Arthritis Related Diseases & Conditions

Medical conditions are often related to other diseases and conditions. Our doctors have compiled a list of ailments related to the topic of Arthritis. These conditions may be a cause or symptom of Arthritis or be a condition for which you may be at increased risk.

  • Torn Meniscus A torn meniscus (knee cartilage) may be caused by suddenly stopping, sharply twisting, or deep squatting or kneeling when lifting...learn more »
  • Knee Pain Acute injuries, medical conditions, and chronic use conditions are causes of knee pain. Symptoms and signs that accompany knee...learn more »
  • Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disease that causes chronic inflammation of the joints, the tissue around the joints,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) Article
    • Rheumatoid arthritis facts
    • What is rheumatoid arthritis (RA)?
    • Rheumatoid arthritis vs. osteoarthritis
    • What are rheumatoid arthritis causes and risk factors?
    • What are complications of rheumatoid arthritis?
    • What are rheumatoid arthritis symptoms and signs?
    • How do physicians diagnose rheumatoid arthritis?
    • What are the stages of rheumatoid arthritis?
    • What is the treatment for rheumatoid arthritis? What types of medications treat RA?
    • "First-line" rheumatoid arthritis medications
    • "Second-line" or "slow-acting" rheumatoid arthritis drugs (disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs or DMARDs)
    • What are newer rheumatoid arthritis treatments?
    • Rheumatoid arthritis diet, exercise, home remedies, and alternative medicine
    • What about rheumatoid arthritis and pregnancy?
    • What is the prognosis for patients with rheumatoid arthritis?
    • What are tips for living with rheumatoid arthritis?
    • Is it possible to prevent rheumatoid arthritis?
    • What specialists treat rheumatoid arthritis (RA)?
    • What new information about RA has come from the 2015 national meeting of the American College of Rheumatology?
    • What research is being done on rheumatoid arthritis?
    • Where can people get additional information on rheumatoid arthritis?
  • 15 Early Symptoms and Signs of Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) Early RA symptoms and signs vary differently from person to person. The most common body parts that are initially affected by RA...learn more »
  • Lower Back Pain There are many causes of back pain. Pain in the low back can relate to the bony lumbar spine, discs between the vertebrae,...learn more »
  • Pinched Nerve A pinched nerve causes pain, numbness, or tingling in the affected area due to pressure on a nerve. Caral tunnel and sciatica are...learn more »
  • Psoriasis Psoriasis is a long-term skin condition that may cause large plaques of red, raised skin, flakes of dry skin, and skin scales....learn more »
    In This Article
    Psoriasis Article
    • Psoriasis facts
    • What is psoriasis?
    • What are psoriasis causes and risk factors?
    • What are the different types of psoriasis?
    • Can psoriasis affect my joints?
    • Can psoriasis affect only my nails?
    • What are psoriasis symptoms and signs? What does psoriasis look like?
    • How do health-care professionals diagnose psoriasis?
    • Eczema vs. psoriasis
    • How many people have psoriasis?
    • Is psoriasis contagious?
    • Is there a cure for psoriasis?
    • Is psoriasis hereditary?
    • What kind of doctor treats psoriasis?
    • What is the treatment for psoriasis?
    • What creams, lotions, and home remedies are available for psoriasis?
    • Are psoriasis shampoos available?
    • What oral medications are available for psoriasis?
    • What injections or infusions are available for psoriasis?
    • Is there a psoriasis diet?
    • What about light therapy for psoriasis?
    • What is the long-term prognosis with psoriasis? What are complications of psoriasis?
    • Is it possible to prevent psoriasis?
    • What does the future hold for psoriasis?
    • Is there a national psoriasis support group?
    • Where can people get more information on psoriasis?
  • Sjogren's Syndrome Sjögren's syndrome is an autoimmune disease involving the abnormal production of extra antibodies that attack the glands and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sjogren's Syndrome Article
    • Sjögren's syndrome facts
    • What is Sjögren's syndrome?
    • What causes Sjögren's syndrome?
    • What are risk factors for developing Sjögren's syndrome?
    • What are Sjögren's syndrome symptoms and signs?
    • How is Sjögren's syndrome diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for Sjögren's syndrome? Will dietary changes improve Sjögren's syndrome symptoms and signs?
    • What are complications of Sjögren's syndrome?
    • Is it possible to prevent Sjögren's syndrome?
    • What is the prognosis for patients with Sjögren's syndrome?
    • What types of doctors treat Sjögren's syndrome?
