Autism Spectrum Disorder (In Children and Adults)

  • Medical Author:
    Roxanne Dryden-Edwards, MD

    Dr. Roxanne Dryden-Edwards is an adult, child, and adolescent psychiatrist. She is a former Chair of the Committee on Developmental Disabilities for the American Psychiatric Association, Assistant Professor of Psychiatry at Johns Hopkins Hospital in Baltimore, Maryland, and Medical Director of the National Center for Children and Families in Bethesda, Maryland.

  • Medical Editor: William C. Shiel Jr., MD, FACP, FACR
    William C. Shiel Jr., MD, FACP, FACR

    William C. Shiel Jr., MD, FACP, FACR

    Dr. Shiel received a Bachelor of Science degree with honors from the University of Notre Dame. There he was involved in research in radiation biology and received the Huisking Scholarship. After graduating from St. Louis University School of Medicine, he completed his Internal Medicine residency and Rheumatology fellowship at the University of California, Irvine. He is board-certified in Internal Medicine and Rheumatology.

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Quick GuideAutism Pictures Slideshow: Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment

Autism Pictures Slideshow: Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment

For more information about autism in children and adults

Autism Speaks

Center for the Study of Autism

Children's Disability List of Lists

Learning Disabilities Online

List of Support Groups

Parent to Parent Program

Families for Early Autism Treatment

Lifetime Advocacy Network

FEAT Families for Early Autism Treatment

National Autism Association

Autism Society of America

The Son-Rise Program

Touch Autism

Medically reviewed by Margaret Walsh, MD; American Board of Pediatrics

REFERENCES:

Bent, S., et al. "Omega-3 fatty acids for autistic spectrum disorder: a systemic review." Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 39.8 (2009): 1145-1154.

Bishop, S. L., et al. "Predictors of perceived negative impact in mothers of children with autism spectrum disorder." American Journal on Mental Retardation 112.6 (2007): 450-461.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. "Prevalence of autism spectrum disorders-autism and developmental disabilities monitoring network, 14 sites, United States, 2008." Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report 61.3 (2012): 2-24.

Cidav, Z., et al. "Implications of childhood autism for parental employment and earnings." Pediatrics 129.4 (2012): 617-623.

Gardener, H., et al. "Prenatal risk factors for autism: comprehensive meta-analysis." British Journal of Psychiatry 195.1 (2009): 7-14.

Gerber, J. S. and P. A. Offit. "Vaccines and autism: a tale of shifting hypotheses." Clinical Infectious Diseases 48.4 (2009): 456-461.

Gurney, J. G., et al. "Parental report of health conditions and health care use among children with and without autism. National Survey of Children's Health." Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine 2160.8 (2006): 825-830.

Lobato, D. J. and B. T. Kao. "Integrated sibling-parent group intervention to improve sibling knowledge and adjustment to chronic illness and disability." Journal of Pediatric Psychology 27.8 (2002): 711-716.

Mazumdar, S., et al. "The spatial structure of autism in California, 1993-2001." Health Place 16.3 (2010): 539-546.

Nickels, K. C., et al. "Stimulant medication treatment of target behaviors in children with autism: a population-based study." Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics 29.2 (2008): 75-81.

Mulvihill, B., et al. "Prevalence of autism spectrum disorders - Autism and Developmental Disabilities Monitoring Network, United States, 2006." Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Suveillance Summaries 58.10 (2009): 1-20. December; 58(SS10): 1-20.

Robins, D. L. and T. M. Dumont-Mathieu. "Early screening for autism spectrum disorders: update on the modified checklist for autism in toddlers and other measures." Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics 27.2 Suppl (2006): 111-119.

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 11/5/2015
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