Birthmarks and Other Skin Pigmentation Problems Index

Featured: Birthmark Main Article

Birthmarks and other abnormal skin pigmentation is caused by the body's inability to produce enough melanin. Abnormal skin pigmentation can cause conditions such as vitiligo, pigmentation loss, melasma, albinism, port wine stains, macular stains and hemangioma.

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    Related Diseases & Conditions

    • Itching Itching can be a common problem. Itches can be localized or generalized. There are many causes of itching to include: infection...learn more »
      In This Article
      Itching Article
      • Itch facts
      • What is an itch?
      • What are associated symptoms and signs of itching?
      • What causes itching?
      • How is the cause of itching diagnosed?
      • Should I scratch the itch?
      • What are topical itch treatments? Are there any home remedies for itching?
      • What are oral itch treatments?
      • Can itching be prevented?
      • When should the doctor be consulted for itching?
      • What are possible complications of itching?
      • What is the prognosis (outlook) for itching?
    • Pregnancy (Week By Week, Trimesters) There are many symptoms involved in the 1st, 2nd and 3rd trimesters of pregnancy. The first early pregnancy symptom is typically...learn more »
      In This Article
      Pregnancy (Week By Week, Trimesters) Article
      • Pregnancy facts*
      • Introduction
      • What is the first trimester (week 1-week 12)?
      • What is the second trimester (week 13-week 28)?
      • What is the third trimester (week 29-week 40)?
      • How will my baby develop week by week?
      • What are the changes that happen to a woman's body during her 1st, 2nd, and 3rd trimesters of pregnancy?
      • Body aches
      • Breast changes
      • Constipation
      • Dizziness
      • Fatigue, sleep problems
      • Heartburn and indigestion
      • Hemorrhoids during pregnancy
      • Itching
      • Leg cramps
      • Morning sickness
      • Nasal problems
      • Numb or tingling hands
      • Stretch marks, skin changes
      • Swelling
      • Urinary frequency and leaking
      • Varicose veins
    • Melanoma Melanoma is a type of skin cancer which begins in skin cells called melanocytes and affects more than 53,600 people in the United...learn more »
      In This Article
      Melanoma Article
      • Melanoma facts
      • Introduction
      • What does melanoma look like? What are the symptoms and signs?
      • What if the skin changes are rapid or dramatic?
      • What are the causes and risk factors for melanoma?
      • How do I know my level of risk for melanoma?
      • What are the types of melanoma?
      • How is melanoma diagnosed?
      • How do doctors determine the prognosis (outlook) of a melanoma?
      • What is the treatment for melanoma?
      • What methods are available to help prevent melanoma?
      • Conclusions
      • What is in the future for melanoma?
      • Additional Resources
    • Vitiligo Vitiligo is a condition in which the skin turns white due to the loss of pigment from the melanocytes, cells that produce the...learn more »
      In This Article
      Vitiligo Article
      • Vitiligo facts*
      • What is vitiligo, and what causes it?
      • Who is affected by vitiligo, and is vitiligo inherited?
      • What are the symptoms and signs of vitiligo?
      • Will the depigmented patches spread?
      • How is vitiligo diagnosed?
      • How can people cope with the emotional and psychological aspects of vitiligo?
      • What treatment options are available for vitiligo?
      • Medical therapies
      • Surgical therapies
      • Additional therapies
      • What research is being done on vitiligo?
      • Where can people find more information about vitiligo?
    • Pernicious Anemia Pernicious anemia is a blood disorder in which the body does not make enough red blood cells due to a lack of vitamin B12 in the...learn more »
      In This Article
      Pernicious Anemia Article
      • Pernicious anemia facts
      • What is pernicious anemia?
      • What is megaloblastic anemia?
      • What causes pernicious anemia?
      • Is pernicious anemia the same as vitamin B-12 deficiency anemia?
      • What are the symptoms of vitamin B-12 deficiency/pernicious anemia?
      • How is pernicious anemia/vitamin B-12 deficiency diagnosed?
      • What is the treatment for pernicious anemia/vitamin B-12 deficiency?
      • Can pernicious anemia/ vitamin B-12 deficiency be prevented?
      • What is the prognosis for pernicious anemia/ vitamin B-12 deficiency?
    • Glaucoma Glaucoma is a common eye condition in which the fluid pressure inside the eye rises because of slowed fluid drainage from the...learn more »
      In This Article
      Glaucoma Article
      • Glaucoma facts
      • What is glaucoma?
      • How common is glaucoma?
      • What causes glaucoma?
      • What are glaucoma risk factors?
      • What are the different types of glaucoma?
      • What are glaucoma symptoms and signs?
      • How is glaucoma diagnosed?
      • How often should someone be checked (screened) for glaucoma?
      • What is the treatment for glaucoma?
      • Glaucoma medications (eyedrops)
      • Glaucoma surgery or laser
      • Can glaucoma be prevented?
      • What is in the future for glaucoma?

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Terms related to Birthmarks and Other Skin Pigmentation Problems:

  • Albinism
  • Hemangioma
  • Macular Stains
  • Pigmented Birthmarks
  • Port-wine Stains
  • Skin Pigmentation Problems