    • Conclusion
  • Gout (Gouty Arthritis) Buildup of uric acid crystals in a joint causes gouty arthritis. Symptoms and signs include joint pain, swelling, heat, and...learn more »
  • Broken Foot There are several bones in the foot, and these bones can be broken (fractured) in a variety of ways. Falling from heights,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Broken Foot Article
    • Broken foot facts
    • What is the structure of the foot?
    • What are the causes of a broken foot?
    • Pictures of the bones in the foot
    • What are the symptoms of a broken foot?
    • When should I call the doctor for foot pain?
    • How is a broken foot diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for a broken foot?
    • What are the complications of a broken foot?
    • Can a broken foot be prevented?
  • Lyme Disease Lyme disease is a bacterial illness, which is spread by ticks when they bite the skin. Initially the disease affects the skin...learn more »
  • Heel Spurs Heel spurs -- pointed, bony outgrowths of the heel -- are caused by localized soft-tissue inflammation and can be located at the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Heel Spurs Article
    • Heel spurs facts
    • What is a heel spur? What are heel spur symptoms?
    • How do heel spurs relate to plantar fasciitis? What causes heel spurs?
    • How do health-care professionals diagnose heel spurs?
    • What is the treatment for heel spurs? Are there any home remedies for heel spurs?
    • What is the prognosis (outlook) of heel spurs?
    • Is it possible to prevent heel spurs?
  • Sacroiliac Joint Dysfunction (SI Joint Pain) Sacroiliac joint (SI) dysfunction is a general term to reflect pain in the SI joints. Causes of SI joint pain include...learn more »
  • Lupus (Systemic Lupus Erythematosus or SLE) Systemic lupus erythematosus is a condition characterized by chronic inflammation of body tissues caused by autoimmune disease....learn more »
    In This Article
    Lupus (Systemic Lupus Erythematosus or SLE) Article
    • Systemic lupus erythematosus facts
    • What is systemic lupus erythematosus? What are the types of lupus?
    • What are risk factors and causes of systemic lupus erythematosus? Is lupus contagious? Is lupus hereditary?
    • What is drug-induced lupus?
    • What are lupus symptoms and signs?
    • How is systemic lupus erythematosus diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for systemic lupus?
    • Is there a systemic lupus erythematosus diet?
    • How can a lupus patient help prevent disease activity (flares)?
    • How can systemic lupus erythematosus affect pregnancy or the newborn?
    • What specialties of doctors treat lupus?
    • What is the prognosis of lupus? What does the future hold for people with systemic lupus?
    • Where can one get more information about systemic lupus erythematosus?
  • Fever Although a fever technically is any body temperature above the normal of 98.6 F (37 C), in practice, a person is usually not...learn more »
    In This Article
    Fever Article
    • Fever facts
    • What is a fever?
    • What causes a fever?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of a fever?
    • How is a fever diagnosed?
    • How should someone take a temperature for fever?
    • What is the treatment for a fever?
    • When should someone seek medical care for a fever?
    • What kind of doctors treat a fever?
    • What are complications of a fever?
    • What is the prognosis for a fever?
    • Is it possible to prevent a fever?
    • Where can people find more information about fevers?
  • Scoliosis Scoliosis causes an abnormal curvature of the spine. When the cause of scoliosis is unknown the disorder is described based on...learn more »
  • Baker Cyst A Baker cyst, also called a popliteal cyst, is swelling caused by knee joint fluid protruding to the back of the knee (popliteal...learn more »
    In This Article
    Baker Cyst Article
    • Baker cyst facts
    • What is a Baker cyst?
    • What causes a Baker cyst?
    • What are risk factors for a Baker cyst?
    • What are symptoms and signs of a Baker cyst?
    • What types of doctors treat a Baker cyst?
    • What tests do doctors use to diagnose a Baker cyst?
    • What is the treatment for a Baker cyst?
    • What is the recovery time after treatment of a Baker cyst?
    • Are there home remedies for a Baker cyst?
    • What are potential complications of a Baker cyst?
    • What is the prognosis for a Baker cyst?
    • Is it possible to prevent a Baker cyst?
  • Hemochromatosis (Iron Overload) Hereditary hemochromatosis (iron overload) is an inherited disorder in which there is excessive accumulation of iron in the body....learn more »
    In This Article
    Hemochromatosis (Iron Overload) Article
    • What is hereditary hemochromatosis?
    • How is hereditary hemachromatosis inherited?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of hemochromatosis?
