Blindness Related Diseases & Conditions

Medical conditions are often related to other diseases and conditions. Our doctors have compiled a list of ailments related to the topic of Blindness. These conditions may be a cause or symptom of Blindness or be a condition for which you may be at increased risk.

  • Glaucoma Glaucoma is a common eye condition in which the fluid pressure inside the eye rises because of slowed fluid drainage from the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Glaucoma Article
    • Glaucoma facts
    • What is glaucoma?
    • How common is glaucoma?
    • What causes glaucoma?
    • What are glaucoma risk factors?
    • What are the different types of glaucoma?
    • What are glaucoma symptoms and signs?
    • How is glaucoma diagnosed?
    • How often should someone be checked (screened) for glaucoma?
    • What is the treatment for glaucoma?
    • Glaucoma medications (eyedrops)
    • Glaucoma surgery or laser
    • Can glaucoma be prevented?
    • What is in the future for glaucoma?
  • Migraine Headache Migraine headaches are severe headaches that are accompanies to sensitivity to light, sounds, and smells. They are often...learn more »
    In This Article
    Migraine Headache Article
    • What is a migraine?
    • What are the risk factors for migraine?
    • What causes migraines?
    • What triggers migraines?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of migraines?
    • How are migraines diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for migraines?
    • What self-care treatment measures work for migraines?
    • How are migraines managed during pregnancy?
    • How are migraines managed in children?
    • What is the prognosis for migraines?
    • Can migraines be prevented?
  • Macular Degeneration Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a disease that gradually destroys the central vision. In people over 60, AMD is a...learn more »
    In This Article
    Macular Degeneration Article
    • Macular degeneration facts
    • What is macular degeneration?
    • What is the retina?
    • What is the macula?
    • What is age-related macular degeneration (AMD)?
    • What is wet age-related macular degeneration?
    • What are retinal drusen?
    • What is dry age-related macular degeneration?
    • What causes macular degeneration?
    • What are risk factors for macular degeneration?
    • What are macular degeneration symptoms?
    • What are signs of macular degeneration?
    • How is macular degeneration diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for wet macular degeneration?
    • What is the treatment for dry macular degeneration?
    • What are complications of macular degeneration?
    • What is the prognosis for macular degeneration?
    • Can macular degeneration be prevented?
    • What research is being done on macular degeneration?
  • Corneal Ulcer A corneal ulcer is an open sore on the cornea. Infection is a common cause of corneal ulcer. Symptoms and signs of corneal ulcer...learn more »
    In This Article
    Corneal Ulcer Article
    • Corneal ulcer facts
    • What is a corneal ulcer?
    • What does a corneal ulcer look like?
    • What are the causes of a corneal ulcer?
    • What are corneal ulcer symptoms?
    • What are corneal ulcer signs?
    • How is a corneal ulcer diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for a corneal ulcer?
    • What is the healing time for a corneal ulcer?
    • Can corneal ulcers be prevented?
  • Polymyalgia Rheumatica Polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR) is a disorder of the muscles and joints that causes pain and stiffness in the arms, neck, shoulders,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Polymyalgia Rheumatica Article
    • Polymyalgia rheumatica and giant cell arteritis facts
    • What is polymyalgia rheumatica?
    • What causes polymyalgia rheumatica?
    • What are symptoms and signs of polymyalgia rheumatica?
    • How is polymyalgia rheumatica diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for polymyalgia rheumatica?
    • What is the prognosis (outlook) for patients with polymyalgia rheumatica?
    • Can polymyalgia be prevented?
    • What are complications of polymyalgia rheumatica?
    • What is giant cell arteritis?
    • What causes giant cell arteritis?
    • What are symptoms of giant cell arteritis?
    • How is giant cell arteritis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for giant cell arteritis?
    • What is the prognosis for patients with giant cell arteritis?
    • Can giant cell arteritis be prevented?
    • What are complications of giant cell arteritis?
  • Stroke A stroke is an interruption of the blood supply to part of the brain caused by either a blood clot (ischemic) or bleeding...learn more »
    In This Article
    Stroke Article
    • Stroke facts
    • What is a stroke?
    • What are the different types of stroke?
    • What are the warning signs of a stroke?
    • What are the symptoms of a stroke?
    • How is a stroke diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for stroke?
    • What is the prognosis for stroke?
    • Is recovery after a stroke possible?
    • What is stroke rehabilitation?
