Anxiety Related Diseases & Conditions

Medical conditions are often related to other diseases and conditions. Our doctors have compiled a list of ailments related to the topic of Anxiety. These conditions may be a cause or symptom of Anxiety or be a condition for which you may be at increased risk.

  • Rosacea Rosacea is a skin disease that causes redness of the forehead, chin, and lower half of the nose. In addition to inflammation of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Rosacea Article
    • Rosacea facts
    • What is rosacea? Is rosacea contagious?
    • Is rosacea like acne?
    • What are causes and risk factors of rosacea?
    • What are rosacea symptoms and signs?
    • How is rosacea diagnosed?
    • What happens to the nose and the eyes?
    • How is rosacea cured?
    • What about using acne medicine?
    • What is the treatment for rosacea?
    • What should be avoided? What foods are good for rosacea?
    • What natural remedies can help rosacea?
    • Does rosacea get worse with age?
    • How should I care for the skin of my face?
    • How are the telangiectasias (the red lines) treated?
    • How is a rhinophyma (the W.C. Fields nose) treated?
    • What effect may rosacea have on my life?
    • Where can people get more information about rosacea?
  • Muscle Spasms Muscle spasms are involuntary muscle contractions that come on suddenly and are usually quite painful. Dehydration, doing...learn more »
    In This Article
    Muscle Spasms Article
    • Muscle spasm facts
    • What is a muscle spasm?
    • What causes a muscle spasm?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of muscle spasms?
    • How are muscle spasms diagnosed?
    • How are muscle spasms treated?
  • Lyme Disease Lyme disease is a bacterial illness, which is spread by ticks when they bite the skin. Initially the disease affects the skin...learn more »
    In This Article
    Lyme Disease Article
    • Lyme disease facts
    • What is Lyme disease? What causes Lyme disease?
    • What is the history of Lyme disease?
    • What are symptoms and signs of Lyme disease?
    • How is Lyme disease diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for Lyme disease, and what is its prognosis?
    • How can Lyme disease be prevented? Is there a vaccine?
  • Intestinal Gas (Belching, Bloating, Flatulence) Gas or "intestinal gas" means different things to different people. Everyone has gas and eliminates it by belching or farting...learn more »
    In This Article
    Intestinal Gas (Belching, Bloating, Flatulence) Article
    • Intestinal gas facts
    • What causes belching?
    • What causes bloating?
    • What causes flatulence (gas)?
    • What are the causes of intermittent abdominal bloating/distention?
    • How is belching, bloating/distention, and flatulence evaluated?
    • How is excessive intestinal gas treated?
  • Panic Attacks Panic attacks are sudden feelings of terror that strike without warning. These episodes can occur at any time, even during sleep....learn more »
    In This Article
    Panic Attacks Article
    • Panic attack facts
    • What are panic attacks?
    • What are panic attack symptoms and signs in adults, teenagers, and children?
    • Are panic attacks serious?
    • What are causes and risk factors for panic attacks?
    • How is panic disorder diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for panic attacks? What medications treat panic attacks?
    • What are complications of untreated panic attacks?
    • What is the prognosis for panic disorder?
    • How are panic attacks prevented?
  • Chronic Rhinitis and Post-Nasal Drip Allergic rhinitis symptoms include an itchy, runny nose, sneezing, itchy ears, eyes, and throat. Seasonal allergic rhinitis (also...learn more »
    In This Article
    Chronic Rhinitis and Post-Nasal Drip Article
    • Chronic rhinitis and post-nasal drip facts
    • What is the purpose of the nose?
    • What are rhinitis and post-nasal drip?
    • What causes rhinitis?
    • Is rhinitis always related to allergies?
    • What conditions cause an abnormal production of nasal secretions?
    • What conditions cause an impaired clearance of nasal secretions?
    • How can chronic rhinitis and post-nasal drip be treated?
    • What medications can be used to treat rhinitis and post-nasal drip?
    • What can be used to treat non-allergic rhinitis?
    • Does salt water have any role in the treatment of rhinitis and post-nasal drip?
    • What are other options for the treatment of rhinitis and post-nasal drip?
    • Terminology
  • Parkinson's Disease Parkinson's disease is a slowly progressive neurologic disease characterized by a fixed inexpressive face, a tremor at rest,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Parkinson's Disease Article
    • Parkinson's disease facts
    • What is Parkinson's disease?
    • What causes Parkinson's disease?
    • What genes are linked to Parkinson's disease?
    • Who is at risk for Parkinson's disease?
    • What are the symptoms of Parkinson's disease?
    • What other conditions resemble Parkinson's disease?
