azithromycin, Zithromax, Zmax

Pharmacy Author:
Medical and Pharmacy Editor:

GENERIC NAME: azithromycin

BRAND NAME: Zithromax, Zmax

DRUG CLASS AND MECHANISM: Azithromycin is a semi-synthetic macrolide antibiotic chemically related to erythromycin and clarithromycin (Biaxin). It is effective against a wide variety of bacteria such as Hemophilus influenzae, Streptococcus pneumoniae, Mycoplasma pneumoniae, Staphylococcus aureus, mycobacterium avium, and many others. Azithromycin, like all macrolide antibiotics, prevents bacteria from growing by interfering with their ability to make proteins. Because of the differences in the way proteins are made in bacteria and humans, the macrolide antibiotics do not interfere with production of proteins in humans. It is an unusual antibiotic in that it stays in the body for quite a while (has a long half-life), allowing for once-a-day dosing and for shorter treatment courses for most infections. The FDA approved azithromycin in November 1991.

PRESCRIBED FOR: Azithromycin is effective against susceptible bacteria causing:

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 12/3/2014



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