    • Can strokes be prevented?
  • Cataracts A cataract is an eye disease that causes the eye's lens to become cloudy and opaque with decreased vision. Causes of cataracts...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cataracts Article
    • Facts about cataracts
    • What is a cataract?
    • What are the different types of cataracts?
    • What are causes of cataracts?
    • What are risk factors for cataracts?
    • What are the symptoms of cataracts?
    • What are the signs of cataracts?
    • How are cataracts diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for cataracts?
    • What are the different types of cataract surgery, and what risks are involved?
    • What are complications of cataracts?
    • What is the prognosis of cataracts?
    • Can cataracts be prevented?
    • Where can people get more information on cataracts?
  • Paget's Disease Paget's disease is a chronic bone disorder due to irregular breakdown and formation of bone tissue. Symptoms of Paget's disease...learn more »
    In This Article
    Paget's Disease Article
    • Paget's disease
    • What is Paget's disease?
    • What causes Paget's disease?
    • What are Paget's disease symptoms?
    • How is Paget's disease diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for Paget's disease?
    • What is the prognosis for Paget's disease?
    • Who discovered Paget's disease?
    • Where can I find more information about Paget's disease?
  • Scleritis Scleritis is inflammation of the white part of the eye. It may be caused by a serious underlying condition, such as an autoimmune...learn more »
    In This Article
    Scleritis Article
    • Scleritis facts
    • What is scleritis?
    • What is the sclera?
    • What causes scleritis?
    • What are risk factors for scleritis?
    • What are symptoms of scleritis?
    • What are signs of scleritis?
    • How is scleritis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for scleritis?
    • What are the complications of scleritis?
    • What is the prognosis for scleritis?
    • Can scleritis be prevented?
    • What research is being done on scleritis?
  • Syphilis In Women Syphilis, a sexually transmitted disease, is caused by a microscopic, wormlike bacterial organism called a spirochete. There are...learn more »
    In This Article
    Syphilis In Women Article
    • Syphilis facts
    • What are sexually transmitted diseases (STDs)?
    • What is syphilis?
    • What are the symptoms of syphilis?
    • How is syphilis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for syphilis?
    • Syphilis pictures
  • Measles Measles (rubeola) is a highly contagious disease that's caused by a virus. Symptoms include a rash, high fever, cough, runny...learn more »
    In This Article
    Measles Article
    • Measles facts
    • What is measles?
    • What is rubeola?
    • What is rubella?
    • What are other names for measles?
    • What is the history of measles?
    • What causes measles?
    • How is measles spread?
    • How does one become immune to measles?
    • Who is at risk for getting measles?
    • Is measles deadly?
    • What is the danger of getting measles while pregnant?
    • If I am exposed, how long does it take to develop symptoms and signs?
    • What are measles symptoms and signs?
    • What are the complications seen with measles?
    • What is atypical measles?
    • What is modified measles?
    • How is the diagnosis of measles made?
    • If it is not measles, what else could it be?
    • What should I do if I have been exposed to measles?
    • Is there any treatment for measles after symptoms and signs develop?
    • If measles only rarely occurs in the United States, why should I get vaccinated?
    • Do I need to be revaccinated against measles if I am traveling to Europe?
    • What is the prognosis for measles?
    • How can I prevent contracting measles?
    • Is there any truth to the fear of getting autism from vaccines?
    • Who should not receive measles vaccinations?
    • If a child has an egg allergy, can they still receive the measles vaccine?
    • What adverse reactions can occur to the measles vaccination?
    • Who should be revaccinated against measles?
    • Where can I find more information about measles?
  • Diabetes and Eye Problems Diabetes and eye problems are generally caused by high blood sugar levels over an extended period of time. Types of eye problems...learn more »
    In This Article
    Diabetes and Eye Problems Article
    • Eye problems and diabetes introduction
    • Cataracts and diabetes
    • Glaucoma and diabetes
    • Diabetic retinopathy
    • Preventing eye problems with diabetes
    • When to contact your doctor about eye problems in diabetes
  • Leprosy Leprosy (Hansen's disease) is a disfiguring disease caused by infection with Mycobacterium leprae bacteria. The disease is spread...learn more »
    In This Article
    Leprosy Article
    • Leprosy (Hansen's disease) facts
    • What is leprosy?
    • What is the history of leprosy (Hansen's disease)?
    • What causes leprosy?
