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- What is bile duct cancer (cholangiocarcinoma)? What are causes and risk factors for bile duct cancer?
- What are bile duct cancer symptoms and signs?
- How is bile duct cancer diagnosed?
- What is the treatment for bile duct cancer?
- What is the prognosis for bile duct cancer? What is the life expectancy for bile duct cancer?
- Can bile duct cancer be prevented?
- What are the statistics for bile duct cancer?
Can bile duct cancer be prevented?
Since the cause of bile duct cancer is uncertain, specific methods of prevention do not exist. However, preventing liver inflammation and cirrhosis may decrease the risk of developing this cancer. This includes moderating the use of alcohol, being vaccinated for the hepatitis B virus, and abstaining from risky behaviors that might cause infection with hepatitis C.
As with all diseases that tend to develop at an older age, living a healthy lifestyle may extend lifespan as well. This includes not smoking, eating a balanced diet, keeping physically active, and maintaining a healthy weight.
What are the statistics for bile duct cancer?
There are approximately 2,000 to 3,000 new cases of bile duct cancer diagnosed each year in the United States or 1 case per 100,000 people.
In patients who have bile duct cancer located in the liver hilum, 40% to 60% of patients undergo surgery that completely removes the tumor and the average survival is 24 months. For patients with tumor in the same location, but cannot be completely removed, average survival is 21 months.
Keane, M.G. and S.P. Pereira. “Improving detection and treatment of liver cancer.” Practitioner. 257.1763 (2013): 21-26.