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- What is a biologic drug (biologics)?
- What are the medical uses for biologics?
- What are the side effects of biologics?
- What preparations are available for biologics?
- Which drugs or supplements interact with biologics?
- Are biologics safe to use during pregnancy or while breastfeeding?
- What brand and generic names are available for biologics?
What is a biologic drug (biologics)?
- A biologic drug (biologics) is a product that is produced from living organisms or contain components of living organisms.
- Biologic drugs include a wide variety of products derived from human, animal, or microorganisms by using biotechnology.
- Types of biologic drugs include vaccines, blood, blood components, cells, allergens, genes, tissues, and recombinant proteins.
- Biologic products may contain proteins that control the action of other proteins and cellular processes, genes that control production of vital proteins, modified human hormones, or cells that produce substances that suppress or activate components of the immune system.
- Biologic drugs are sometimes referred to as biologic response modifiers because they change the manner of operation of natural biologic intracellular and cellular actions.
What are the medical uses for biologics?
Biologic drugs are used for treatment of numerous diseases and conditions, and are the most advanced therapies available. Some biologic drugs are used for the treatment of Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis, rheumatoid arthritis, and other autoimmune diseases. Available biologics have revolutionized cancer treatment, delayed or reversed the course of immune related conditions, changed the lives of people with rare diseases, and have offered hope for many patients who previously had no effective treatment options for their condition.
Examples of medical uses for biologic drugs include:
- Various cancers
- Rheumatoid arthritis (RA)
- Ankylosing spondylitis
- Crohn's disease
- Ulcerative colitis
- Multiple sclerosis (MS)
- Heart attack
- Systemic lupus erythematous
- Age-related macular degeneration
- Diabetic retinopathy
- Prevention of pneumonia
- Chronic migraine
- Hepatitis B
- Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) prophylaxis
- HPV prevention
- Varicella virus vaccine
- Growth hormone deficiency
- Allergic asthma
- Chronic idiopathic urticaria
- Prevention of meningococcal disease
- Cystic fibrosis
- Paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria
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