Atrial Fibrillation (AFib)

What is the treatment for atrial fibrillation (AFib)?

The treatment of atrial fibrillation is multi-faceted and involves:

  1. reversing the factors that cause atrial fibrillation;
  2. slowing the heart rate with medications;
  3. preventing strokes;
  4. converting atrial fibrillation to a normal heart rhythm with medications or electrical shock;
  5. preventing the recurrence of atrial fibrillation with medications; and
  6. using procedures (for example, pacemakers, defibrillators, surgery) to prevent episodes of AFib.

Reversing the risk factors (drugs or other diseases or conditions) that cause AFib

An important first step in the treatment of AFib is to uncover and correct conditions (such as hyperthyroidism or use of stimulant drugs) that can cause AFib. These steps include:

  • stopping the use of stimulant drugs and excessive alcohol intake;
  • controlling high blood pressure;
  • correcting hyperthyroidism (too much thyroid hormone) and low blood oxygen levels; and
  • controlling heart failure and treating the diseases of the heart and the lungs that can cause atrial fibrillation. Continue Reading
10/22
Reviewed on 5/27/2015
Atrial Fibrillation Pictures Slideshow: Visual Guidelines to Causes, Tests and Treatment

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