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- What are benzodiazepines and for what conditions are they prescribed?
- What are examples of benzodiazepines available in the US?
- What are the side effects of benzodiazepines?
- What drugs interact with benzodiazepines?
- What formulations of benzodiazepines are available?
- What about taking benzodiazepines during pregnancy or while breastfeeding?
What are benzodiazepines and for what conditions are they prescribed?
Benzodiazepines are man-made medications that cause mild to severe depression of the nerves within the brain (central nervous system) and sedation (drowsiness). Adult men and women use benzodiazepines to treat:
Benzodiazepines also are used for sedation during surgery.
Benzodiazepine medications are habit forming and can lead to dependence (addiction). Long-term use also can lead to tolerance, which means that lower doses will become ineffective and patients will need higher doses. Benzodiazepines are abused to get 'high' due to their effects on the brain.
What are examples of benzodiazepines available in the US?
Examples of oral benzodiazepines are:
- alprazolam (Xanax, Xanax XR)
- clobazam (Onfi)
- clonazepam (Klonopin)
- clorazepate (Tranxene, Tranxene SD)
- chlordiazepoxide (Librium)
- diazepam (Valium, Diastat Acudial, Diastat)
- estazolam (Prosom is a discontinued brand in the US)
- lorazepam (Ativan)
- oxazepam (Serax is a discontinued brand in the US)
- temazepam (Restoril)
- triazolam (Halcion)
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