    • What are the risk factors for leprosy?
    • What are leprosy symptoms and signs?
    • Are there different forms (classifications) of leprosy?
    • How is leprosy transmitted?
    • How is leprosy diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for leprosy?
    • What are the complications of leprosy?
    • How is leprosy prevented?
    • What is the prognosis (outcomes) of leprosy?
    • Where can I find more information on leprosy?
  • Retinitis Pigmentosa Retinitis pigmentosa (RP) is a genetic condition that causes retinal degeneration and eventual vision loss. Symptoms include...learn more »
    In This Article
    Retinitis Pigmentosa Article
    • Retinitis pigmentosa facts
    • What is retinitis pigmentosa?
    • What causes retinitis pigmentosa?
    • What are retinitis pigmentosa symptoms and signs?
    • How is retinitis pigmentosa diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for retinitis pigmentosa?
    • How long does retinitis pigmentosa last?
    • What are complications of retinitis pigmentosa?
    • What is the prognosis for retinitis pigmentosa?
    • What research is being done for retinitis pigmentosa?
    • Where can I find out more information about retinitis pigmentosa?
  • Mucormycosis Mucormycosis (zygomycosis) is a fungal infection caused by Zygomycetes. Symptoms and signs include fever, headache, coughing,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Mucormycosis Article
    • Mucormycosis (zygomycosis) facts
    • What is mucormycosis?
    • What causes mucormycosis?
    • What are risk factors for mucormycosis?
    • What are symptoms and signs of mucormycosis?
    • How is mucormycosis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment of mucormycosis?
    • What are complications of mucormycosis?
    • What is the prognosis of mucormycosis?
    • Can mucormycosis be prevented?
    • What research is being done on mucormycosis?
    • Where can people find more information on mucormycosis?
  • Eye Care Many common eye disorders resolve without treatment and some may be managed with over-the-counter (OTC) products. It's important...learn more »
    In This Article
    Eye Care Article
    • Eye care introduction
    • What is the structure of the eye?
    • Which common disorders of the eye can (sometimes) be self-treated?
    • What common eye conditions usually require treatment by a doctor?
    • What types of OTC eye care products are there?
    • What inactive ingredients are contained in OTC eye care products?
  • Coats' Disease eye. Read about symptoms, signs, diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis. Coats' disease is a rare eye condition that typically...learn more »
    In This Article
    Coats' Disease Article
    • What is Coats' disease?
    • What are causes and risk factors for Coats' disease?
    • What are symptoms and signs of Coats' disease?
    • How is Coats' disease diagnosed?
    • How is staging of Coats' disease determined?
    • What is the treatment for Coats' disease?
    • What is the prognosis of Coats' disease?
    • Can Coats' disease be prevented?
    • What research is being done on Coats' disease?
    • Where can people with Coats' disease get support?
    • Where can people get more information about Coats' disease?
  • Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) is a rare, degenerative, invariably fatal brain disorder. CJD generally appears in the later...learn more »
    In This Article
    Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease Article
    • What is Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD)?
    • What are the symptoms of the Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease?
    • How is Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease diagnosed?
    • What causes Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease?
    • How is Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease transmitted?
    • What research is taking place with Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease?
    • How can I help research?
    • Where can I get more information about Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease?
    • How is the Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease treated?
  • Trachoma Trachoma is an infectious disease caused by the Chlamydia trachomatis bacteria. Symptoms and signs include redness and irritation...learn more »
    In This Article
    Trachoma Article
    • Trachoma facts
    • What is trachoma? Is trachoma contagious?
    • How does trachoma manifest itself?
    • What is the cause of trachoma?
    • What are trachoma symptoms and signs?
    • How is trachoma diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for trachoma?
    • How long does trachoma last?
    • Can trachoma be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis for trachoma?
    • What are complications of trachoma?
    • What research is being done on trachoma?
  • Smallpox Smallpox is a disease caused by the variola virus. Symptoms and signs include a characteristic rash and high fever. Treatment...learn more »
    In This Article
    Smallpox Article
    • Smallpox facts
    • What is smallpox?
    • What is the history of smallpox?
    • What causes smallpox?
    • How is smallpox transmitted?
    • What are smallpox symptoms and signs?
    • How is smallpox diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for smallpox?
    • Can smallpox be prevented with a vaccine?
    • What is the prognosis for smallpox, and what are complications of smallpox?