    • How is hemochromatosis diagnosed?
    • How is hemochromatosis treated?
    • What about diet recommendations for people with hemochromatosis?
    • What are the recommendations for screening for liver cancer in hemochromatosis?
  • Bone Spurs Bone spurs are pointy outgrowths of bone that develop in areas of inflammation or injury. They commonly occur on the heel and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Bone Spurs Article
    • Bone spur facts
    • What is a bone spur?
    • What causes bone spurs?
    • Where do bone spurs occur?
    • What are symptoms of bone spurs?
    • How are bone spurs diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for bone spurs?
    • What is the prognosis (outlook) for bone spurs?
    • Can bone spurs be prevented?
  • Sarcoidosis Sarcoidosis, a disease resulting from chronic inflammation, causes small lumps (granulomas) to develop in a great range of body...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sarcoidosis Article
    • Sarcoidosis facts
    • What is sarcoidosis?
    • What are causes and risk factors of sarcoidosis?
    • What are signs and symptoms of sarcoidosis?
    • Who gets sarcoidosis?
    • What do we know about sarcoidosis? Is sarcoidosis contagious or hereditary?
    • What are some things we don't know about sarcoidosis?
    • What types of doctors treat sarcoidosis?
    • What tests do health-care professionals use to diagnose sarcoidosis?
    • What do laboratory tests for sarcoidosis show?
    • What is the treatment for sarcoidosis?
    • What is the prognosis of sarcoidosis?
    • Is it possible to prevent sarcoidosis?
    • Where can a person find more information on sarcoidosis?
  • Ankle Pain Ankle pain is commonly due to a sprain or tendinitis. The severity of ankle sprains ranges from mild (which can resolve within...learn more »
    In This Article
    Ankle Pain Article
    • Ankle pain and ankle tendinitis facts
    • How is the ankle designed, and what is the ankle's function?
    • What causes ankle pain and ankle tendinitis?
    • What injuries can cause ankle pain, and how are they treated?
    • What diseases and conditions can cause ankle pain, and how are they treated?
    • What are associated symptoms and signs of ankle pain and ankle tendinitis?
    • How are ankle pain and ankle tendinitis diagnosed?
    • What is the prognosis for ankle pain and ankle tendinitis?
    • Is it possible to prevent ankle pain and ankle tendinitis?
  • Ankylosing Spondylitis Ankylosing spondylitis is a type of arthritis that causes chronic inflammation of the spine. The tendency to develop ankylosing...learn more »
    In This Article
    Ankylosing Spondylitis Article
    • Ankylosing spondylitis facts
    • What is ankylosing spondylitis?
    • What causes ankylosing spondylitis?
    • What are ankylosing spondylitis symptoms and signs?
    • How is ankylosing spondylitis diagnosed?
    • What are ankylosing spondylitis treatment options?
    • Is it possible to prevent ankylosing spondylitis?
    • What is the prognosis (outlook) for patients with ankylosing spondylitis?
    • What is in the future for patients with ankylosing spondylitis?
    • Where can people find more information about ankylosing spondylitis and learn about support groups?
  • Psoriatic Arthritis Psoriatic arthritis is a disease that causes skin and joint inflammation. Symptoms include painful, stiff, and swollen joints,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Psoriatic Arthritis Article
    • Psoriatic arthritis facts
    • What is psoriatic arthritis?
    • What causes psoriatic arthritis?
    • What are risk factors for developing psoriatic arthritis?
    • What are psoriatic arthritis symptoms and signs?
    • How does a doctor diagnose psoriatic arthritis?
    • What is the treatment for psoriatic arthritis?
    • Disease-modifying medications for psoriatic arthritis
    • What are psoriatic arthritis complications?
    • What is the prognosis of psoriatic arthritis?
    • Is it possible to prevent psoriatic arthritis?
    • Is there a psoriatic arthritis diet? Are there home remedies for psoriatic arthritis?
    • What types of doctors treat psoriatic arthritis?
    • What does the future hold for patients with psoriatic arthritis?
  • Pseudogout Pseudogout, a form of arthritis, results when deposits of crystals collect in and around the joints. Symptoms of pseudogout...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pseudogout Article
    • Pseudogout facts
    • What is pseudogout?
    • What are causes of pseudogout?
    • What are risk factors for pseudogout?
    • What are pseudogout symptoms and signs?
    • How does a doctor diagnose pseudogout?
    • What are treatments for pseudogout?
