Hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ) is a diuretic (water pill) used for treating high blood pressure (hypertension) and accumulation of fluid. It works by blocking salt and fluid reabsorption in the kidneys, causing increased output of salt and water in the urine (diuresis). The mechanism of its action in lowering high blood pressure is not well understood.
The combination of benazepril and HCTZ reduces blood pressure better than either drug alone. Lotensin was approved by the FDA in May 1992.
PRESCRIBED FOR: Lotensin HCT is used for treatment of high blood pressure.
SIDE EFFECTS: Lotensin HCT has side effects of its individual components. The most common side effects are:
- low blood pressure,
- muscle pain,
- stomach upset,
- sexual dysfunction, and
- decreased or increased potassium blood levels.
In rare instances,liver dysfunction and skin yellowing (jaundice) have been reported with ACE inhibitors. Benazepril should not be taken by people with a known allergy to ACE inhibitors. Swelling of the facial tissues and even the upper airways has been reported with ACE inhibitors on very rare occasions, and can lead to serious breathing difficulties.
Quick GuideHow to Lower Blood Pressure: Exercise Tips
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