Autopsy Related Diseases & Conditions

Medical tests and procedures are used to diagnose and treat a wide variety of conditions. Our doctors have compiled a list of ailments related to the topic of Autopsy that may be used to diagnose or monitor the status of the diseases and conditions listed below.

  • Dementia Dementia is a significant loss of intellectual abilities such as memory capacity, severe enough to interfere with social or...learn more »
    In This Article
    Dementia Article
    • Dementia facts*
    • Introduction to dementia
    • What is dementia?
    • What are the different kinds of dementia?
    • Alzheimer's disease
    • Vascular dementia
    • Lewy body dementia
    • Frontotemporal dementia
    • HIV-associated dementia
    • Huntington's disease
    • Dementia pugilistica
    • Corticobasal degeneration
    • Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease
    • Other rare hereditary dementias
    • Secondary dementias
    • Dementias in children
    • What other conditions can cause dementia?
    • What conditions are not dementia?
    • What causes dementia?
    • What are the risk factors for dementia?
    • How is dementia diagnosed?
    • Is there any treatment for dementia?
    • Can dementia be prevented?
    • What kind of care does a person with dementia need?
    • What research is being done?
    • How can I help research?
    • Where can I get more information?
  • Addison's Disease Addison disease is a hormonal (endocrine) disorder involving destruction of the adrenal glands (small glands adjacent to the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Addison's Disease Article
    • Addison's disease facts*
    • What is Addison's disease?
    • How does Addison's disease occur?
    • What is cortisol?
    • How is cortisol regulated?
    • What is aldosterone?
    • What causes Addison's disease?
    • Primary adrenal insufficiency
    • Polyendocrine deficiency syndrome
    • Tuberculosis
    • Other causes of Addison's disease
    • Secondary adrenal insufficiency
    • What are the signs and symptoms of Addison's disease?
    • How is Addison's disease diagnosed?
    • How is Addison's disease treated?
    • Surgery
    • Pregnancy?
    • Patient education
    • For more information
  • Aneurysm (Brain) Brain aneurysm (cerebral aneurysm) is caused by microscopic damage to artery walls, infections of the artery walls, tumors,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Aneurysm (Brain) Article
    • Brain aneurysm facts
    • What is a brain aneurysm and what causes a brain aneurysm?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of brain aneurysm?
    • How is brain aneurysm diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for brain aneurysm?
    • What is the outcome of brain aneurysm?
    • What are future directions for the treatment of brain aneurysm?
  • Bruises A bruise, or contusion, is caused when blood vessels are damaged or broken as the result of a blow to the skin. The raised area...learn more »
    In This Article
    Bruises Article
    • Bumps and bruises facts
    • What is a bruise?
    • Why do bruises occur more frequently in some people than in others?
    • What are symptoms and signs of a bruise, and why does it change color?
    • What if the bruise doesn't get better or the area stays swollen?
    • What are some less common causes of bruising, and what do they indicate?
    • What is the treatment for bruising?
    • What is the prognosis (outlook) for bruising?
  • Trichinosis Trichinosis is a food-borne disease caused by ingesting parasites (roundworms) in undercooked pork or wild-game meat. Symptoms of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Trichinosis Article
    • Trichinosis facts
    • What is trichinosis?
    • What are symptoms of trichinosis?
    • What causes trichinosis?
    • What is the history and life cycle of trichinosis?
    • How is trichinosis diagnosed?
    • How is trichinosis treated?
    • Are there complications associated with trichinosis?
    • What is the prognosis for patients with trichinosis?
    • What are the risk factors for getting trichinosis?
    • Is trichinosis a common disease?
    • Is it possible to prevent trichinosis?
    • Where can I get more information on trichinosis?
  • Prolactinoma (Pituitary Tumor) Prolactinoma is an adenoma (benign tumor) of the pituitary gland. Causes of many prolactinomas are unknown. Symptoms in women...learn more »
    In This Article
    Prolactinoma (Pituitary Tumor) Article
    • Prolactinoma facts
    • What is a prolactinoma (pituitary tumor)?
    • What is the normal function of prolactin?
    • What is the pituitary gland?
    • Where is the pituitary gland located?
    • What problems are caused by a pituitary tumor?
    • How common is a prolactinoma?
    • What are the types of prolactinomas?
    • What causes a prolactinoma?
    • What symptoms are caused by a prolactinoma?
    • Aside from a prolactinoma, what else can cause prolactin levels to rise?
    • How is a prolactinoma diagnosed?
    • What follow-up tests are done after a prolactinoma diagnosis?
    • What are the goals of treatment of a prolactinoma?
    • How is a prolactinoma treated?
    • What medications are used to treat prolactinomas?
    • What is the surgical treatment of a prolactinoma?
    • How do I choose a skilled neurosurgeon?
    • Does a prolactinoma affect pregnancy and oral contraceptives?
    • Do prolactinomas affect oral contraceptives?
    • Is osteoporosis a risk in women with high prolactin levels?
  • Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) The cause of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is unknown. The risk of SIDS peaks in infants 2-4 months of age. SIDS is more...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) Article
    • Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) facts
    • What is sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS)?
    • What is the cause of SIDS?
    • What are the risk factors for SIDS?
    • How is SIDS diagnosed?
    • Can SIDS be prevented?