    • What other conditions can accompany pseudogout?
    • Are there special circumstances that can promote attacks of pseudogout?
    • What are complications of pseudogout?
    • What is the prognosis of pseudogout?
    • Is it possible to prevent pseudogout?
    • What specialists treat pseudogout?
    • Where can people get more information about pseudogout?
  • Carpal Tunnel Syndrome Carpal tunnel syndrome is a condition in which irritation of the wrist's median nerve causes tingling and numbness of the thumb,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Carpal Tunnel Syndrome Article
    • Carpal tunnel syndrome facts
    • What is carpal tunnel syndrome?
    • What conditions and diseases cause carpal tunnel syndrome?
    • What are carpal tunnel syndrome symptoms?
    • What tests do health-care professionals use to diagnose carpal tunnel syndrome?
    • What is the treatment for carpal tunnel syndrome? Is it possible to prevent carpal tunnel syndrome?
    • What are complications of carpal tunnel syndrome?
    • What is the prognosis for carpal tunnel syndrome?
    • Which specialists are involved in the care of patients with carpal tunnel syndrome?
  • Salmonella Salmonella infection (salmonellosis) is typically caused by the consumption of contaminated foods. Symptoms of salmonellosis...learn more »
    In This Article
    Salmonella Article
    • Salmonella food poisoning facts
    • What is Salmonella food poisoning?
    • What causes Salmonella outbreaks? How does Salmonella spread?
    • What are risk factors for Salmonella food poisoning?
    • What are symptoms and signs of Salmonella poisoning?
    • Is Salmonella contagious?
    • What is the incubation period for a Salmonella infection?
    • What is the contagious period for salmonellosis?
    • What kinds of doctors treat Salmonella food poisoning?
    • How do physicians diagnose Salmonella food poisoning?
    • What is the treatment for Salmonella food poisoning?
    • What are complications of Salmonella food poisoning?
    • What is the prognosis of Salmonella food poisoning?
    • Is it possible to prevent Salmonella food poisoning?
  • Osteomyelitis Osteomyelitis is an infection of the bone. Potential causes include injections around the bone, fractures that puncture the skin,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Osteomyelitis Article
    • Osteomyelitis facts
    • What is osteomyelitis?
    • What causes osteomyelitis?
    • What are osteomyelitis symptoms and signs?
    • How is osteomyelitis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for osteomyelitis?
    • What is the prognosis for osteomyelitis?
  • Costochondritis Costochondritis is inflammation of the cartilage where the ribs attach to the sternum. Tietze syndrome affects the same region of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Costochondritis Article
    • What is costochondritis?
    • What causes costochondritis?
    • What are symptoms of costochondritis, and what is Tietze's syndrome?
    • How are costochondritis and Tietze's syndrome diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for costochondritis and Tietze's syndrome?
    • What is the prognosis for costochondritis and Tietze's syndrome?
    • Can costochondritis and Tietze's syndrome be prevented?
  • Elbow Pain Elbow pain is most often the result of tendinitis, which can affect the inner or outer elbow. Treatment includes ice, rest, and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Elbow Pain Article
    • Elbow pain facts
    • How is the elbow designed, and what is its function?
    • What injuries can cause elbow pain, and what are symptoms and signs of the causes of elbow pain?
    • What are diseases and conditions that can cause elbow pain, and how are they treated?
    • How is elbow pain diagnosed?
    • What are treatments for elbow pain?
    • What is the prognosis of elbow pain?
    • Can elbow pain be prevented?
  • Lumbar Spinal Stenosis Lumbar stenosis can be caused by degenerative arthritis (the most common cause), tumor, infection, or metabolic disorders...learn more »
    In This Article
    Lumbar Spinal Stenosis Article
    • Lumbar spinal stenosis facts
    • What is the lumbar spine, and what is lumbar spinal stenosis?
    • What causes lumbar spinal stenosis?
    • What are risk factors for lumbar spinal stenosis?
    • What are lumbar spinal stenosis symptoms?
    • How do health-care professionals diagnose lumbar spinal stenosis?
    • What is the treatment for lumbar spinal stenosis?
    • Is it possible to prevent lumbar spinal stenosis?
    • What is the prognosis for lumbar spinal stenosis?
  • Connective Tissue Disease Connective tissue disease is when the body's connective tissues come under attack, possibly becoming injured by inflammation....learn more »
    In This Article
    Connective Tissue Disease Article
    • What is a connective tissue disease?
    • What causes connective tissue disease?