    • Where can people find more information on smallpox?
  • Neuromyelitis Optica Neuromyelitis optica (Devic's syndrome) is a disease of the CNS that affects the optic nerves and spinal cord. People with...learn more »
    In This Article
    Neuromyelitis Optica Article
    • Neuromyelitis optica facts*
    • What is neuromyelitis optica?
    • What are the symptoms of neuromyelitis optica?
    • How is neuromyelitis optica diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for neuromyelitis optica?
    • What is the prognosis for neuromyelitis optica?
    • What research is being done?
  • Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever (RMSF) Rocky Mountain spotted fever is a tick-borne disease that causes symptoms and signs such as fever, rash, headache, and muscle...learn more »
    In This Article
    Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever (RMSF) Article
    • Rocky Mountain spotted fever facts
    • What is Rocky Mountain spotted fever?
    • What causes Rocky Mountain spotted fever?
    • What are Rocky Mountain spotted fever risk factors?
    • What are Rocky Mountain spotted fever symptoms and signs?
    • How do physicians diagnose Rocky Mountain spotted fever?
    • What is the treatment for Rocky Mountain spotted fever?
    • What is the prognosis of Rocky Mountain spotted fever?
    • Is it possible to prevent Rocky Mountain spotted fever?
  • Onchocerciasis Onchocerciasis, or river blindness, is a parasitic disease that may cause blindness. It is transmitted by the bite of a female...learn more »
    In This Article
    Onchocerciasis Article
    • Onchocerciasis facts
    • What is onchocerciasis?
    • What causes onchocerciasis?
    • What are onchocerciasis symptoms and signs?
    • Is there an incubation period for onchocerciasis?
    • How is onchocerciasis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for onchocerciasis?
    • What are risk factors for onchocerciasis?
    • Can onchocerciasis be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis of onchocerciasis?
  • Eyeglasses, Sunglasses, and Magnifying Glasses Nonprescription eyeglasses are available over the counter (OTC) and are typically used by people who can no longer read fine...learn more »
    In This Article
    Eyeglasses, Sunglasses, and Magnifying Glasses Article
    • Nonprescription eyeglasses
    • Trifocals and variable lenses
    • Sunglasses
    • Magnifying glasses
  • Color Blindness Color blindness is a condition where a person does not see colors in the usual way. Color blindness is a genetic condition that...learn more »
    In This Article
    Color Blindness Article
    • Introduction to color blindness
    • How does the eye normally see colors?
    • What is color blindness?
    • What causes color blindness?
    • Does color blindness cause other health problems?
  • Shaken Baby Syndrome (Abusive Head Trauma) Shaken baby syndrome, or abusive head trauma, are the symptoms and signs that result from the violent shaking of an infant. These...learn more »
    In This Article
    Shaken Baby Syndrome (Abusive Head Trauma) Article
    • Shaken baby syndrome facts
    • What is shaken baby syndrome?
    • What causes shaken baby syndrome?
    • What are the risk factors for shaken baby syndrome?
    • What are shaken baby syndrome symptoms and signs?
    • How do physicians diagnose shaken baby syndrome?
    • What is the treatment for shaken baby syndrome?
    • What are complications and long-term effects of shaken baby syndrome?
    • What is the prognosis of shaken baby syndrome?
    • Is it possible to prevent shaken baby syndrome?
    • What can caregivers or parents do to calm a crying baby?
  • Canavan Disease Canavan disease is an inherited genetic disorder that typically causes death before 10 years of age. Signs and symptoms of the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Canavan Disease Article
    • Canavan disease facts*
    • What is Canavan disease?
    • What causes Canavan disease?
    • What are the symptoms of Canavan disease?
    • Is there any treatment for Canavan disease?
    • What is the prognosis for Canavan disease?
    • What research is being done on Canavan disease?
  • Contact Lenses: Colored, Soft, Hard, Toric and Bifocal Contact lenses fit over the cornea and correct vision problems such as nearsightedness, farsightedness, or astigmatism. Contact...learn more »
    In This Article
    Contact Lenses: Colored, Soft, Hard, Toric and Bifocal Article
    • Colored Contact Lenses
    • Soft Contact Lenses
    • Hard Contact Lenses
    • Bifocal Contact Lenses
    • Toric Contact Lenses
    • How do I know which type of contact lens is right for me?
    • Who should not wear contact lenses?
    • Where do I go to get contact lenses?

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