    • Does the supine (back) sleep position cause any problems for infants?
    • What support is available to parents who are coping with an infant loss due to SIDS?
    • Where can people get more information about sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS)?
  • Carcinoid Syndrome and Carcinoid Tumor A carcinoid tumor is a tumor that develops from enterochromaffin cells. The important characteristic of carcinoid tumors that...learn more »
    In This Article
    Carcinoid Syndrome and Carcinoid Tumor Article
    • Carcinoid tumor facts
    • What is a carcinoid tumor?
    • What is carcinoid syndrome?
    • How common are carcinoid tumors and carcinoid syndrome?
    • What is the prognosis and natural history of carcinoid tumors?
    • Where do carcinoid tumors occur?
    • How are carcinoid tumors and carcinoid syndrome diagnosed?
    • How are carcinoid tumors and carcinoid syndrome treated?
  • Suicide Suicide is the process of intentionally ending one's own life. Approximately 1 million people worldwide commit suicide each year,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Suicide Article
    • Suicide facts
    • What is suicide?
    • What are the effects of suicide?
    • What are some possible causes of suicide?
    • What are the risk factors and protective factors for suicide?
    • What are the signs and symptoms for suicide?
    • How are suicidal thoughts and behaviors assessed?
    • What is the treatment for suicidal thoughts and behaviors?
    • How can people cope with suicidal thoughts?
    • How can people cope with the suicide of a loved one?
    • Where can people get help?
  • Smoker's Lung: Pathology Photo Essay Smoker's lung photo essay is a collection of pictures and microscopic slides of lung disease caused by cigarette smoking....learn more »
    In This Article
    Smoker's Lung: Pathology Photo Essay Article
    • Smoker's lung introduction
    • What is the structure of the normal lung?
    • What processes determine normal function of the lung?
    • What are the abnormalities (diseases) in smoker's lung?
    • What happens to the lung in emphysema?
    • How does emphysema come about?
    • Why does smoker's lung look black?
    • What happens to the airways in chronic bronchitis?
    • Are smokers with COPD predisposed to developing pneumonia?
    • What about lung cancer in smokers?
    • Are any of the pulmonary consequences of smoking reversible?
    • From what do smokers die?
  • Arteriovenous Malformation Arteriovenous malformation (AVM) is a congenital disorder of blood vessels in the brain, brainstem, or spinal cord that is...learn more »
    In This Article
    Arteriovenous Malformation Article
    • What are arteriovenous malformations?
    • What are the symptoms of arteriovenous malformations?
    • How do arteriovenous malformations damage the brain and spinal cord?
    • Where do neurological arteriovenous malformations tend to form?
    • What are the health consequences of arteriovenous malformations?
    • What other types of vascular lesions affect the central nervous system?
    • What causes vascular lesions?
    • How are arteriovenous malformations and other vascular lesions detected?
    • How can arteriovenous malformations and other vascular lesions be treated?
    • What research is being done?
  • Lewy Body Dementia (Dementia with Lewy Bodies) Lewy body dementia (LBD or dementia with Lewy bodies) is one the most common causes of dementia. There are two types of LBD: 1)...learn more »
    In This Article
    Lewy Body Dementia (Dementia with Lewy Bodies) Article
    • Lewy body dementia facts*
    • Lewy body dementia (LBD) introduction
    • What are Lewy bodies?
    • What is Lewy body dementia (LBD)?
    • What are the types of Lewy body dementia (LBD)?
    • Who is affected by Lewy body dementia (LBD)?
    • What are the causes and risk factors for Lewy body dementia (LBD)?
    • What are the common symptoms of Lewy body dementia (LBD)?
    • Cognitive symptoms of Lewy body dementia
    • Behavoiral and mood symptoms of Lewy body dementia
    • Sleep disorders associated with Lewy body dementia
    • Movement symptoms of Lewy body dementia
    • Other Lewy body dementia symptoms
    • How is Lewy body dementia (LBD) diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment and management of Lewy body dementia (LBD)?
    • Medications for Lewy body dementia
    • Medications for cognitive symptoms
    • Medications for movement symptoms
    • Medications for sleep disorders
    • Medications for behavioral and mood problems
    • Other treatment considerations
  • Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) is a rare, degenerative, invariably fatal brain disorder. CJD generally appears in the later...learn more »
    In This Article
    Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease Article
    • What is Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD)?
    • What are the symptoms of the Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease?
    • How is Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease diagnosed?
    • What causes Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease?
    • How is Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease transmitted?
    • What research is taking place with Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease?
    • How can I help research?
    • Where can I get more information about Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease?
    • How is the Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease treated?
  • Heart Attack Pathology: Photo Essay A heart attack is a layperson's term for a sudden blockage of a coronary artery. This photo essay inlcudes graphics, pictures,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Heart Attack Pathology: Photo Essay Article
    • What is a Heart Attack?
    • What are the structures and functions of a normal coronary artery?
    • What happens to the coronary artery in atherosclerosis?
    • Who gets coronary artery plaques and what happens to the plaques?
    • What happens to the heart muscle after a person survives a Heart Attack?
    • Can a person have more than one heart attack?
  • Variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease Variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (vCJD) is a degenerative, fatal brain disorder in humans. Symptoms are initially psychiatric or...learn more »