Birth Defects Related Diseases & Conditions

Medical conditions are often related to other diseases and conditions. Our doctors have compiled a list of ailments related to the topic of Birth Defects. These conditions may be a cause or symptom of Birth Defects or be a condition for which you may be at increased risk.

  • Scoliosis Scoliosis causes an abnormal curvature of the spine. When the cause of scoliosis is unknown the disorder is described based on...learn more »
    In This Article
    Scoliosis Article
    • Scoliosis facts
    • What is scoliosis?
    • What causes scoliosis?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of scoliosis?
    • How is scoliosis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for scoliosis?
    • What is the prognosis for scoliosis?
    • Is there a cure for scoliosis?
    • Where can people get more information on scoliosis?
  • Hernia A hernia occurs when an organ or piece of tissue protrudes from the space in which it is normally contained. Symptoms of a hernia...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hernia Article
    • What is an abdominal hernia?
    • What are the different types of abdominal hernias?
    • What causes an abdominal hernia?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of an abdominal hernia?
    • How are abdominal hernias diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for an abdominal hernia?
    • What non-surgical treatments are available for an abdominal hernia?
    • What is the prognosis for an abdominal hernia?
    • Can an abdominal hernia be prevented?
  • Hydrocephalus Hydrocephalus is an abnormal buildup of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in the ventricles of the brain. The fluid is often under...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hydrocephalus Article
    • Hydrocephalus facts
    • What is hydrocephalus?
    • What are the different types of hydrocephalus?
    • Who gets this hydrocephalus?
    • What causes hydrocephalus?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of hydrocephalus?
    • How is hydrocephalus diagnosed?
    • What is the current treatment for hydrocephalus?
    • What are the possible complications of a shunt system?
    • What is the prognosis for hydrocephalus?
    • What research is being done on hydrocephalus?
    • Where can I get more information about hydrocephalus?
  • Aneurysm (Brain) Brain aneurysm (cerebral aneurysm) is caused by microscopic damage to artery walls, infections of the artery walls, tumors,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Aneurysm (Brain) Article
    • Brain aneurysm facts
    • What is a brain aneurysm and what causes a brain aneurysm?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of brain aneurysm?
    • How is brain aneurysm diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for brain aneurysm?
    • What is the outcome of brain aneurysm?
    • What are future directions for the treatment of brain aneurysm?
  • Alcoholism Alcoholism is a disease that includes alcohol craving and continued drinking despite repeated alcohol-related problems, such as...learn more »
    In This Article
    Alcoholism Article
    • Alcohol use disorder facts
    • What is alcohol abuse?
    • What is alcoholism?
    • What differentiates alcohol abuse from alcoholism?
    • What are risk factors for alcoholism?
    • What causes alcoholism? Is alcoholism hereditary?
    • What are alcohol use disorder symptoms and signs in teenagers, women, men, and the elderly?
    • How do physicians diagnose alcohol use disorder?
    • What are the stages of alcohol use disorder?
    • What is the treatment for alcohol use disorder?
    • What medications treat alcohol use disorder?
    • How can you tell if someone has a drinking problem?
    • Can an alcoholic just cut back or stop drinking?
    • Is there a safe level of drinking?
    • Is it safe to drink alcohol while pregnant?
    • How can someone find more information or get help or support to treat alcohol use disorder?
    • What are the long-term physical and psychological effects of alcohol use disorder?
    • What is codependency, and what is the treatment for codependency?
    • Is it possible to prevent alcohol use disorder?
    • What is the prognosis of alcohol use disorder?
  • Miscarriage Miscarriage is the medical term for the spontaneous loss of pregnancy from conception to 20 weeks gestation. Risk factors for a...learn more »
    In This Article
    Miscarriage Article
    • What is a miscarriage?
    • How common is miscarriage?
    • What causes miscarriage?
    • What are the types of miscarriage?
    • What are signs and symptoms of a miscarriage?
    • How is miscarriage diagnosed?
    • What happens after a miscarriage?
    • What is the outlook for future pregnancies after a miscarriage?
    • Can miscarriage be prevented?