    • What are symptoms and signs of a connective tissue disease?
    • How are connective tissue diseases diagnosed?
    • What are genetic risk factors for developing connective tissue disease?
    • What autoimmune diseases are associated with connective tissue disease?
  • Plant Thorn Synovitis Plant thorn synovitis (plant thorn arthritis) is joint inflammation caused by a thorn puncturing the joint and leaving residual...learn more »
    In This Article
    Plant Thorn Synovitis Article
    • Plant thorn arthritis facts
    • What is plant thorn arthritis?
    • What plants cause plant thorn arthritis?
    • What joints are typically involved in plant thorn arthritis?
    • What are plant thorn arthritis symptoms and signs?
    • How is plant thorn arthritis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for plant thorn arthritis?
    • What is the prognosis of plant thorn arthritis?
    • Is it possible to prevent plant thorn arthritis?
  • Pain Management Pain management and treatment can be simple or complex, according to its cause. There are two basic types of pain, nociceptive...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pain Management Article
    • Introduction to pain management
    • How is pain treatment guided?
    • What are the basic types of pain?
    • Nociceptive pain
    • Neuropathic pain
    • What are other causes of pain?
  • Mixed Connective Tissue Disease (MCTD) Connective tissue diseases are disorders featuring abnormalities involving the collagen and elastin. Connective tissue diseases...learn more »
    In This Article
    Mixed Connective Tissue Disease (MCTD) Article
    • Mixed connective tissue disease facts
    • What are connective tissues?
    • What diseases characteristically affect connective tissue?
    • What is mixed connective tissue disease?
    • What are causes and risk factors for mixed connective tissue disease?
    • What are signs and symptoms of mixed connective tissue disease?
    • How is mixed connective tissue disease diagnosed?
    • How is mixed connective tissue disease treated?
    • What is the prognosis of mixed connective tissue disease?
    • Is it possible to prevent mixed connective tissue disease?
    • Are there support groups for mixed connective tissue disease?
  • Chronic Pain Chronic pain is pain (an unpleasant sense of discomfort) that persists or progresses over a long period of time. In contrast to...learn more »
    In This Article
    Chronic Pain Article
    • Chronic pain facts*
    • Introduction to chronic pain
    • The A to Z of pain
    • How is pain diagnosed?
    • Pain management
    • What is the role of age and gender in pain?
    • A pain primer: what do we know about pain?
    • What is the future of pain research?
    • Spine basics: the vertebrae, discs and spinal cord
    • The nervous system
    • Phantom pain: how does the brain feel?
    • Chili peppers, capsaicin and pain
    • Marijuana for pain treatment
    • Nerve blocks for pain treatment
    • Where can I get more information about pain?
  • Still's Disease Still's disease (systemic-onset juvenile rheumatoid arthritis) is a disorder characterized by inflammation with high fever...learn more »
    In This Article
    Still's Disease Article
    • Still's disease facts
    • What is Still's disease?
    • What causes Still's disease?
    • What are risk factors for Still's disease?
    • How does Still's disease relate to juvenile idiopathic arthritis?
    • What are Still's disease symptoms and signs?
    • How do health-care professionals diagnose Still's disease?
    • What is the frequency of Still's disease and its features?
    • What is the treatment for Still's disease?
    • Is it possible to prevent Still's disease?
    • What types of specialists treat Still's disease?
    • What Still's disease research is being done?
    • What is the prognosis of Still's disease?
  • Henoch-Schonlein Purpura Henoch-Schonlein Purpura (HSP or anaphylactoid purpura), a type of blood vessel inflammation, results in rash, arthritis, and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Henoch-Schonlein Purpura Article
    • Henoch-Schonlein purpura (HSP) facts
    • What is Henoch-Schonlein purpura (HSP)?
    • What causes HSP?
    • What are risk factors for HSP?
    • What are HSP symptoms and signs?
    • How is HSP diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for HSP?
    • What are complications of HSP?
    • What is the prognosis for patients with HSP?
    • Can HSP be prevented?
  • Septic Arthritis Septic arthritis, or infectious arthritis, is infection of one or more joints by bacteria, viruses, or fungi. Symptoms and signs...learn more »
    In This Article
    Septic Arthritis Article
    • Septic arthritis facts
    • What is septic arthritis?
    • What microbes cause septic arthritis?
    • Who is at risk of developing septic arthritis?
    • What are symptoms and signs of septic arthritis?
    • How do physicians diagnose septic arthritis?
