Bladder Infection (Cystitis)

  • Medical Author:
    Siamak N. Nabili, MD, MPH

    Dr. Nabili received his undergraduate degree from the University of California, San Diego (UCSD), majoring in chemistry and biochemistry. He then completed his graduate degree at the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA). His graduate training included a specialized fellowship in public health where his research focused on environmental health and health-care delivery and management.

  • Medical Editor: William C. Shiel Jr., MD, FACP, FACR
    William C. Shiel Jr., MD, FACP, FACR

    William C. Shiel Jr., MD, FACP, FACR

    Dr. Shiel received a Bachelor of Science degree with honors from the University of Notre Dame. There he was involved in research in radiation biology and received the Huisking Scholarship. After graduating from St. Louis University School of Medicine, he completed his Internal Medicine residency and Rheumatology fellowship at the University of California, Irvine. He is board-certified in Internal Medicine and Rheumatology.

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Quick GuideUrinary Tract Infection (UTI) Pictures Slideshow: Bladder Infection Symptoms, Causes and Treatments

Urinary Tract Infection (UTI) Pictures Slideshow: Bladder Infection Symptoms, Causes and Treatments

What are the signs and symptoms of a bladder infection in women?

Because cystitis is seen more commonly in women, most signs and symptoms listed below pertain to cystitis in women unless otherwise indicated.

General symptoms of bladder infection may include:

  • Dysuria (painful urination)
  • Urinary frequency
  • Urinary urgency (urge to urinate)
  • Hesitancy to void urine
  • Bladder pain (pain around the pelvic area)
  • Incomplete voiding of urine
  • Urinary incontinence (involuntary loss of urine)

Fevers, chills, nausea, vomiting, and poor oral intake are rarely seen in bladder infection, although they are more common in more severe urinary infections such as kidney infection.

Some common signs of bladder infection are:

  • Lower abdominal tenderness
  • Blood in urine (hematuria)
  • Tenderness on the sides of the back (flanks)
  • Foul-smelling urine
  • In elderly patients, lethargy or confusion may be the only signs

What are the signs and symptoms of a bladder infection in men?

In men, signs and symptoms of probable bladder infection (cystitis) are:

  • Dysuria (painful urination)
  • Urinary frequency
  • Urinary urgency
  • Suprapubic pain (pain above the pelvic bone in lower abdomen)
  • Hematuria (blood in urine)
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 10/30/2015
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