  • Cerebral Palsy Cerebral palsy (CP) is an abnormality of motor function and postural tone acquired at an early age (even before birth). Cerebral...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cerebral Palsy Article
    • Cerebral palsy facts
    • What is cerebral palsy?
    • What are causes of cerebral palsy?
    • What are symptoms and signs of cerebral palsy?
    • What are the types of cerebral palsy?
    • What is spastic cerebral palsy?
    • What is dyskinetic cerebral palsy?
    • What is ataxic cerebral palsy?
    • What is dystonic cerebral palsy?
    • What is choreoathetoid cerebral palsy?
    • What is hypotonic cerebral palsy?
    • What is mixed cerebral palsy?
    • What other conditions are associated with cerebral palsy?
    • How is a child evaluated for cerebral palsy?
    • How is cerebral palsy treated?
    • What are specific treatment plans for cerebral palsy?
    • What is the long-term outlook for patients with cerebral palsy?
  • Genetic Disease Genetic disease is a disorder or condition caused by abnormalities in a person's genome. Types of genetic inheritance include...learn more »
    In This Article
    Genetic Disease Article
    • What is a genetic disease?
    • What are the different types of inheritance?
    • Single gene inheritance
    • Multifactorial inheritance
    • Chromosome abnormalities
    • Mitochondrial inheritance
    • What is the human genome?
  • Microcephaly Microcephaly is a genetic condition where the circumference of the head is smaller than normal due to underdeveloped brain....learn more »
    In This Article
    Microcephaly Article
    • Microcephaly facts*
    • What is microcephaly?
    • What causes microcephaly?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of microcephaly?
    • Is there any treatment for microcephaly?
    • What is the prognosis for microcephaly?
    • What research is being done on microcephaly?
    • For more information
  • Achondroplasia A common form of short stature, achondroplasia (dwarfism) is a genetic condition causing a disorder of bone growth. Complications...learn more »
    In This Article
    Achondroplasia Article
    • Achondroplasia facts
    • What is achondroplasia?
    • What are the characteristics of achondroplasia?
    • How is achondroplasia diagnosed?
    • What can be done for patients with achondroplasia?
    • How is achondroplasia inherited?
    • What if someone with achondroplasia has children?
    • What if two people with achondroplasia have children?
    • What gene causes achondroplasia?
  • Toxoplasmosis Toxoplasmosis (toxo) is a parasitic infection that causes flulike symptoms, swollen lymph nodes, and muscle aches and pains that...learn more »
    In This Article
    Toxoplasmosis Article
    • Toxoplasmosis facts
    • What is toxoplasmosis?
    • What is the cause of toxoplasmosis?
    • What factors increase the risk of acquiring toxo?
    • What are the usual symptoms of toxoplasmosis?
    • Why do some people develop severe problems from toxo?
    • Can toxoplasmosis develop into a more serious illness in babies?
    • What is meant by a baby developing "a more severe case of toxo"?
    • How is toxo diagnosed in the lab?
    • How can toxoplasmosis be prevented?
    • Am I able to keep my cat?
    • Once infected with toxo, is my cat always able to spread the infection to me?
    • What is the treatment for toxoplasmosis?
    • What is the prognosis for toxoplasmosis?
  • Klinefelter Syndrome Klinefelter syndrome, also referred to as XXY condition, is a genetic disease. Klinefelter syndrome affects mostly males....learn more »
    In This Article
    Klinefelter Syndrome Article
    • Klinefelter syndrome facts*
    • What is Klinefelter syndrome?
    • What are the symptoms of the XXY condition?
    • Physical development
    • Language development
    • Social development
    • What are the treatments for the XXY condition?
  • Angelman Syndrome Angelman syndrome is a genetic disorder that results from the absence of a functional copy of the UBE3A gene inherited from the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Angelman Syndrome Article
    • Angelman syndrome facts*
    • What is Angelman syndrome?
    • What are the characteristics, signs, and symptoms of Angelman syndrome?
    • Is there any treatment for Angelman syndrome?
    • What is the prognosis for Angelman syndrome?
    • What research is being done with Angelman syndrome?
    • For more information
  • Shingles and Pregnancy Becoming infected with chickenpox during pregnancy could cause birth defects in your unborn child. Likewise, shingles could also...learn more »
    In This Article
    Shingles and Pregnancy Article
    • Shingles in pregnancy facts
    • What is shingles?