    • How is septic arthritis treated?
    • What are complications of septic arthritis?
    • What is the prognosis of septic arthritis?
    • Is it possible to prevent septic arthritis?
  • Knee Injury Knee injuries, especially meniscus tears, are common in contact sports. Symptoms and signs of a torn meniscus include knee pain,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Knee Injury Article
    • Knee injury facts
    • What are the different types of knee injuries?
    • What causes a knee injury?
    • What are risk factors for a knee injury?
    • What are knee injury symptoms and signs?
    • How is a knee injury diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for a knee injury?
    • What exercises are recommended, and what exercises should be avoided during rehabilitation for a knee injury?
    • What is the recovery time for a knee injury?
    • What is the prognosis of a knee injury?
    • Can knee injuries be prevented?
  • Diffuse Idiopathic Skeletal Hyperostosis Diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis (DISH or Forestier's disease) is a form of degenerative arthritis. It is characterized...learn more »
    In This Article
    Diffuse Idiopathic Skeletal Hyperostosis Article
    • Diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis (DISH) facts
    • What is diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis?
    • What causes diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis?
    • What are symptoms and signs of diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis?
    • How is diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis?
    • What is the outlook (prognosis) for patients with diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis?
    • Can diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis be prevented?
  • Reactive Arthritis Reactive arthritis is a chronic, systemic rheumatic disease characterized by three conditions, including conjunctivitis, joint...learn more »
    In This Article
    Reactive Arthritis Article
    • Reactive arthritis facts
    • What is reactive arthritis?
    • What causes reactive arthritis?
    • What are risk factors for developing reactive arthritis?
    • What are reactive arthritis symptoms and signs?
    • How do health-care professionals diagnose reactive arthritis?
    • What is the treatment for reactive arthritis?
    • What is the prognosis of reactive arthritis?
    • Is it possible to prevent reactive arthritis?
    • What does the future hold for reactive arthritis?
  • Rotator Cuff Disease Rotator cuff disease is damage to any of the four tendons that stabilize the shoulder joint. Shoulder pain and tenderness are...learn more »
    In This Article
    Rotator Cuff Disease Article
    • Rotator cuff disease facts
    • What is the rotator cuff?
    • What causes rotator cuff disease?
    • What are risk factors for rotator cuff disease?
    • How is the rotator cuff injured?
    • What are rotator cuff disease symptoms and signs?
    • How do health-care professionals diagnose rotator cuff disease?
    • What is the treatment for rotator cuff disease?
    • Are there home remedies for rotator cuff disease?
    • What are complications of rotator cuff disease?
    • What specialists treat rotator cuff disease?
    • What is the prognosis (outlook) for rotator cuff disease?
    • Is it possible to prevent rotator cuff disease?
  • Behcet's Syndrome Behçet's syndrome is a disease characterized by three symptoms: genital ulcers, recurring mouth ulcers, and inflammation...learn more »
    In This Article
    Behcet's Syndrome Article
    • Behçet's syndrome facts
    • What is Behçet's syndrome?
    • What causes and contagious of Behçet's syndrome?
    • What are symptoms of Behçet's syndrome?
    • How is Behçet's syndrome diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment of Behçet's syndrome?
  • Shigella Shigellosis is a disease caused by the Shigella bacteria. Bloody diarrhea, stomach cramps and fever are common symptoms. Mild...learn more »
    In This Article
    Shigella Article
    • Shingellosis facts*
    • What is shigellosis? What causes shigellosis?
    • What sort of germ is Shigella?
    • How can Shigella infections be diagnosed?
    • How can Shigella infections be treated?
    • Are there long term consequences of a Shigella infection?
    • How do people catch Shigella?
    • What can a person do to prevent this illness?
    • How common is shigellosis?
    • What else can be done to prevent shigellosis?
    • What is the government doing about shigellosis?
    • How can I learn more about this and other public health problems?
    • Some tips for preventing the spread of shigellosis
  • Paget's Disease Paget's disease is a chronic bone disorder due to irregular breakdown and formation of bone tissue. Symptoms of Paget's disease...learn more »
    In This Article
    Paget's Disease Article
    • Paget's disease facts
    • What is Paget's disease?
    • What causes Paget's disease?
    • What are Paget's disease symptoms?
    • How is Paget's disease diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for Paget's disease?
    • What is the prognosis for Paget's disease?
    • Who discovered Paget's disease?
    • Where can I find more information about Paget's disease?
