Birth defects facts*
*Birth defects facts by John P. Cunha, DO, FACOE
What are birth defects?
Birth defects are structural or functional abnormalities present at birth that cause physical or mental disability. Some may be fatal.
Researchers have identified thousands of different birth defects. Currently, birth defects are the leading cause of death for infants during the first year of life.
What causes birth defects?
Birth defects have a variety of causes, such as:
Genetic problems caused when one or more genes doesn't work properly or part of a gene is missing
Problems with chromosomes, such as having an extra chromosome or missing part of a chromosome
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 4/15/2014
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