Bioterrorism Related Diseases & Conditions

Medical conditions are often related to other diseases and conditions. Our doctors have compiled a list of ailments related to the topic of Bioterrorism. These conditions may be a cause or symptom of Bioterrorism or be a condition for which you may be at increased risk.

  • Dengue Fever Dengue fever is contracted from the bite of a striped Aedes aegypti mosquito. Symptoms of dengue include headache, fever,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Dengue Fever Article
    • Dengue fever facts
    • What is dengue fever?
    • What geographic areas are at high risk for contracting dengue fever?
    • How is dengue fever contracted?
    • What are dengue fever symptoms and signs?
    • How is dengue fever diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for dengue fever?
    • What is the prognosis for typical dengue fever?
    • What is dengue hemorrhagic fever?
    • How can dengue fever be prevented?
    • Where can people get more information on dengue fever?
  • E. coli (0157:H7) There are many types of E. coli (Escherichia coli ). Pathogenic E. coli can cause urinary tract and bladder infections, or lead...learn more »
    In This Article
    E. coli (0157:H7) Article
    • E. coli Facts
    • What is E. coli?
    • What is E. coli 0157:H7?
    • Is E. coli 0157:H7 contagious?
    • What are the symptoms of E. coli 0157:H7 infections?
    • How is a E. coli 0157:H7 infection diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for E. coli 0157:H7?
    • What are the complications of infection with E. coli 0157:H7?
    • How do people contract E. coli 0157:H7 infections?
    • E. coli 0157:H7 and prevention of outbreaks
    • Other enterohemorrhagic E. coli strains (for example, 0145, 026:H11, 0104:H4 and 0121)
  • Meningitis Encephalitis is a brain inflammation that causes sudden fever, vomiting, headache, light sensitivity, stiff neck and back,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Meningitis Article
    • Encephalitis and meningitis facts
    • What is encephalitis?
    • What causes encephalitis?
    • What are encephalitis symptoms and signs?
    • What is meningitis?
    • What causes meningitis?
    • What are meningitis symptoms and signs?
    • What is encephalomyelitis?
    • How are encephalitis and meningitis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment of encephalitis and meningitis?
    • What is the prognosis (outlook) for patients with encephalitis or meningitis?
    • Is meningitis contagious?
    • Can meningitis be prevented?
  • Cholera Cholera is an infectious disease characterized by intense vomiting and profuse watery diarrhea and that rapidly lease to...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cholera Article
    • Cholera facts
    • What is cholera?
    • What are cholera symptoms and signs?
    • What causes cholera, and how is cholera transmitted?
    • What is the history of cholera?
    • Who is at risk for cholera, and where do cholera outbreaks occur?
    • How is cholera diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for cholera?
    • What is the prognosis of cholera?
    • Can cholera be prevented? Are cholera vaccines available?
    • Where can people find more information about cholera?
  • Arsenic Poisoning Arsenic comes in two forms, inorganic and organic. Organic arsenic poisoning is usually not poisonous to humans; however,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Arsenic Poisoning Article
    • Arsenic facts
    • What is arsenic?
    • What is inorganic arsenic?
    • What is organic arsenic?
    • What are the symptoms of arsenic poisoning?
    • How is arsenic poisoning diagnosed?
    • How is arsenic poisoning treated?
    • What is the prognosis (outcome) of arsenic poisoning?
    • What foods (rice), products (apple juice) , or liquids (water) is arsenic found in, where it is used, and what are safe limits?
  • Botulism Botulism is an illness caused by a neurotoxin produced by the bacterium Clostridium botulinum. There are three types of botulism:...learn more »
    In This Article
    Botulism Article
    • Botulism facts
    • What is botulism?
    • What causes botulism?
    • How many kinds of botulism are there?
    • How serious is botulism?
    • How does botulism neurotoxin affect the body?
    • What kind of organism is Clostridium botulinum?
    • How common is botulism?
    • What are botulism symptoms and signs?
    • How soon do symptoms appear?
    • How is botulism diagnosed?
    • How is botulism treated?
    • What are complications from botulism?
    • What is the prognosis (outcome) of people with botulism?
    • Can botulism be prevented?
    • Is botulism neurotoxin really considered to be a potential biological weapon?
    • Why are botulism neurotoxins used as cosmetic treatments or treatments for some medical conditions?
  • Cryptosporidiosis Cryptosporidiosis is an intestinal disease caused by the Cryptosporidium parasite. Symptoms include watery diarrhea, stomach...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cryptosporidiosis Article
    • What is cryptosporidiosis?
    • How is cryptosporidiosis spread?
    • What are the symptoms of cryptosporidiosis?
    • What is the incubation period for cryptosporidiosis infection?
    • How long will symptoms last?
    • Who is most at risk for cryptosporidiosis?