    • How is Parkinson's disease diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for Parkinson's disease?
    • How can people learn to cope with Parkinson's disease?
    • Can Parkinson's disease be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis for Parkinson's disease?
  • Dry Mouth (Xerostomia) Dry mouth is a common side effect of many prescription and non-prescription drugs and certain medical conditions. Symptoms of dry...learn more »
    In This Article
    Dry Mouth (Xerostomia) Article
    • What is dry mouth?
    • How common is dry mouth?
    • What causes dry mouth?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of dry mouth?
    • What is the treatment for dry mouth?
    • Can dry mouth be prevented?
  • Tension Headache A tension headache is a headache previously thought to be caused by contraction of the muscles in the back of the neck, on the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Tension Headache Article
    • What is a tension headache?
    • What causes tension headaches?
    • What are the symptoms of tension headache?
    • How are tension headaches diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for tension headache?
    • Are home remedies effective for tension headache?
    • Can tension headaches be prevented?
  • Alcoholism Alcoholism is a disease that includes alcohol craving and continued drinking despite repeated alcohol-related problems, such as...learn more »
    In This Article
    Alcoholism Article
    • Alcohol use disorder facts
    • What is alcohol abuse?
    • What is alcoholism?
    • What differentiates alcohol abuse from alcoholism?
    • What are risk factors for alcoholism?
    • What causes alcoholism? Is alcoholism hereditary?
    • What are alcohol abuse and alcoholism symptoms and signs in teenagers, women, men, and the elderly?
    • How do physicians diagnose alcohol use disorder?
    • What are the stages of alcohol use disorder?
    • What is the treatment for alcohol use disorder?
    • What medications treat alcohol use disorder?
    • How can you tell if someone has a drinking problem?
    • Can an alcoholic just cut back or stop drinking?
    • Is there a safe level of drinking?
    • Is it safe to drink alcohol while pregnant?
    • How can someone find more information or get help or support to treat alcohol use disorder?
    • What are the long-term physical and psychological effects of alcohol use disorder?
    • What is codependency, and what is the treatment for codependency?
    • Is it possible to prevent alcohol use disorder?
    • What is the prognosis of alcohol use disorder?
  • Sexual Addiction The term sex addiction describes the behavior of someone who has an unusually strong sex drive or sexual obsession. Sex and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sexual Addiction Article
    • Sexual addiction facts
    • What is sexual addiction, and what are the types of sexual addiction?
    • What are causes and risk factors for sexual addiction?
    • What are sexual addiction symptoms and signs?
    • How is sexual addiction diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for sexual addiction?
    • What is the prognosis of sexual addiction?
    • Can sexual addiction be prevented?
    • What are complications of sexual addiction?
    • Are support groups available for sex addicts?
    • What research is being done on sexual addiction?
  • Cystic Fibrosis Cystic fibrosis is a disease of the mucus and sweat glands. Cystic fibrosis is an inherited disease. The outcome of the disease...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cystic Fibrosis Article
    • Cystic fibrosis facts*
    • What is cystic fibrosis?
    • What are other names for cystic fibrosis?
    • What causes cystic fibrosis?
    • Is cystic fibrosis inherited?
    • Who is at risk for cystic fibrosis?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of cystic fibrosis?
    • How is cystic fibrosis diagnosed?
    • How is cystic fibrosis treated?
    • Living with cystic fibrosis
    • What is the outlook for cystic fibrosis?
  • Restless Leg Syndrome Restless leg syndrome (RLS or restless legs syndrome) is a common cause for painful legs that typically eases with motion, and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Restless Leg Syndrome Article
    • Restless leg syndrome facts
    • What is restless leg syndrome (RLS)?
    • What causes restless leg syndrome?
    • What are the symptoms of restless leg syndrome?
    • How is restless leg syndrome diagnosed?
    • Can other conditions mimic restless leg syndrome?
    • What is the treatment for restless leg syndrome?
    • What medications are used to treat restless leg syndrome?
    • Are there any remedies or complimentary/alternative treatments for restless leg syndrome?
  • Burning Mouth Syndrome Burning mouth syndrome (BMS) is a condition that causes pain in the mouth. BMS may be caused by menopause, dry mouth or...learn more »
    In This Article
    Burning Mouth Syndrome Article
    • Burning mouth syndrome facts*
    • Burning mouth syndrome introduction
    • What are signs and symptoms of burning mouth syndrome?
    • What are causes of burning mouth syndrome?
    • How is burning mouth syndrome diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for burning mouth syndrome?
    • What are helpful tips for dealing with burning mouth syndrome?
