Atrial Fibrillation (AFib)
Table of Contents
- Atrial fibrillation (AFib) facts
- What is the normal function of the heart?
- What is the electrical function of the heart?
- What causes atrial fibrillation?
- Heart rate during AFib
- What are the symptoms of atrial fibrillation (AFib)?
- What are the risk factors for developing atrial fibrillation (AFib)?
- How is atrial fibrillation (AFib) diagnosed?
- Heart monitors and other tests
- What is the treatment for atrial fibrillation (AFib)?
- Slowing the heart rate with medications
- Anticoagulation drugs to prevent blood clots and strokes
- Who are, and who are not candidates for warfarin?
- Newer medications to prevent stroke in AFib
- Cardioversion with medications
- Other methods of converting AFib to a normal rhythm
- Risks and candidates for cardioversion
- Procedures for treating and preventing atrial fibrillation (AFib)
- Other procedures for treating and preventing atrial fibrillation
- What are the complications of atrial fibrillation (AFib)?
- What is pulmonary vein isolation?
- Who are candidates for PVI, and what are the risks?
What is the treatment for atrial fibrillation (AFib)?
The treatment of atrial fibrillation is multi-faceted and involves:
- reversing the factors that cause atrial fibrillation;
- slowing the heart rate with medications;
- preventing strokes;
- converting atrial fibrillation to a normal heart rhythm with medications or electrical shock;
- preventing the recurrence of atrial fibrillation with medications; and
- using procedures (for example, pacemakers, defibrillators, surgery) to prevent episodes of AFib.
Reversing the risk factors (drugs or other diseases or conditions) that cause AFib
An important first step in the treatment of AFib is to uncover and correct conditions (such as hyperthyroidism or use of stimulant drugs) that can cause AFib. These steps include:
- stopping the use of stimulant drugs and excessive alcohol intake;
- controlling high blood pressure;
- correcting hyperthyroidism (too much thyroid hormone) and low blood oxygen levels; and
- controlling heart failure and treating the diseases of the heart and the lungs that can cause atrial fibrillation. Continue Reading