    • What do shingles look like?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of shingles?
    • How is shingles diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for shingles in pregnancy?
    • Antiviral medication to treat shingles
    • Pain medication to treat shingles
    • Antihistamine medication to treat shingles
    • What are the complications of shingles in pregnancy?
    • What is the outlook (prognosis) for shingles in pregnancy?
    • Can shingles in pregnancy be prevented?
  • Phenylketonuria Phenylketonuria (PKU) is a disorder that is inherited. PKU disorder increases the levels of phenylalanine in the blood....learn more »
    In This Article
    Phenylketonuria Article
    • What is phenylketonuria (PKU)?
    • What are the symptoms of phenylketonuria?
    • How common is phenylketonuria?
    • What genes are related to phenylketonuria?
    • How do people inherit phenylketonuria?
    • What other names do people use for phenylketonuria?
  • Learning Disabilities Learning disabilities can cause an individual to have trouble learning and using skills such as reading, listening, writing,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Learning Disabilities Article
    • What are learning disabilities?
    • How common are learning disabilities?
    • What are the signs of a learning disability?
    • What about school and learning disabilities?
    • Tips for parents of children with learning disabilities
    • Tips for teachers of children with learning disabilities
    • Is there any treatment for learning disabilities?
    • What is the prognosis for learning disabilities?
    • What research is being done for learning disabilities?
    • For more information
  • Prevention Enjoying a healthy diet helps to prevent diseases. A good diet also helps to control celiac disease, diabetes, and high blood...learn more »
    In This Article
    Prevention Article
    • Maintaining health
    • Preventing and controlling diseases
    • Vitamins and minerals to maintain health
    • Vitamin supplements to prevent diseases
    • Diets to control and/or treat diseases
  • Congenital Heart Defects Congenital heart defects are heart problems that are present at birth. Genetics may play a role in some heart defects. Symptoms...learn more »
    In This Article
    Congenital Heart Defects Article
    • Congenital heart defects facts
    • What are congenital heart defects?
    • How the heart works
    • What are the types of congenital heart defects?
    • What are other names for congenital heart defects?
    • What causes congenital heart defects?
    • What are the signs and symptoms and signs of congenital heart defects?
    • How are congential heart defects diagnosed??
    • How are congenital heart defects treated?
    • Living with a congenital heart defect
  • Spina Bifida and Anencephaly (Neural Tube Defects) Spina bifida is the most common neural tube defect in the United States. There are four types of spina bifida; 1) occulta, 2)...learn more »
    In This Article
    Spina Bifida and Anencephaly (Neural Tube Defects) Article
    • Spina bifida facts*
    • Introduction to spina bifida
    • What is spina bifida?
    • What are the different types of spina bifida?
    • What causes spina bifida?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of spina bifida?
    • What are the complications of spina bifida?
    • How is spina bifida diagnosed?
    • How is spina bifida treated?
    • Can spina bifida be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis for spina bifida?
    • What research is being done on spina bifida?
  • Cleft Palate and Cleft Lip Cleft palate and cleft lip are facial and oral defects that occur early in pregnancy. A cleft lip is a split of the two sides of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cleft Palate and Cleft Lip Article
    • Cleft lip and cleft palate facts
    • What is a cleft lip? What is a cleft palate?
    • How often do cleft lip and cleft palate occur?
    • What are the causes and risk factors for developing a cleft lip and cleft palate?
    • How do physicians diagnose a cleft lip and cleft palate?
    • What are complications of a cleft lip and cleft palate?
    • What is the treatment for a cleft lip and cleft palate?
    • What is the prognosis for a cleft lip and cleft palate?
    • Is it possible to prevent a cleft lip or cleft palate?
  • Thallium Thallium is a metal that can be found in small amounts in the soil. When thallium enters the environment through coal-burning or...learn more »
    In This Article
    Thallium Article
    • What is thallium?
    • What happens to thallium when it enters the environment?
    • How might I be exposed to thallium?
    • How can thallium affect my health?
    • How likely is thallium to cause cancer?
    • Is there a medical test to show whether I've been exposed to thallium?
    • Has the federal government made recommendations to protect human health?
