Bipolar Disorder (Mania)

  • Medical Author:
    Roxanne Dryden-Edwards, MD

    Dr. Roxanne Dryden-Edwards is an adult, child, and adolescent psychiatrist. She is a former Chair of the Committee on Developmental Disabilities for the American Psychiatric Association, Assistant Professor of Psychiatry at Johns Hopkins Hospital in Baltimore, Maryland, and Medical Director of the National Center for Children and Families in Bethesda, Maryland.

  • Medical Editor: Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD
    Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD

    Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD

    Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD, is a U.S. board-certified Anatomic Pathologist with subspecialty training in the fields of Experimental and Molecular Pathology. Dr. Stöppler's educational background includes a BA with Highest Distinction from the University of Virginia and an MD from the University of North Carolina. She completed residency training in Anatomic Pathology at Georgetown University followed by subspecialty fellowship training in molecular diagnostics and experimental pathology.

View the Bipolar Disorder Overview Slideshow Pictures

Quick GuideBipolar Disorder Overview Pictures Slideshow

Bipolar Disorder Overview Pictures Slideshow

Where can people find support to help them or someone they know cope with bipolar disorder?

Depression and Bipolar Support Alliance (DBSA)
730 N. Franklin Street, Suite 501
Chicago, Illinois
60654-7225
Toll-free: 800-826-3632
Fax: 312-642-7243

Harbor of Refuge
http://harbor-of-refuge.org

Medically reviewed by Marina Katz, MD; American Board of Psychiatry & Neurology

REFERENCES:

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Altshuler, L.L., R.W. Kupka, G. Hellemann, et al. "Gender and depressive symptoms in 711 patients with bipolar disorder evaluated prospectively in the Stanley foundation bipolar treatment outcome network." American Journal of Psychiatry 167 (2010): 708-715.

American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition, Treatment Revision. Washington, D.C.: American Psychiatric Publishing, Inc., 2013.

Andreescu, C., B.H. Mulsant, and J.E. Emanuel. "Complementary and alternative medicine in the treatment of bipolar disorder – A review of the evidence." Journal of Affective Disorders 110.1 Sept. 2008: 16-26.

Birmaher, B., D. Axelson, B. Goldstein, et al. "Four-Year Longitudinal Course of Children and Adolescents With Bipolar Spectrum Disorders: The Course and Outcome of Bipolar Youth (COBY) Study." American Journal of Psychiatry 166 (2009): 795-804.

Carter, G., D.M. Reith, I.M. Whyte, and M. McPherson. "Repeated Self-Poisoning: Increasing Severity of Self-Harm as a Predictor of Subsequent Suicide." The British Journal of Psychiatry 186 (2005): 253-257.

Chou, J.C.Y. "Treatment-Resistant Bipolar Disorder: A Review of Psychotherapeutic Approaches." Psychiatric Times 26.8 July 2009.

Cohen, L.S. "Treatment of Bipolar Disorder During Pregnancy." Journal of Clinical Psychiatry 68.9 (2007): 4-9.

Frank, E., I. Soreca, H.A. Swartz, et al. "The Role of Interpersonal and Social Rhythm Therapy in Improving Occupational Functioning in Patients With Bipolar Disorder." American Journal of Psychiatry 165 (2008): 1559-1565.

Geller, B., R. Tillman, K. Bolhofner, and B. Zimmerman. "Child Bipolar I Disorder: Prospective Continuity With Adult Bipolar I Disorder; Characteristics of Second and Third Episodes; Predictors of 8-Year Outcome." Archives of General Psychiatry 65.10 Oct. 2008: 1125-1133.

Gentile, S. "Antipsychotic Therapy During Early and Late Pregnancy. A Systemic Review." Schizophrenia Bulletin 36.3 Sept. 11, 2008. New York: Oxford University Press, 2008.

Ghaemi, S.N. "Treatment of rapid-cycling bipolar disorder: Are antidepressants mood destabilizers?" American Journal of Psychiatry 165 (2008): 300-302.

