Birthmarks and Other Skin Pigmentation Problems Index

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Birthmarks and other abnormal skin pigmentation is caused by the body's inability to produce enough melanin. Abnormal skin pigmentation can cause conditions such as vitiligo, pigmentation loss, melasma, albinism, port wine stains, macular stains and hemangioma.

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    Related Diseases & Conditions

    • Glaucoma Glaucoma is a common eye condition in which the fluid pressure inside the eye rises because of slowed fluid drainage from the...learn more »
      In This Article
      Glaucoma Article
      • Glaucoma facts
      • What is glaucoma?
      • How common is glaucoma?
      • What causes glaucoma?
      • What are glaucoma risk factors?
      • What are the different types of glaucoma?
      • What are glaucoma symptoms and signs?
      • How is glaucoma diagnosed?
      • How often should someone be checked (screened) for glaucoma?
      • What is the treatment for glaucoma?
      • Glaucoma medications (eyedrops)
      • Glaucoma surgery or laser
      • Can glaucoma be prevented?
      • What is in the future for glaucoma?
    • Melanoma Melanoma is a type of skin cancer which begins in skin cells called melanocytes and affects more than 53,600 people in the United...learn more »
      In This Article
      Melanoma Article
      • Melanoma facts
      • Introduction
      • What does melanoma look like? What are the symptoms and signs?
      • What if the skin changes are rapid or dramatic?
      • What are the causes and risk factors for melanoma?
      • How do I estimate my level of risk for melanoma?
      • What are the types of melanoma?
      • How is melanoma diagnosed?
      • How do doctors determine the prognosis (outlook) of a melanoma?
      • What is the treatment for melanoma?
      • What methods are available to help prevent melanoma?
      • Conclusions
      • What is in the future for melanoma?
      • Additional resources
    • Skin Cancer Skin cancers occur when skin cells undergo malignant transformations and grow into tumors. The most common types of skin cancer,...learn more »
      In This Article
      Skin Cancer Article
      • What is skin cancer?
      • What are the risk factors for skin cancer?
      • What causes skin cancer?
      • What are the different types of skin cancer?
      • What are the signs and symptoms of skin cancer?
      • When is a mole dangerous or high-risk for becoming a skin cancer?
      • What are the most common sites where skin cancer develops?
      • How is skin cancer diagnosed?
      • What is the staging for skin cancer?
      • What is the treatment for skin cancer?
      • What is the prognosis for skin cancer?
      • Can skin cancer be prevented?
      • Sunscreen use and vitamin D
    • Varicose Veins Varicose vein: A dilated (widened) tortuous (twisting) vein, usually involving a superficial vein in the leg, often associated...learn more »
      In This Article
      Varicose Veins Article
      • Varicose veins and spider veins facts
      • What are veins and what is their function?
      • What are varicose veins and spider veins?
      • Varicose vein and spider vein pictures
      • Who gets varicose and spider veins?
      • What causes varicose and spider veins?
      • What are varicose vein symptoms?
      • How are varicose veins evaluated (diagnosed)?
      • What treatments are available for varicose veins and spider veins?
      • How can compression stockings help with varicose veins?
      • What is sclerotherapy?
      • Pictures of sclerotherapy treatment
      • What are potential side effects and complications of sclerotherapy?
      • What surgical procedures are available to treat varicose veins?
      • Can laser be used to treat varicose and spider veins?
      • What type of doctors provide treatments for varicose and spider veins?
      • What are the side effects of these treatments?
      • How can varicose veins be prevented?
    • Pernicious Anemia Pernicious anemia is a blood disorder in which the body does not make enough red blood cells due to a lack of vitamin B12 in the...learn more »
      In This Article
      Pernicious Anemia Article
      • Pernicious anemia facts
      • What is pernicious anemia?
      • What is megaloblastic anemia?
      • What causes pernicious anemia?
      • Is pernicious anemia the same as vitamin B-12 deficiency anemia?
      • What are the symptoms of vitamin B-12 deficiency/ pernicious anemia?
      • How is pernicious anemia/vitamin B-12 deficiency diagnosed?
      • What is the treatment for pernicious anemia and vitamin B-12 deficiency?
      • Can pernicious anemia/ vitamin B-12 deficiency be prevented?
      • What is the prognosis for pernicious anemia/ vitamin B-12 deficiency?
    • Klippel-Trenaunay-Weber Syndrome Klippel-Trènaunay-Weber (KTW) syndrome is a condition characterized by port-wine stains or birthmark malformations in the skin,...learn more »
      In This Article
      Klippel-Trenaunay-Weber Syndrome Article
      • What is Klippel-Trènaunay-Weber (KTW) syndrome?
      • What is a port-wine stain?
      • What is asymmetrical limb hypertrophy?
      • Are there other abnormalities in Klippel-Trènaunay-Weber syndrome?
      • How is intelligence affected?
      • What is the basic defect in Klippel-Trènaunay-Weber syndrome?
      • What causes Klippel-Trènaunay-Weber syndrome?
      • What is the prognosis (outlook) with Klippel-Trènaunay-Weber syndrome?
      • Why is it called Klippel-Trènaunay-Weber syndrome?
      • Alternative names for Klippel-Trènaunay-Weber (KTW) syndrome

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Terms related to Birthmarks and Other Skin Pigmentation Problems:

  • Albinism
  • Hemangioma
  • Macular Stains
  • Pigmented Birthmarks
  • Port-wine Stains
  • Skin Pigmentation Problems