  • Kyphosis Kyphosis is outward curvature of the thoracic spine (upper back). Abnormal kyphosis results in the appearance of a hunchback,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Kyphosis Article
    • Kyphosis facts
    • What is kyphosis?
    • What are the symptoms of kyphosis?
    • What causes abnormal kyphosis? What are the types of kyphosis?
    • When should you seek medical attention?
    • What tests is your physician likely to obtain?
    • How is abnormal kyphosis treated?
    • What are the potential complications of surgery for kyphosis?
    • What ongoing care is required for patients with kyphosis?
    • How can I prevent kyphosis?
    • What is the prognosis for kyphosis?
  • Relapsing Polychondritis Relapsing polychondritis is an uncommon, chronic disorder of the cartilage that is characterized by recurrent episodes of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Relapsing Polychondritis Article
    • Relapsing polychondritis facts
    • What is relapsing polychondritis?
    • What causes relapsing polychondritis?
    • What are symptoms and signs of relapsing polychondritis?
    • How is relapsing polychondritis diagnosed?
    • Can relapsing polychondritis be associated with other diseases?
    • What medications are used to treat relapsing polychondritis?
    • What is the long-term outlook (prognosis) for patients with relapsing polychondritis?
  • Ganglion A ganglion is a fluid-filled cyst that forms from the joint or tendon lining. Ganglia are most frequently found in the ankles and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Ganglion Article
    • What is a ganglion?
    • Where do ganglia form and what symptoms do they cause?
    • How are ganglia treated?
  • Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory Drugs and Ulcers Nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are prescribed medications for the treatment of inflammatory conditions. Examples of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory Drugs and Ulcers Article
    • What are nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)?
    • What are the side effects of NSAIDs?
    • How do NSAIDs work and how do they cause stomach problems?
    • If a stomach ulcer is detected, how is it treated?
    • Can NSAID-related ulcers and complications be prevented?
  • Kawasaki's Disease Kawasaki disease is a rare children's disease characterized by a fever that lasts more than five days and at least four of the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Kawasaki's Disease Article
    • Kawasaki's disease facts
    • What is Kawasaki's disease, and how do doctors diagnose it?
    • What is mucocutaneous lymph node syndrome?
    • What are causes and risk factors of Kawasaki's disease?
    • Who develops Kawasaki's disease?
    • What are the usual symptoms and signs of Kawasaki's disease?
    • What are unusual signs and symptoms of Kawasaki's disease?
    • What is the difference between Kawasaki's disease and Kawasaki's syndrome?
    • Is Kawasaki's disease contagious?
    • How can Kawasaki's disease cause serious complications?
    • What is the treatment for Kawasaki's disease?
    • What is the prognosis for children with Kawasaki's disease?
    • Is it possible to prevent Kawasaki's disease?
  • Mycobacterium Marinum Mycobacterium marinum (M. marinum) is bacteria found in fresh and saltwater that can infect the skin through cuts or scrapes,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Mycobacterium Marinum Article
    • What is Mycobacterium marinum?
    • What are other names for Mycobacterium marinum infections?
    • How common is Mycobacterium marinum?
    • How does a person get infected with Mycobacterium marinum?
    • Who is at risk for Mycobacterium marinum infection?
    • What are the symptoms of Mycobacterium marinum infection?
    • What tests are available to diagnose the infection?
    • How is Mycobacterium marinum infection treated?
    • What is the prognosis for those infected with Mycobacterium marinum?
    • What are possible complications from Mycobacterium marinum?
    • Do fish get infected with Mycobacterium marinum?
    • What else could it be?
    • How can I prevent this infection?
  • SAPHO Syndrome SAPHO syndrome is a chronic disorder that involves the skin, bone, and joints. SAPHO syndrome is an eponym for the combination of...learn more »
    In This Article
    SAPHO Syndrome Article
    • SAPHO syndrome facts
    • What is SAPHO syndrome?
    • What causes SAPHO syndrome, and what are risk factors for developing it?
    • Is SAPHO syndrome related to other joint conditions?
    • What are symptoms and signs of SAPHO syndrome?
    • How is SAPHO syndrome diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for SAPHO syndrome?
    • What is the outlook (prognosis) for patients with SAPHO syndrome?
    • Can SAPHO syndrome be prevented?
  • Senior Sex Enjoying a satisfying sex life as we age is important to both physical and mental health. As we age, diseases and conditions may...learn more »
    In This Article
    Senior Sex Article
    • Senior sex facts*
    • Introduction to senior sex
    • What are the normal physical changes with age?