    • Where can I get more information?
  • Ventricular Septal Defect A ventricular septal defect (VSD) is a congenital heart malformation. A VSD is a hole in the wall of the heart's two lower...learn more »
    In This Article
    Ventricular Septal Defect Article
    • Ventricular septal defect facts
    • What is a ventricular septal defect (VSD)?
    • How common is a VSD?
    • What is the normal design of the heart?
    • How do VSDs cause problems?
    • How is a VSD diagnosed? What are the symptoms of a VSD?
    • What if the VSD is small?
    • How is a small VSD treated?
    • What if the VSD is large?
    • How is a large VSD treated?
    • What types of surgery are available to correct a VSD?
    • What is the outlook (prognosis) after a VSD is repaired?
    • What are complications of VSD surgery?
    • What about unusual cases of VSD?
    • What are long-term precautions with VSDs?
  • Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) Consuming alcohol during pregnancy may cause fetal alcohol syndrome, a group of conditions associated with mental, growth, and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) Article
    • Fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) facts
    • What is fetal alcohol syndrome?
    • What causes fetal alcohol syndrome?
    • What are risk factors for fetal alcohol syndrome?
    • What are symptoms and signs of fetal alcohol syndrome?
    • How do physicians diagnose fetal alcohol syndrome?
    • What is the treatment for fetal alcohol syndrome?
    • What are the complications and long-term effects of fetal alcohol syndrome?
    • What is the prognosis of fetal alcohol syndrome?
    • Is it possible to prevent fetal alcohol syndrome?
    • Is it safe to consume alcohol and breastfeed?
    • Where can people find more information about fetal alcohol syndrome?
  • Face Blindness (Prosopagnosia) Face blindness (prosopagnosia) is a condition that causes the inability to recognize faces. Face blindness may be caused by...learn more »
    In This Article
    Face Blindness (Prosopagnosia) Article
    • Prosopagnosia (face blindness) facts*
    • What is prosopagnosia?
    • Is there any treatment?
    • What is the prognosis?
    • What research is being done?
  • Poland Syndrome Poland syndrome is a congenital malformation that affects one side of the body. Characteristics of Poland syndrome include the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Poland Syndrome Article
    • Poland syndrome facts
    • What is Poland syndrome?
    • Can Poland syndrome affect either side of the body?
    • How frequent is Poland syndrome?
    • What causes Poland syndrome?
    • What are the features of Poland syndrome?
    • What other defects are associated with Poland syndrome?
    • Does Poland syndrome run in families?
    • How is Poland syndrome diagnosed?
    • How is Poland syndrome treated?
    • What are the related (alternative) terms?
    • For more information
  • Branchial Cyst A branchial cyst is a congenital remnant from embryologic development that appears on the side of the neck. The cyst may develop...learn more »
    In This Article
    Branchial Cyst Article
    • What is a branchial cyst?
    • What are symptoms of a branchial cyst?
    • What are structures in the neck that can be similar to a branchial cyst?
    • How is a branchial cyst treated?
  • Genetic Counseling Your health care provider may refer you to a genetic professional. Universities and medical centers also often have affiliated...learn more »
    In This Article
    Genetic Counseling Article
    • What are genetic professionals and what do they do?
    • What is genetic counseling and evaluation?
    • How do I find a genetic professional?
    • How do I decide whether I need to see a geneticist or other specialist?
  • Loeys-Dietz Syndrome Loeys-Dietz syndrome is a syndrome is an inherited genetic syndrome characterized by aortic aneurysms in children. Children with...learn more »
    In This Article
    Loeys-Dietz Syndrome Article
    • Loeys-Dietz syndrome facts
    • What is Loeys-Dietz syndrome?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of Loeys-Dietz syndrome?
    • Is Loeys-Dietz syndrome inherited?
    • What causes Loeys-Dietz syndrome?
    • How is Loeys-Dietz syndrome diagnosed?
    • How is Loeys-Dietz syndrome treated?
  • Choledochal Cysts Choledochal cysts are cysts of the bile ducts. There are several different types of choledochal cysts. These cysts are...learn more »
    In This Article
    Choledochal Cysts Article
    • What is a choledochal cyst?
