GENERIC NAME: beclomethasone dipropionate inhaler
BRAND NAME: Vanceril
GENERIC AVAILABLE: Yes
USES: Beclomethasone is used for the control of bronchial asthma in persons requiring continuous treatment. Such patients may include those with frequent asthmatic episodes that require medications to dilate the airways in the lung or those with asthmatic episodes at night.
SIDE EFFECTS: Common side effects of beclomethasone include:
- mild cough or
- wheezing due to chemical irritation.
Other side effects include:
- oral candidiasis or thrush and
Other less common side effects included:
- easy bruising,
- pain, and
- back pain
Using an inhaled bronchodilator (e.g., albuterol or Ventolin) prior to the beclomethasone may minimize the side effects of mild cough or wheezing caused by the drug.
A spacer device that can be attached to the inhaler and washing out the mouth with water following each use of beclomethasone reduces the amount of beclomethasone in the mouth and throat and reduces the risk of thrush and hoarseness.
Higher doses of inhaled beclomethasone (more than 1000 mcg/day) may result in more absorption into the body. This may decrease bone formation and increase bone breakdown (resorption), resulting in weak bones and a risk of fractures. Even higher doses (more than 1500 mcg/day in adults and 400 mcg/day in children) may suppress the adrenal glands and impair their ability to make natural glucocorticoid. People with such suppression (which can be identified by testing) need increased amounts of glucocorticoid orally or by the intravenous route during periods of high physical stress since higher amounts of glucocorticoids are needed by the body to fight physical stress.
Patients receiving beclomethasone may develop easy bruising if enough beclomethasone is absorbed into the body from the lungs.
PREPARATIONS: Inhaler 42 mcg/actuation; 84 mcg/actuation.
DRUG INTERACTIONS: No drug interactions have been described with inhaled beclomethasone.
Quick GuideAsthma Pictures Slideshow: An Inflammatory Disorder of the Airways
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