Hirschfeld, R.M.A. Practice Guideline for the Treatment of Patients With Bipolar Disorder. Arlington: American Psychiatric Association, 2005.

Hirschfeld, R.M.A, A.R. Cass, D.C. Holt, and C.A. Carlson. "Screening for Bipolar Disorder in Patients Treated for Depression in a Family Medicine Clinic." The Journal of the American Board of Family Practice 18 (2005): 233-239.

Keaton, D., N. Lamkin, K.A. Cassidy, et al. "Utilization of Herbal and Nutritional Compounds Among Older Adults With Bipolar Disorder and With Major Depression." International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry 24 (2009): 1087-1093.

Kennedy, N., J. Boydell, S. Kalidindi, et al. "Gender Differences in Incidence and Age at Onset of Mania and Bipolar Disorder Over a 35 Year Period in Camberwell, England." American Journal of Psychiatry 162 Feb. 2005: 257-262.

Kennedy, N., P. Fearon, J. Kirkbride, et al. "Incidence of Bipolar Affective Disorder in Three UK Cities." The British Journal of Psychiatry 186 (2005): 126-131.

Kucyi, A., M.T. Alsuwaidan, S.S. Liauw, and R.S. McIntyre. "Aerobic physical exercise as a possible treatment for neurocognitive dysfunction in bipolar disorder." Postgraduate Medicine 122.6 Nov. 2010: 107-116.

Lee, S., A. Tsang, R.C. Kessler, et al. "Rapid-cycling bipolar disorder: cross-national community study." The British Journal of Psychiatry 196 (2010): 217-225.

MacCabe, J.H., M.P. Lambe, S. Cnattingius, et al. "Excellent School Performance at Age 16 and Risk of Adult Bipolar Disorder: National Cohort Study." The British Journal of Psychiatry 196 (2010): 109-115.

Marazziti, D., and B. Dell'Osso. "Topiramate Plus Citalopram in the Treatment of Compulsive-Impulsive Sexual Behaviors." Clinical Practice and Epidemiological Mental Health 2 (2006): 9.

Meyer, I.H. "Prejudice, Social Stress, and Mental Health in Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Populations: Conceptual Issues and Research Evidence." Psychological Bulletin 129.5 Sept. 2003: 674-697.

Miklowitz, D.J., and K.D. Chang. "Prevention of Bipolar Disorder in At-Risk Children: Theoretical Assumptions and Empirical Foundations." Developmental Psychopathology 20.3 (2008): 881-897.

Neves, F.S., L.F. Malloy-Diniz, and H. Correa. "Suicidal Behavior in Bipolar Disorder: What Is the Influence of Psychiatric Comorbidities?" Journal of Clinical Psychiatry 70.1 Jan. 2009: 13-18.

Porter, R. Madness : A Brief History. New York: Oxford University Press, 2002.

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Sagman, D., and M. Tohen. "Comorbidity in Bipolar Disorder: The Complexity of Diagnosis and Treatment." Psychiatric Times 26.4 Mar. 2009.

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Taylor, M., R.A. Bressan, P.P. Neto, and E. Brietzke. "Early intervention for bipolar disorder: current imperatives, future directions." Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria 33(suppl II) (2011): S197-S204.

Tohen, M., K.N.R. Chengappa, and T. Suppes. "Relapse prevention in Bipolar I Disorder: 18-Month Comparison of Olanzapine Plus Mood Stabilizer v. Mood Stabilizer Alone." The British Journal of Psychiatry 184 (2004): 337-345.

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Wagner, K.D., R.A. Kowatch, G.J. Emslie, et al. "A Double-Blind, Randomized, Placebo-Controlled Trial of Oxcarbazepine in the Treatment of Bipolar Disorder in Children and Adolescents." American Journal of Psychiatry 163 July 2006: 1179-1186.

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 3/8/2016

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