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What is balanitis?
Balanitis is an inflammation of the skin of the head of penis (glans penis). If the foreskin is involved as well, it is referred to as balanoposthitis.
What causes balanitis?
Balanitis is usually found in uncircumcised males. Poor hygiene can contribute when the area under the foreskin is not washed regularly and bacteria, skin and sweat accumulate. Some underlying medical conditions can also increase the risk of balanitis, especially diabetes mellitus.
Certain infections (especially yeast infections) can cause a balanitis. Reactive arthritis (formerly Reiter syndrome) is associated with inflammation around the head of the penis (circinate balanitis). Some sexually transmitted diseases can have similar symptoms (itching, redness) but are not the cause of true balanitis.