  • Fatigue Fatigue can be described in various ways. Sometimes fatigue is described as feeling a lack of energy and motivation (both mental...learn more »
    In This Article
    Fatigue Article
    • Fatigue Facts
    • Fatigue introduction
    • What causes fatigue?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of fatigue?
    • How is the cause of fatigue diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for fatigue?
    • Can fatigue be prevented?
  • Colic in Babies Colic is crying or fussing that begins suddenly, lasting for a total of three hours a day and happening more than three days a...learn more »
    In This Article
    Colic in Babies Article
    • Colic facts
    • What is colic?
    • What are colic symptoms and signs in babies?
    • What can be done to help with colic in babies?
    • What can the doctor do to help a colicky baby? What is the treatment for colic in an infant?
  • Indigestion (Dyspepsia, Upset Stomach) Dyspepsia (indigestion) is a functional disease in which the gastrointestinal organs, primarily the stomach and first part of the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Indigestion (Dyspepsia, Upset Stomach) Article
    • Dyspepsia (indigestion) facts
    • What is dyspepsia (indigestion)?
    • What are the symptoms of dyspepsia (indigestion)?
    • What causes dyspepsia (indigestion)?
    • What is the course of dyspepsia (indigestion)?
    • What are the complications of dyspepsia (indigestion)?
    • How is dyspepsia (indigestion) diagnosed?
    • Exclusion of other diseases
    • Specific tests of gastrointestinal function
    • How is dyspepsia (indigestion) treated and relieved?
    • What is a reasonable approach to the diagnosis and treatment of dyspepsia (indigestion)?
    • What is in the future for dyspepsia (indigestion)?
  • Sleep Apnea Sleep apnea is defined as a reduction or cessation of breathing during sleep. The three types of sleep apnea are central apnea,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sleep Apnea Article
    • Sleep apnea facts
    • What is sleep apnea?
    • What are the types of sleep apnea?
    • What is central sleep apnea and what causes it?
    • What is obstructive sleep apnea and what causes it?
    • How common is obstructive sleep apnea?
    • What are obstructive sleep apnea symptoms?
    • What are some of the complications of sleep apnea?
    • How is obstructive sleep apnea diagnosed and evaluated?
    • What are the nonsurgical treatments for obstructive sleep apnea?
    • What are the surgical treatments for obstructive sleep apnea?
    • Why is it important to treat obstructive sleep apnea?
  • Jet Lag Jet lag (desynchonosis) is a temporary disorder that results from travel across time zones. Symptoms include anxiety,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Jet Lag Article
    • What is jet lag?
    • What are other symptoms and signs of jet lag?
    • What is a time zone?
    • Why does jet lag occur?
    • How does the body keep time?
    • What is the role of melatonin in jet lag?
    • Does the direction of travel matter?
    • Do the symptoms of jet lag vary in intensity?
    • How long does jet lag last?
    • What are the best ways to cope with jet lag?
    • Should I take melatonin?
  • Tourette Syndrome Tourette syndrome is disorder, which symptoms include involuntary facial tics, motor tics, and vocal tics. The cause of Tourette...learn more »
    In This Article
    Tourette Syndrome Article
    • What is Tourette syndrome?
    • What are the symptoms of Tourette syndrome?
    • What is the course of Tourette syndrome?
    • Can people with Tourette syndrome control their tics?
    • What causes Tourette syndrome?
    • What disorders are associated with Tourette syndrome?
    • How is Tourette syndrome diagnosed?
    • How is Tourette syndrome treated?
    • Is Tourette syndrome inherited?
    • What is the prognosis for Tourette syndrome?
    • What is the best educational setting for children with Tourette syndrome?
    • What research is being done for Tourette syndrome?
    • Where can I get more information about Tourette syndrome?
  • Mitral Valve Prolapse (MVP) Mitral valve prolapse (MVP) is also also known as "click murmur syndrome" and "Barlow's syndrome." Mitral valve prolapse is the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Mitral Valve Prolapse (MVP) Article
    • Mitral valve prolapse facts
    • What is mitral valve prolapse?
    • What are the sign and symptoms of mitral valve prolapse?
    • How is mitral valve prolapse diagnosed and evaluated?
    • What is the treatment for mitral valve prolapse?
  • Cancer Cancer is a disease caused by an abnormal growth of cells, also called malignancy. It is a group of 100 different diseases, and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cancer Article
    • Cancer facts
    • What is cancer?
    • What causes cancer?
    • What are cancer symptoms and signs?
    • What are the different types of cancer?
    • How is cancer diagnosed?
    • How is cancer staging determined?
    • What is the treatment for cancer?
    • What is the prognosis for cancer?
    • Can cancer be prevented?
