Birthmarks and Other Skin Pigmentation Problems Index

Featured: Birthmark Main Article

Birthmarks and other abnormal skin pigmentation is caused by the body's inability to produce enough melanin. Abnormal skin pigmentation can cause conditions such as vitiligo, pigmentation loss, melasma, albinism, port wine stains, macular stains and hemangioma.

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    Related Diseases & Conditions

    • Sunburn (Sun Poisoning) Sunburn is caused by overexposure to UV radiation from the sun. UV rays can also damage the eyes. Repeated overexposure to UV...learn more »
      In This Article
      Sunburn (Sun Poisoning) Article
      • Sunburn and sun poisoning facts
      • What is sunburn?
      • Can sunburn cause permanent damage?
      • What is UV light and where are UV rays most intense?
      • Why does the skin tan after exposure to UV rays?
      • What are the symptoms of sunburn?
      • What are the symptoms of severe sunburn (sun poisoning)?
      • Sunburn pictures
      • What first-aid measures should be taken with sunburn?
      • What is the treatment for sunburn?
      • Are there any home remedies to treat sunburn?
      • Is a follow-up visit with a physician necessary?
      • Who is most susceptible to sunburn?
      • Can diseases cause a heightened sensitivity to UV rays?
      • Can medications increase sensitivity to sunburn?
      • What kinds of skin cancer can UV rays cause?
      • How can sunburn and skin cancer be prevented?
      • How do sunscreens work?
      • What is SPF?
      • What is the best way to apply sunscreen?
      • Do sunscreens expire?
      • Can antioxidants protect against sunburn?
    • Melasma Melasma is a patchy brown discoloration of the skin on the face. When it occurs in pregnancy, it's called chloasma. Melasma is...learn more »
      In This Article
      Melasma Article
      • Melasma facts
      • What is melasma? What are signs of melasma?
      • What causes melasma?
      • Where is melasma seen on the body?
      • What are the types of melasma?
      • How is melasma diagnosed?
      • What is the treatment for melasma?
      • What melasma treatments can I have at my doctor's office?
      • Do lasers work for melasma?
      • How does hydroquinone work in melasma?
      • Are there non-hydroquinone alternative treatments for melasma?
      • What is Tri-Luma?
      • What SPF is recommended for melasma?
      • Can melasma be prevented?
      • What is the prognosis for melasma?
    • Glaucoma Glaucoma is a common eye condition in which the fluid pressure inside the eye rises because of slowed fluid drainage from the...learn more »
      In This Article
      Glaucoma Article
      • Glaucoma facts
      • What is glaucoma?
      • How common is glaucoma?
      • What causes glaucoma?
      • What are glaucoma risk factors?
      • What are the different types of glaucoma?
      • What are glaucoma symptoms and signs?
      • How is glaucoma diagnosed?
      • How often should someone be checked (screened) for glaucoma?
      • What is the treatment for glaucoma?
      • Glaucoma medications (eyedrops)
      • Glaucoma surgery or laser
      • Can glaucoma be prevented?
      • What is in the future for glaucoma?
    • Melanoma Melanoma is a type of skin cancer which begins in skin cells called melanocytes and affects more than 53,600 people in the United...learn more »
      In This Article
      Melanoma Article
      • Melanoma facts
      • What is melanoma?
      • What does melanoma look like? What are melanoma symptoms and signs?
      • What if the skin changes are rapid or dramatic?
      • What are the causes and risk factors for melanoma?
      • How can people estimate their level of risk for melanoma?
      • What are the types of melanoma?
      • How is melanoma diagnosed?
      • What is the treatment for melanoma?
      • How do doctors determine the prognosis (outlook) of a melanoma?
      • What methods are available to help prevent melanoma?
      • Conclusions
      • What research is being done on melanoma?
      • Where can people get more information about melanoma?
    • Skin Cancer Skin cancers occur when skin cells undergo malignant transformations and grow into tumors. The most common types of skin cancer,...learn more »
      In This Article
      Skin Cancer Article
      • What is skin cancer?
      • What are the risk factors for skin cancer?
      • What causes skin cancer?
      • What are the different types of skin cancer?
      • What are the signs and symptoms of skin cancer?
      • When is a mole dangerous or high-risk for becoming a skin cancer?
      • What are the most common sites where skin cancer develops?
      • How is skin cancer diagnosed?
      • What is the staging for skin cancer?
      • What is the treatment for skin cancer?
      • What is the prognosis for skin cancer?
      • Can skin cancer be prevented?
      • Sunscreen use and vitamin D
    • Varicose Veins Varicose vein: A dilated (widened) tortuous (twisting) vein, usually involving a superficial vein in the leg, often associated...learn more »
      In This Article
      Varicose Veins Article
      • Varicose veins and spider veins facts
      • What are veins and what is their function?
      • What are varicose veins and spider veins?
      • Varicose vein and spider vein pictures
      • Who gets varicose and spider veins?
      • What causes varicose and spider veins?
      • What are varicose vein symptoms?
      • How are varicose veins evaluated (diagnosed)?
      • What treatments are available for varicose veins and spider veins?
      • How can compression stockings help with varicose veins?
      • What is sclerotherapy?
      • Pictures of sclerotherapy treatment
      • What are potential side effects and complications of sclerotherapy?
      • What surgical procedures are available to treat varicose veins?
      • Can laser be used to treat varicose and spider veins?
      • What type of doctors provide treatments for varicose and spider veins?
      • What are the side effects of these treatments?
      • How can varicose veins be prevented?

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Terms related to Birthmarks and Other Skin Pigmentation Problems:

  • Albinism
  • Hemangioma
  • Macular Stains
  • Pigmented Birthmarks
  • Port-wine Stains
  • Skin Pigmentation Problems