Table of Contents
- Birth control facts
- How does birth control work?
- How long does it take for birth control to begin working?
- Can you get pregnant on birth control?
- What are the different types of birth control available?
- 1. What are hormonal birth control options (including oral contraceptives pills)?
- 2. What are barrier methods of birth control (including condoms)?
- 3. What about surgical sterilization (tubal ligation or vasectomy) for birth control?
- 4. What are natural birth control options?
- 5. What is emergency contraception?
- 6. What are IUDs (intrauterine devices)
Birth Control Types
Doctor's View on Birth Control Types
Birth control can be permanent or temporary. The woman and her partner, taking into consideration the ease of use, side effects, costs, and effectiveness of each method, must weigh the pros and cons of various birth control types.
- Reversible methods of birth control
- Permanent methods of birth control
- Emergency contraception
Quick GuideChoosing Your Birth Control Method
Birth control facts
- Birth control methods can be broadly classified into barrier methods (that prevent sperm cells from reaching the egg), methods that prevent ovulation such as the pill, and methods that allow fertilization of the egg but prevent implantation of the fertilized egg inside the uterus (womb) such as the IUD.
- Condoms and diaphragms are examples of barrier birth control methods.
- Birth control pills are an example of a hormonal birth control method that prevents ovulation.
- The decision about what kind of birth control option to use is extremely personal, and there is no single choice that is safest or best for all women or couples.
- A woman should carefully weigh the risks and benefits, along with the effectiveness of each method before choosing a birth control method. A thorough and open discussion with a health care-professional can help in this decision process.
- Different forms of birth control have different side effects and risk profiles.
- The choice of birth control method depends on many factors, such as the desire for reversible birth control (preserving future fertility) or permanent birth control methods (surgical sterilization). Some birth control methods, such as barrier methods, may offer some protection against sexually-transmitted diseases (STDs), while most methods do not.
- No method of birth control is 100% effective in preventing STDs.
- Some birth control methods have higher success rates than others, but no method of birth control is 100% effective in every case. Continue Reading
womenshealth.gov. Birth control methods fact sheet.
CDC.gov. Unintended pregnancy prevention.
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