    • Where can people find more information about cancer?
  • Depression Depression is an illness that involves the body, mood, and thoughts and affects the way a person eats and sleeps, the way one...learn more »
    In This Article
    Depression Article
    • Depression facts
    • What is a depressive disorder?
    • What are myths about depression?
    • What are the types of depression, and what are depression symptoms and signs?
    • Depression symptoms and signs in men
    • Depression symptoms and signs in women
    • Depression symptoms and signs in teenagers
    • Depression symptoms and signs in children
    • What are the causes and risk factors of depression?
    • Postpartum depression
    • How is depression diagnosed?
    • What treatments are available for depression?
    • What is the general approach to treating depression?
    • What about sexual dysfunction related to antidepressants?
    • What about discontinuing antidepressants?
    • What are complications of depression?
    • What is the prognosis for depression?
    • How can depression be prevented?
    • What about self-help and home remedies?
    • How can someone help a person who is depressed?
    • Where can one seek help for depression?
    • What is in the future for depression?
    • Where can people find more information about depression?
  • Fibromyalgia Fibromyalgia is a chronic pain condition characterized by symptoms such as fatigue, sleep disturbances, and tender points. Stress...learn more »
    In This Article
    Fibromyalgia Article
    • Fibromyalgia facts
    • What is fibromyalgia?
    • What causes fibromyalgia?
    • Is fibromyalgia hereditary?
    • What are risk factors for fibromyalgia?
    • What are fibromyalgia symptoms and signs?
    • How do physicians diagnose fibromyalgia?
    • What is the treatment for fibromyalgia?
    • Are there any home remedies for fibromyalgia?
    • Does diet or exercise affect fibromyalgia?
    • What is the prognosis of fibromyalgia?
    • Is it possible to prevent fibromyalgia?
    • Are there support groups for fibromyalgia?
    • What is the latest research on fibromyalgia?
  • Bipolar Disorder Bipolar disorder (or manic depression) is a mental illness characterized by depression, mania, and severe mood swings. Treatment...learn more »
    In This Article
    Bipolar Disorder Article
    • Bipolar disorder facts
    • What is bipolar disorder?
    • What is the history of bipolar disorder?
    • What are the types of bipolar disorder?
    • What are bipolar disorder causes and risk factors?
    • What are bipolar disorder symptoms and signs in adults, teenagers, and children?
    • How is bipolar disorder diagnosed?
    • What illnesses often coexist with bipolar disorder?
    • What are bipolar disorder medications and other treatments? Are there any home remedies or alternative treatments for bipolar disorder?
    • How is bipolar disorder treated during pregnancy and the postpartum period?
    • What are complications and prognosis/effects over time of bipolar disorder?
    • Can bipolar disorder be prevented?
    • Where can people find more information about bipolar disorder?
    • Where can people find support to help them cope with bipolar disorder?
  • Pheochromocytoma Pheochromocytoma is a tumor of the adrenal gland. Pheochromocytomas are quite rare and the vast majority of them are entirely...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pheochromocytoma Article
    • Pheochromocytoma facts
    • What is a pheochromocytoma?
    • What are the symptoms of a pheochromocytoma?
    • What conditions are associated with pheochromocytomas?
    • What else can cause the symptoms of a pheochromocytoma?
    • How is pheochromocytoma diagnosis?
    • How is a pheochromocytoma treated?
    • What is the prognosis with a pheochromocytoma?
  • Dissociative Identity Disorder Dissociative identity disorder (formerly known as multiple personality disorder or split personality disorder) is a mental...learn more »
    In This Article
    Dissociative Identity Disorder Article
    • Dissociative identity disorder (DID) facts
    • What is dissociative identity disorder?
    • What are causes and risk factors of dissociative identity disorder?
    • What are dissociative identity disorder symptoms and signs?
    • How is dissociative identity disorder diagnosed?
    • What are the treatment methods for dissociative identity disorder?
    • What is the prognosis for dissociative identity disorder?
    • What are complications of dissociative identity disorder?
    • How can dissociative identity disorder be prevented?
  • Anaphylaxis Anaphylaxis is a serious allergic reaction that affects a number of different areas of the body at one time, and can be fatal....learn more »
    In This Article
    Anaphylaxis Article
    • Anaphylaxis facts
    • Introduction to anaphylaxis
    • What is the history of anaphylaxis?
    • How common is anaphylaxis?
    • What are common causes of anaphylaxis?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of anaphylaxis?
    • What happens after the symptoms begin?
    • Are there any disorders that appear similar to anaphylaxis?
    • How is anaphylaxis diagnosed?
    • How do we manage anaphylaxis?
