Oral Benzodiazepines

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What are benzodiazepines and for what conditions are they prescribed?

Benzodiazepines are man-made medications that cause mild to severe depression of the nerves within the brain (central nervous system) and sedation (drowsiness). Most adult men and women use benzodiazepines to treat

Benzodiazepine medications are habit forming and can lead to dependence (addiction). Long-term use also can lead to tolerance, which means that lower doses will become ineffective and patients will need higher doses. Benzodiazepines are abused to get 'high' due to their effects on the brain.

What are examples of benzodiazepines available in the US?

Examples of oral benzodiazepines are

What are the side effects of benzodiazepines?

Common side effects of benzodiazepines are:

What drugs interact with benzodiazepines?

Medications or substances that also depress the brain like narcotic analgesics, barbiturates, hypnotics, alcohol, and sleep medications interact with oral benzodiazepines causing additional depression of the brain that includes respiratory depression. Respiratory depression can lead to breathing that is inadequate for supplying the body with oxygen. Central nervous system depression can cause excessive drowsiness, sedation, lethargy, and in severe cases coma and death.

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 9/10/2014

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