GENERIC NAME: bisacodyl suppository and enema
BRAND NAME: Dulcolax, Biscolax, Bisac-Evac, Fleet Bisacodyl Enema, Fleet Stimulant Laxative
DRUG CLASS AND MECHANISM: Bisacodyl is a stimulant laxative. It stimulates the muscles in the wall of the small intestine and colon to generate a bowel movement. It also alters water and electrolyte levels in intestines, increasing the level of fluids which also produce a laxative-like effect.
PRESCRIBED FOR: Bisacodyl is used for the temporary relief of occasional constipation and irregular bowel movements.
SIDE EFFECTS: Side effects of bisacodyl are:
- abdominal cramping,
- rectal burning, and
- fluid and electrolyte imbalance.
GENERIC AVAILABLE: Yes
PREPARATIONS: Bisacodyl is available 10 mg rectal suppository and an enema containing 10 mg of bisacodyl per 30 ml of enema.
STORAGE: Bisacodyl suppositories and enemas require storage below 30 C (86 F).
- Adults and children 12 years of age and older: Unwrap and insert 1 suppository into rectum daily as a single dose. Retain for 15 to 20 minutes.
- Children of ages 6 to under 12 years: Unwrap and insert ½ suppository into rectum daily as a single dose.
- Children under 2 years of age: Ask a doctor.
- Adults and children 12 years of age and older: Use 1 bottle (1.25 oz) as a single dose.
- Children under 12 years of age: Ask a doctor.
DRUG INTERACTIONS: No significant drug interactions.
PREGNANCY: There are no adequate studies done to determine safe and effective use of bisacodyl in pregnant women.
NURSING MOTHERS: It is unknown whether bisacodyl is excreted in breast milk; therefore it must be used with caution in nursing mothers.
REFERENCES: FDA Prescribing Information.
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