    • Who is most at risk for getting seriously ill with cryptosporidiosis?
    • What should I do if I think I may have cryptosporidiosis?
    • How is cryptosporidiosis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for cryptosporidiosis?
    • If I have been diagnosed with Crypto, should I worry about spreading the infection to others?
  • Shigella Shigellosis is a disease caused by the Shigella bacteria. Bloody diarrhea, stomach cramps and fever are common symptoms. Mild...learn more »
    In This Article
    Shigella Article
    • Shingellosis facts*
    • What is shigellosis? What causes shigellosis?
    • What sort of germ is Shigella?
    • How can Shigella infections be diagnosed?
    • How can Shigella infections be treated?
    • Are there long term consequences of a Shigella infection?
    • How do people catch Shigella?
    • What can a person do to prevent this illness?
    • How common is shigellosis?
    • What else can be done to prevent shigellosis?
    • What is the government doing about shigellosis?
    • How can I learn more about this and other public health problems?
    • Some tips for preventing the spread of shigellosis
  • Anthrax Anthrax is a deadly infectious disease that may be transmitted to humans by infected animals or by biological warfare. There are...learn more »
    In This Article
    Anthrax Article
    • Anthrax facts
    • What is anthrax?
    • What causes anthrax?
    • How is anthrax contracted?
    • How common is anthrax?
    • How long is the incubation period with anthrax?
    • What kinds of diseases does anthrax cause?
    • How is the diagnosis made of anthrax?
    • How is anthrax treated?
    • How can anthrax be prevented?
  • Flu (Influenza) Influenza (flu) is a respiratory illness caused by a virus. Flu symptoms include fever, cough, sore throat, runny nose, headache,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Flu (Influenza) Article
    • Flu (influenza, conventional, and H1N1) facts
    • What is influenza?
    • What are the causes of the flu?
    • What are flu symptoms in adults and in children?
    • How is the flu diagnosed?
    • What is the key to flu prevention?
    • Are there any flu shot or nasal spray vaccine side effects in adults or in children?
    • Why should the influenza vaccine be taken every year?
    • What are some treatments an individual can do at home for the flu?
    • When should a person go to the emergency department for the flu?
    • Who should receive the flu vaccine, and who has the highest risk factors? When should someone get the flu shot?
    • What is the prognosis (outlook) and complications for patients who get the flu?
    • What is the bird (avian) flu?
    • Do antiviral agents protect people from the flu?
    • Is it safe to get a flu shot that contains thimerosal?
    • Where can I find additional information about the flu?
  • Typhus Typhus is a disease caused by Rickettsia bacteria. Symptoms and signs include fever, headache, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Typhus Article
    • Typhus facts
    • What is typhus? Are there different types of typhus?
    • What is the history of typhus?
    • What causes typhus? How is typhus transmitted?
    • What are typhus risk factors?
    • What are typhus symptoms and signs?
    • How is typhus diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for typhus?
    • What is the prognosis of typhus?
    • Can typhus be prevented?
    • Where can people get more information about typhus?
  • Tularemia Tularemia (rabbit fever) is an infection caused by the Francisella tularensis bacteria. People can become infected with tularemia...learn more »
    In This Article
    Tularemia Article
    • Tularemia facts
    • What is tularemia?
    • What are the different types of tularemia?
    • What causes tularemia?
    • What are symptoms and signs of tularemia?
    • How is tularemia diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for tularemia?
    • Tularemia and bioterrorism
    • Is there a vaccine for tularemia?
    • Where can people find more information about tularemia?
  • Ricin Ricin is a biological toxin that can be made from processing castor beans. Symptoms of ricin poisoning include fever, cough,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Ricin Article
    • What is ricin?
    • Where is ricin found, and how is it used?
    • How are people exposed to ricin?
    • How does ricin work?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of ricin exposure?
    • How do authorities confirm cases of suspected ricin poisonning?
    • What is the treatment for ricin poisoning?
    • How can people protect themselves? What should someone do if they are exposed to ricin?
    • For more information
  • Smallpox Smallpox is a disease caused by the variola virus. Symptoms and signs include a characteristic rash and high fever. Treatment...learn more »
    In This Article
    Smallpox Article
    • Smallpox facts
    • What is smallpox?
    • What is the history of smallpox?
    • What causes smallpox?
    • How is smallpox transmitted?
    • What are smallpox symptoms and signs?
    • How is smallpox diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for smallpox?
    • Can smallpox be prevented with a vaccine?
    • What is the prognosis for smallpox, and what are complications of smallpox?
    • Where can people find more information on smallpox?
  • Thallium Thallium is a metal that can be found in small amounts in the soil. When thallium enters the environment through coal-burning or...learn more »
    In This Article
    Thallium Article
    • What is thallium?