    • What are the symptoms and complications of choledochal cysts?
    • How are choledochal cysts diagnosed?
    • How are choledochal cysts treated?
  • Kidney Dysplasia Kidney dysplasia is a condition in which one or both of a baby's kidneys do not develop normally. In kidney dysplasia, cysts...learn more »
    In This Article
    Kidney Dysplasia Article
    • What is kidney dysplasia?
    • How does kidney dysplasia happen?
    • What causes kidney dysplasia?
    • What are the signs or complications of kidney dysplasia?
    • How is kidney dysplasia diagnosed?
    • How is kidney dysplasia treated?
    • What is the long-term outlook for a child with kidney dysplasia?
    • Questions to ask the doctor
    • Points to remember
  • German Measles (Rubella) German measles is a disease that's caused by a virus. Symptoms include rash and fever for two to three days. The MMR (measles,...learn more »
    In This Article
    German Measles (Rubella) Article
    • What is rubella (German measles)?
    • What are rubella symptoms and signs?
    • What are the complications of rubella?
    • How is rubella spread from person to person?
    • Can rubella be prevented with a vaccine?
    • Does my child need the rubella vaccine (MMR)?
    • As an adult, do I need the rubella vaccine (MMR)?
  • Canavan Disease Canavan disease is an inherited genetic disorder that typically causes death before 10 years of age. Signs and symptoms of the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Canavan Disease Article
    • Canavan disease facts*
    • What is Canavan disease?
    • What causes Canavan disease?
    • What are the symptoms of Canavan disease?
    • Is there any treatment for Canavan disease?
    • What is the prognosis for Canavan disease?
    • What research is being done on Canavan disease?
  • Klippel-Trenaunay-Weber Syndrome Klippel-Trènaunay-Weber (KTW) syndrome is a condition characterized by port-wine stains or birthmark malformations in the skin,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Klippel-Trenaunay-Weber Syndrome Article
    • What is Klippel-Trènaunay-Weber (KTW) syndrome?
    • What is a port-wine stain?
    • What is asymmetrical limb hypertrophy?
    • Are there other abnormalities in Klippel-Trènaunay-Weber syndrome?
    • How is intelligence affected?
    • What is the basic defect in Klippel-Trènaunay-Weber syndrome?
    • What causes Klippel-Trènaunay-Weber syndrome?
    • What is the prognosis (outlook) with Klippel-Trènaunay-Weber syndrome?
    • Why is it called Klippel-Trènaunay-Weber syndrome?
    • Alternative names for Klippel-Trènaunay-Weber (KTW) syndrome
  • Pregnancy Planning Pregnancy planning is an important step in preparation for starting or expanding a family. Planning for a pregnancy includes...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pregnancy Planning Article
    • Pregnancy planning facts
    • What is pregnancy planning?
    • What are pre-pregnancy planning goals?
    • What is a pregnancy calendar or calculator?
    • How soon can a woman start trying to conceive after stopping birth control?
    • What are dietary considerations for pregnancy planning?
    • How much weight gain is recommended in pregnancy?
    • What about alcohol consumption and pregnancy planning?
    • What infections should be avoided in pregnancy?
    • Should I exercise when pregnant?
    • Is it safe to have sexual intercourse during pregnancy?
    • Is air travel safe for pregnant women?
    • Do medications need to be stopped when planning pregnancy or when a woman becomes pregnant?
  • 1p36 Deletion Syndrome 1p36 deletion syndrome is a genetic disorder that causes severe intellectual disability. Characteristics of 1p36 deletion sndrome...learn more »
    In This Article
    1p36 Deletion Syndrome Article
    • 1p36 deletion syndrome facts
    • What is and what causes 1p36 deletion syndrome?
    • What are the characteristics, signs, and symptoms of 1p36 deletion syndrome?
    • What is the treatment for 1p36 deletion syndrome?
    • What is the prognosis and life expectancy for 1p36 deletion syndrome?
    • Conclusion
  • Pendred Syndrome Pendred syndrome, a genetic disorder that causes hearing loss. Generally, the hearing loss is affected in early childhood....learn more »
    In This Article
    Pendred Syndrome Article
    • What is Pendred syndrome?
