Apgar Score (cont.)

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Why was the Apgar score developed?

The score is named for the preeminent American anesthesiologist Dr. Virginia Apgar (1909-1974), who invented the scoring method in 1952. Having assisted at thousands of deliveries, Dr. Apgar wished to focus attention on the baby. Babies were traditionally dispatched directly to the nursery, often without much formal scrutiny after delivery. Apgar wanted the baby to be assessed in an organized, meaningful manner by the delivery-room personnel. Dr. Apgar was the first woman to be appointed a full professor at Columbia University's College of Physicians and Surgeons.


American Academy of Pediatrics. "Use and Abuse of the Apgar Score." Pediatrics 78.6 Dec. 1986: 1148-1149.

Cash, Sheryl. "What's in a Score -- Revised Policy Statement Cautions Against Using the Apgar Score as a Prognostic Tool." AAP News 27.4 Apr. 2006: 1-5.

Iyer, Ravi. "The Apgar Score." Pediatrics 118.3 Sept. 2006: 1314.

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 11/16/2015