Binge Eating Disorder (cont.)

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What are complications and prognosis of binge eating disorder?

People with binge eating disorder seem to be at higher risk of developing high blood pressure, type II diabetes, and abnormal cholesterol levels compared to similar-weight individuals without this eating disorder.

After about six years, a little more than half of individuals with binge eating disorder who have received intensive treatment have been found to have some significant resolution of symptoms, while about one-third have only intermediate outcome, about 6% have poor outcome, and 1% may die during that period of time. However, it is important to note that the prognosis of binge eating disorder seems to be quite changeable over time.

Can binge eating disorder be prevented?

Teaching teens and adults about resisting societal pressure toward thinness, understanding what determines body weight, the negative effects of eating disorders, and encouraging good self-esteem, stress management, healthy weight control, and acceptance of their body have been found to be helpful in the prevention of eating disorders.

Where can people get more information on binge eating disorder?

Eating Disorders Anonymous
http://www.eatingdisordersanonymous.org

Overeaters Anonymous (OA): OA World Service Organization
http://www.oa.org

Medically reviewed by Marina Katz, MD; American Board of Psychiatry & Neurology

REFERENCES:

American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th Edition, Text Revision. Washington, D.C.: American Psychiatric Association, 2000.

American Psychiatric Association. Practice Guideline for the Treatment of Patients With Eating Disorders, 3rd Edition. Washington, D.C.: American Psychiatric Association, May 2006.

Bulik, C.M., K.A. Brownley, and J.R. Shapiro. "Diagnosis and Management of Binge Eating Disorder." World Psychiatry 6.3 Oct. 2007: 142-148.

Davis, C., and J.C. Carter. "Compulsive Overeating as an Addiction Disorder: A Review of Theory and Evidence." Appetite 53.1 Aug. 2009: 1-8.

Fairburn, C.G., H.A. Doll, S.L. Welch, et al. "Risk Factors for Binge Eating Disorder: A Community-Based, Case-Control Study." Archives of General Psychiatry 55.5 May 1998: 425-432.

Hudson, J.I., J.K. Lalonde, C.E. Coit, et al. "Longitudinal Study of the Diagnosis of Components of the Metabolic Syndrome in Individuals With Binge-Eating Disorder." American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 91.6 June 2010: 1568-1573.

McElroy, S.L., L.M. Arnold, N.A. Shapira, et al. "Topiramate in the Treatment of Binge Eating Disorder Associated With Obesity: A Randomized, Placebo-Controlled Trial." American Journal of Psychiatry 160 Feb. 2003: 2.

Mirch, M.C., J.R. McDuffie, S.Z. Yanovski, et al. "Effects of Binge Eating on Satiation, Satiety, and Energy Intake of Overweight Children." American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 84.4 Oct. 2006: 732-738.

Pope, H.G., J.K. Lalonde, L.J. Pindyck, et al. "Binge Eating Disorder: A Stable Syndrome." American Journal of Psychiatry 163 Dec. 2006: 2181-2183.

Stice, E., H. Shaw, E. Burton, and W. Wade. "Dissonance and Healthy Weight Eating Disorder Prevention Programs: A Randomized Efficacy Trial." Journal of Consulting Clinical Psychology 74.2 Apr. 2006: 263-275.

Striegel-Moore, R.H., F.A. Dohm, K.M. Pike, et al. "Abuse, Bullying, and Discrimination as Risk Factors for Binge Eating Disorder." American Journal of Psychiatry 159 Nov. 2002: 1902-1907.

Sundgot-Borgen, J., and M.K. Torstveit. "Prevalence of Eating Disorders in Elite Athletes Is Higher Than in the General Population." Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine 14.1 Jan. 2004: 25-32.

Yager, J. "Binge Eating Disorder: The Search for Better Treatments." American Journal of Psychiatry 165 Jan. 2008: 4-6.


Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 4/11/2014

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