    • What causes sexual problems as we age?
    • What else may cause sexuality problems?
    • Am I too old to worry about safe sex?
    • Can emotions play a part?
    • What can I do to have an active sex life as I age?
  • Symptoms of 12 Serious Diseases and Health Problems Learn how to recognize serious diseases and health problems like strokes, heart attacks, cancers, reproductive problems in...learn more »
  • Flatfoot (Pes Planus) Flatfoot is a disorder in which the foot's entire sole is touching the ground while standing. Symptoms and signs of flatfoot...learn more »
    In This Article
    Flatfoot (Pes Planus) Article
    • What is flatfoot?
    • What are the different types of flatfoot?
    • What are other causes of flatfoot?
    • What are flatfoot symptoms and signs?
    • How is flatfoot diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for flatfoot?
    • What is the prognosis of flatfoot?
  • Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis) Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (juvenile rheumatoid arthritis or JRA) annually affects one child in every thousand. There are six...learn more »
    In This Article
    Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis) Article
    • Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA)/juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA) facts
    • What is juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA)/juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA)?
    • What are causes and risk factors of juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA)/juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA) arthritis?
    • What are juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA)/juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA) symptoms and signs, and how are the different types of juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA)/juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA) diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA)/juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA)? What medications treat JIA/JRA?
    • What are complications of juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA)/juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA)?
    • What is the prognosis of juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA)/juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA)?
  • Stem Cells Stem cells are referred to as undifferentiated cells due to the fact that they have not yet committed to a developmental path to...learn more »
    In This Article
    Stem Cells Article
    • Stem cell facts
    • What are stem cells?
    • Why are stem cells important?
    • Embryonic stem cells
    • Fetal stem cells
    • Adult stem cells
    • Peripheral blood stem cells
    • Umbilical cord stem cells
    • Induced pluripotent stem cells
    • Why is there controversy surrounding the use of stem cells?
    • What are some stem cell therapies that are currently available?
    • What are experimental treatments using stem cells and possible future directions for stem cell therapy?
  • Pain Management: Musculoskeletal Pain Natural menopause is the permanent ending of menstruation that is not brought on by any type of medical treatment. For women...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pain Management: Musculoskeletal Pain Article
    • What causes musculoskeletal pain?
    • What are the symptoms of musculoskeletal pain?
    • How is musculoskeletal pain diagnosed?
    • How is musculoskeletal pain treated?
  • Gaucher Disease Gaucher disease is caused by an inherited (genetic) defect in an enzyme glucocerebroside. Signs and symptoms for Gaucher...learn more »
    In This Article
    Gaucher Disease Article
    • Gaucher disease facts
    • What is Gaucher disease?
    • What are the symptoms of Gaucher disease?
    • How is Gaucher disease inherited?
    • How common is Gaucher disease?
    • What are the types of Gaucher disease?
    • What causes Gaucher disease?
    • Which specialties of doctors treat Gaucher disease?
    • Is there a test to diagnose Gaucher disease?
    • What is the treatment for Gaucher disease?
    • What is the prognosis, or life-expectancy, for someone with Gaucher disease?
    • Should I talk to my family about Gaucher disease?
    • What help is available for patients and their families living with Gaucher disease?
    • What other names are used to refer to Gaucher disease?
  • Essential Mixed Cryoglobulinemia Essential mixed cryoglobulinemia is a condition caused by abnormal blood proteins called cryoglobulins. Symptoms include joint...learn more »
    In This Article
    Essential Mixed Cryoglobulinemia Article
    • What is cryoglobulinemia?
    • What conditions are associated with cryoglobulinemia?
    • What is essential mixed cryoglobulinemia?
    • What is the prognosis (outlook) for patients with essential mixed cryoglobulinemia?
    • How is essential mixed cryoglobulinemia treated?
  • Alkaptonuria Alkaptonuria is a condition that causes urine to turn black when exposed to air. Alkaptonuria is inherited, and usually appears...learn more »
    In This Article
    Alkaptonuria Article
    • What is alkaptonuria?
    • How common is alkaptonuria?
    • What genes are related to alkaptonuria?
    • How do people inherit alkaptonuria?
    • Where can I find information about treatment for alkaptonuria?
    • What other names do people use for alkaptonuria?
  • Quackery of Arthritis Arthritis patients are sometimes vulnerable to quackery (the business of promoting unproven remedies). These "quick fix"...learn more »