    • What happens to thallium when it enters the environment?
    • How might I be exposed to thallium?
    • How can thallium affect my health?
    • How likely is thallium to cause cancer?
    • Is there a medical test to show whether I've been exposed to thallium?
    • Has the federal government made recommendations to protect human health?
    • Where can I get more information?
  • Salmonella Salmonella infection (salmonellosis) is typically caused by the consumption of contaminated foods. Symptoms of salmonellosis...learn more »
    In This Article
    Salmonella Article
    • Salmonella food poisoning facts
    • What is Salmonella food poisoning?
    • What causes Salmonella food poisoning?
    • What are risk factors for Salmonella food poisoning?
    • What are symptoms and signs of Salmonella poisoning?
    • How do physicians diagnose Salmonella food poisoning?
    • What is the treatment for Salmonella food poisoning?
    • What are complications of Salmonella food poisoning?
    • What is the prognosis of Salmonella food poisoning?
    • Is it possible to prevent Salmonella food poisoning?
  • Melioidosis Melioidosis (Whitmore's disease) is an infectious disease caused by Burkholderia pseudomallei bacteria. Symptoms include...learn more »
    In This Article
    Melioidosis Article
    • Melioidosis facts
    • What is melioidosis? What causes melioidosis?
    • Where does melioidosis occur?
    • What are symptoms of melioidosis?
    • How is melioidosis diagnosed?
    • How is melioidosis treated?
    • Can melioidosis be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis for melioidosis?
  • Extensively Drug-Resistant Tuberculosis (XDR TB) Extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis (XDR TB) is a rare form of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR TB) that's transmitted...learn more »
    In This Article
    Extensively Drug-Resistant Tuberculosis (XDR TB) Article
    • What is XDR TB?
    • How is XDR TB spread?
    • Why is XDR TB so serious?
    • Who is at risk for getting XDR TB?
    • How can I prevent myself from getting TB?
    • Can the TB vaccine (BCG) help prevent XDR TB?
    • If I have regular (drug-susceptible) TB, how can I prevent getting drug-resistant TB?
    • Can XDR TB be treated and cured?
    • What are the symptoms of XDR TB?
    • What should I do if I have been around someone who has XDR TB?
    • How long does it take to find out if you have XDR TB?
    • Is XDR TB a problem in the United States?
    • How many cases of XDR TB have been reported in the United States?
    • Is it safe to travel where cases of XDR TB have been reported?
    • What can health care providers do to prevent XDR TB?
    • Are immigrants putting the U.S. at increased risk for TB?
    • Why haven't we heard about XDR TB before now?
    • What is CDC doing to prevent XDR TB from becoming a bigger problem?
  • Plague (Black Death) Plague is an infectious disease caused by the bacteria Yersinia pestis. Transmission to humans occurs via fleas that have bitten...learn more »
    In This Article
    Plague (Black Death) Article
    • Plague (Black Death) facts
    • What is plague? What is the history of plague?
    • What causes plague?
    • What are risk factors for plague?
    • What are plague symptoms and signs?
    • How do physicians diagnose plague?
    • What is the treatment for plague?
    • What is the prognosis of plague?
    • Is it possible to prevent plague?
    • What are modern concerns about plague?
  • Q Fever Q fever is a highly infectious disease that causes high fever, diarrhea, cough, and sweating. Infected animals may transmit Q...learn more »
    In This Article
    Q Fever Article
    • Q fever facts
    • What is Q fever?
    • Where does the name Q fever come from? What causes Q fever?
    • How does Q fever spread?
    • Who is at risk for getting Q fever?
    • Are there different forms of Q fever?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of Q fever?
    • How do physicians diagnose Q fever?
    • Is Q fever deadly?
    • Is Q fever contagious?
    • What is the danger of getting Q fever while pregnant?
    • What complications may arise with Q fever?
    • What is the prognosis for Q fever?
    • If it is not Q fever, what else could it be?
    • What should people do if they have been exposed to Q fever?
    • Is there any treatment for Q fever?
    • Is there a vaccine against Q fever?
    • Is Q fever a bioterrorism threat?
    • Where can people find more information about Q fever?
  • Brucellosis The bacteria Brucella causes brucellosis, an infectious zoonotic disease in humans. Symptoms and signs include fatigue, fever,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Brucellosis Article
    • Brucellosis facts
    • What is brucellosis?
    • What is the history of brucellosis?
    • What are causes of brucellosis?
    • What are risk factors for brucellosis?
    • How does brucellosis spread to humans?
    • What are symptoms and signs of brucellosis?
    • How do physicians diagnose brucellosis?
    • What are brucellosis treatments?
    • What is the prognosis of brucellosis?
    • Is it possible to prevent brucellosis? Is there a brucellosis vaccine?