    • How does Pendred syndrome affect other parts of the body?
    • What causes Pendred syndrome?
    • How is Pendred syndrome diagnosed?
    • How common is Pendred syndrome?
    • Can Pendred syndrome be treated?
    • What research is being conducted?
  • Urine Blockage in Newborns There are many syndromes and defects that may cause urine blockage in newborns. Defects in the urinary tract that may cause urine...learn more »
    In This Article
    Urine Blockage in Newborns Article
    • What are the types of defects in the urinary tract?
    • What syndromes may affect the urinary tract?
    • How are problems and birth defects of the urinary tract diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for urine blockage in newborns?
    • What research is being done on urine blockage in newborns?
    • Where can people find more information on urine blockage in newborns?
  • Pregnancy and Drugs (Prescription and OTC) Taking prescription medications or over-the-counter drugs or supplements should be discussed with your doctor. There are some...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pregnancy and Drugs (Prescription and OTC) Article
    • Is it safe to use medicine while I am pregnant?
    • How should I decide whether to use a medicine while I am pregnant?
    • Where do doctors and nurses find out about using medicines during pregnancy?
    • How do prescription and over-the-counter (OTC) medicine labels help my doctor choose the right medicine for me when I am pregnant?
    • What if I'm thinking about getting pregnant?
    • Is it safe to use medicine while I am trying to become pregnant?
    • What if I get sick and need to use medicine while I am pregnant?
    • I have a health problem. Should I stop using my medicine while I am pregnant?
    • Are vitamins safe for me while I am pregnant?
    • Are herbal remedies or natural products safe for me when I am pregnant?
    • In the future, will there be better ways to know if medicines are safe to use during pregnancy?
    • For more information
  • Cleidocranial Dysplasia Cleidocranial dysplasia is a genetic condition. Cleidocranial dysplasia is also referred to as cleidocranial dysostosis and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cleidocranial Dysplasia Article
    • What is cleidocranial dysplasia?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of cleidocranial dysplasia?
    • How common is cleidocranial dysplasia?
    • What genes are related to cleidocranial dysplasia?
    • How do people inherit cleidocranial dysplasia?
    • Where can I find information about treatment for cleidocranial dysplasia?
    • What other names do people use for cleidocranial dysplasia?
  • Caregiving Most often, caregivers take care of other adults who are ill or disabled. Less often, caregivers are grandparents raising their...learn more »
    In This Article
    Caregiving Article
    • What is a caregiver?
    • Who are our nation's caregivers?
    • What is caregiver stress?
    • How can I tell if caregiving is putting too much stress on me?
    • What can I do to prevent stress or relieve stress?
    • What is respite care?
    • What is the National Family Caregiver Support Program (NFCSP)?
    • How can I find out about caregiving resources in my community?
    • What kind of caregiver services can I find in my community?
    • What kind of home care help is available?
    • How will I pay for home health care?
    • Who is eligible for Medicare home health care services?
    • Will Medicaid help pay for home health care?
    • For more information
  • Methemoglobinemia (Beta-Globin Type) Methemoglobinemia (beta-globin type) is an inherited genetic disorder characterized by an atypical form of hemoglobin that is...learn more »
    In This Article
    Methemoglobinemia (Beta-Globin Type) Article
    • What is methemoglobinemia, beta-globin type?
    • How common is methemoglobinemia, beta-globin type?
    • What genes are related to methemoglobinemia, beta-globin type?
    • How do people inherit methemoglobinemia, beta-globin type?
    • What other names do people use for methemoglobinemia, beta-globin type?
  • Rothmund-Thomson Syndrome Rothmund-Thomson syndrome is a rare genetic. The signs and symptoms of Rothmund-Thomson syndrome include a redness on the cheeks...learn more »
    In This Article
    Rothmund-Thomson Syndrome Article
    • What is Rothmund-Thomson syndrome (RTS)?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of Rothmund-Thomson syndrome?
    • How common is Rothmund-Thomson syndrome?
    • What genes are related to Rothmund-Thomson syndrome?
    • How do people inherit Rothmund-Thomson syndrome?
    • What other names do people use for Rothmund-Thomson syndrome?
    • Where can I find information about treatment for Rothmund-Thomson syndrome?