Bath Salts Abuse and Addiction

  • Medical Author:
    Roxanne Dryden-Edwards, MD

    Dr. Roxanne Dryden-Edwards is an adult, child, and adolescent psychiatrist. She is a former Chair of the Committee on Developmental Disabilities for the American Psychiatric Association, Assistant Professor of Psychiatry at Johns Hopkins Hospital in Baltimore, Maryland, and Medical Director of the National Center for Children and Families in Bethesda, Maryland.

  • Medical Editor: Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD
    Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD

    Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD

    Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD, is a U.S. board-certified Anatomic Pathologist with subspecialty training in the fields of Experimental and Molecular Pathology. Dr. Stöppler's educational background includes a BA with Highest Distinction from the University of Virginia and an MD from the University of North Carolina. She completed residency training in Anatomic Pathology at Georgetown University followed by subspecialty fellowship training in molecular diagnostics and experimental pathology.

Prescription Drug Abuse Statistics

Where can people find more information about bath salts abuse and addiction?

Erowid Center
PO Box 1116
Grass Valley, CA 95945

Kids Against Drugs

Narcotics Anonymous

National Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence: 800-NCA-CALL

National Drug Information Treatment and Referral Hotline: 800-662-HELP (4357)

National Institute on Drug Abuse

National Clearinghouse for Alcoholism and Drug Information: 800-729-6686

National Resource Center: 866-870-4979


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American Psychiatric Association. Practice Guideline and Resources for Treatment of Patients with Substance Use Disorders, Second Edition. Arlington, Virginia: American Psychiatric Association, 2006.

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Fass, J.A., A.D. Fass, and A.S. Garcia. "Synthetic cathinones (bath salts): legal status and patterns of abuse." Annals of Pharmacotherapy 46.3 Mar. 2012: 436-441.

Fitzpatrick, M. "'Bath salts' drug ingredient to be made illegal." CBS News June 2012.

Maryland Department of Health and Mental Hygiene. "'Bath salts': Report on department's findings." July 21, 2011. <>.

Olives, T.D., B.S. Orozco, and S.J. Stellpflug. "Bath salts: The Ivory Wave of trouble." Western Journal of Emergency Medicine 13.1 Feb. 2012: 58-62.

Ross, E.A., G.M. Reisfield, M.C. Watson, et al. "Psychoactive 'bath salts' intoxication with methylenedioxypyrovalerone." American Journal of Medicine 2012.

Rutecki, G.W. "'Bath salts' are not for bathing anymore." Consultant 51.11 Nov. 2011.

United States. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA). "Spice, bath salts and behavioral health." 13.2 Fall 2014: 1-8.

Watterson, L.R., P.R. Kufahl, N.E. Nemirovsky, et al. "Potent rewarding and reinforcing effects of the synthetic cathinone 3,4-methylenedioxypyrovalerone (MDPV)." Addiction Biology 2012: 1369-1600.

Winstock, A.R., L.R. Mitcheson, P. Deluca, Z. Davey, et al. "Mephedrone, new kid for the chop?" Addiction 106.1 Jan. 2011: 154-161.

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 2/16/2016

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