bisacodyl suppository - rectal, Cortifoam, Anusol-HC, Anucort-HC, Proctocort

Pharmacy Author:
Medical and Pharmacy Editor:

GENERIC NAME: Bisacodyl

BRAND NAME: Dulcolax, Correctol, Doxidan, Bisacolax, Bisac-evac, Alophen, Fleet Bisacodyl, Feen-a-mint.

DRUG CLASS AND MECHANISM: Bisacodyl is a stimulant laxative. It stimulates the muscles in the wall of the small intestine and colon to generate a bowel movement. It also alters water and electrolyte levels in intestines, increasing the level of fluids which also produce a laxative-like effect.

PRESCRIPTION: No

GENERIC AVAILABLE: Yes

PREPARATIONS: Bisacodyl is available as 5 mg enteric-coated oral tablets, a 10 mg rectal suppository, and an enema containing 10 mg of bisacodyl per 1.25 ounce of enema.

STORAGE: Bisacodyl tablets should be stored between 20 C to 25 C (68 F to 77 F) and protected from humidity. Suppositories and enemas require storage below 30 C (86 F).

PRESCRIBED FOR: Bisacodyl is used for the temporary relief of occasional constipation and irregular bowel movements.

DOSING:

Tablets:

  • Adults and children 12 years of age and older: Take 1 to 3 tablets (5 - 15 mg) by mouth as a single daily dose, with a glass of water.
  • Children of ages 6 to under 12 years: Take 1 tablet by mouth as a single daily dose, with a glass of water.
  • Children under 6 years of age: Ask a doctor.

Rectal suppository:

  • Adults and children 12 years of age and older: Unwrap and insert 1 suppository into rectum daily as a single dose. Retain for 15 to 20 minutes.
  • Children of ages 6 to under 12 years: Unwrap and insert ½ suppository into rectum daily as a single dose.
  • Children under 2 years of age: Ask a doctor.

Enema:

  • Adults and children 12 years of age and older: Use 1 bottle (1.25 oz) as a single dose.
  • Children under 12 years of age: Ask a doctor.

DRUG INTERACTIONS: No significant drug interactions.

PREGNANCY: There are no adequate studies done to determine safe and effective use of bisacodyl in pregnant women.

NURSING MOTHERS: It is unknown whether bisacodyl is excreted in breast milk; therefore it must be used with caution in nursing mothers.

SIDE EFFECTS: Side effects of bisacodyl are abdominal cramping, diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, vertigo, rectal burning, and fluid and electrolyte imbalance.

REFERENCES:

MedscapeReference.com. Constipation Treatment & Management.

Dulcolax (bisacodyl) tablets - Prescribing Information

Dulcolax (bisacodyl) suppository - Prescribing Information

Dulcolax (bisacodyl) enema - Prescribing Information


Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 4/16/2014



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