belladonna and opium (B and O Suppositories)

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GENERIC NAME: belladonna and opium

BRAND NAME: B & O Suppositories

DRUG CLASS AND MECHANISM: Belladonna/opium is a man-made narcotic analgesic and anti-spasmodic combination medication. Belladonna relaxes smooth muscles and stops muscle spasms. Opium is converted to morphine which is an opioid pain reliever. Opioids can reduce gastrointestinal motility, propulsion, secretions, and increase gastrointestinal muscle tone. Opioids also stimulate receptors on nerves in the brain to increase the threshold to pain (increasing the amount of stimulation it takes to feel pain) and reduce the perception of pain (the perceived importance of the pain). These effects help in controlling pain and relieving spasms, especially bladder spasms. Belladonna/opium is a controlled substance.

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 7/21/2014

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