bismuth subsalicylate (Pepto Bismol, Kaopectate, Bismatrol Maximum Strength, and others)

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GENERIC NAME: bismuth subsalicylate

BRAND NAME: Bismatrol Maximum Strength, Pepto Bismol, Kaopectate, and many other brands

DRUG CLASS AND MECHANISM: Bismuth subsalicylate (BSS) is a commonly used over the counter medicine used to treat:

Bismuth subsalicylate is also used to prevent traveler's diarrhea and to treat Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection as part of a quadruple-drug therapy that also includes two antibiotics, and either a histamine-2 receptor antagonist or proton pump inhibitor.

Bismuth subsalicylate has various therapeutic benefits in the body including anti-bacterial, weak antacid, anti-inflammatory, and anti-secretory actions. After oral administration, bismuth subsalicylate is degraded in the stomach to produce salicylic acid. Salicylic acid inhibits the synthesis of prostaglandin, a chemical made in the body that plays an important role in contraction of smooth muscle and relaxation, dilation & constriction of blood vessels, blood pressure control, and modulation of inflammation.

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 5/12/2015

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