    • What are emergency measures used in the treatment of anaphylaxis?
    • Can anaphylaxis be prevented?
  • Chronic Fatigue Syndrome Chronic fatigue syndrome is a debilitating and complex disorder characterized by profound fatigue that lasts 6 months or longer,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Chronic Fatigue Syndrome Article
    • Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) facts
    • What is chronic fatigue syndrome?
    • What causes chronic fatigue syndrome?
    • What are risk factors for chronic fatigue syndrome?
    • What are symptoms and signs of chronic fatigue syndrome?
    • What are chronic fatigue syndrome symptoms in men?
    • What are chronic fatigue syndrome symptoms in women?
    • How is chronic fatigue syndrome diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for chronic fatigue syndrome?
    • Is there a cure for chronic fatigue syndrome?
    • What is the prognosis of chronic fatigue syndrome?
    • Can chronic fatigue syndrome be prevented?
    • Where can people find additional information about chronic fatigue syndrome?
  • Head and Neck Cancer Head and neck cancer is cancer of the oral cavity, salivary glands, paranasal sinuses and nasal cavity, pharynx, larynx, or lymph...learn more »
    In This Article
    Head and Neck Cancer Article
    • Head and neck cancer facts*
    • What is cancer?
    • What kinds of cancers are considered cancers of the head and neck?
    • How common are head and neck cancers?
    • What causes head and neck cancers?
    • What are common symptoms of head and neck cancers?
    • How are head and neck cancers diagnosed?
    • What health professionals treat patients with head and neck cancers?
    • How are head and neck cancers treated?
    • Are clinical trials (research studies) available for patients with head and neck cancers?
    • What rehabilitation or support options are available for patients with head and neck cancers?
    • Is follow-up treatment necessary? What does it involve?
    • What can people who have had head and neck cancer do to reduce the risk of developing a second primary (new) cancer?
  • Wisdom Teeth Wisdom teeth are the third set of molars that people get in their late teens or early twenties. Impacted wisdom teeth that only...learn more »
    In This Article
    Wisdom Teeth Article
    • What are wisdom teeth?
    • How do I know if I have wisdom teeth?
    • Do all wisdom teeth need to be extracted?
    • How is wisdom teeth extraction performed?
    • What is the recovery like after wisdom teeth extraction?
    • What are the potential risks and complications of wisdom teeth extraction?
    • How much does wisdom teeth extraction cost?
  • Insomnia Insomnia is the perception or complaint of inadequate or poor-quality sleep because of difficulty falling asleep; waking up...learn more »
    In This Article
    Insomnia Article
    • What is insomnia?
    • What causes insomnia?
    • What are other causes of insomnia?
    • What are the risk factors for insomnia?
    • What are the symptoms of insomnia?
    • When should I call the doctor about insomnia?
    • How is insomnia diagnosed?
    • How is insomnia treated?
    • What are non-medical treatments for insomnia?
    • What is sleep hygiene?
    • How can stimulus control help with insomnia?
    • What is sleep restriction?
    • What medications are used to treat insomnia?
    • What is the outlook for insomnia?
    • Insomnia At A Glance
  • Drug Abuse Drug addiction is a chronic disease that causes drug-seeking behavior and drug use despite negative consequences to the user and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Drug Abuse Article
    • Drug abuse and addiction facts
    • What is drug abuse?
    • What is drug addiction?
    • What types of drugs are commonly abused?
    • What are the physical and psychological effects of drug abuse and addiction?
    • What are causes and risk factors for drug abuse and addiction?
    • What are symptoms and signs of drug abuse and addiction?
    • What happens to your brain when you take drugs?
    • How is drug addiction diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for drug addiction?
    • What are complications of drug addiction?
    • What is the prognosis of drug addiction?
    • Can drug abuse and addiction be prevented?
    • Where can people get help for drug abuse or addiction?
  • Borderline Personality Disorder Borderline personality disorder is a serious mental illness characterized by pervasive instability in moods, interpersonal...learn more »
    In This Article
    Borderline Personality Disorder Article
    • Borderline personality disorder facts
    • What is borderline personality disorder (BPD)?
    • What other disorders often occur with BPD?
    • What causes borderline personality disorder?
    • What are the risk factors for borderline personality disorder?
    • What are borderline personality disorder symptoms and signs?
    • How is borderline personality disorder diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for borderline personality disorder?
    • What are borderline personality disorder complications?
    • What is the prognosis of people with borderline personality disorder?
    • How can borderline personality disorder be prevented?
    • Where can I get more information on borderline personality disorder?
  • Teeth Grinding (Bruxism) Bruxism is the medical term for teeth grinding. Bruxism may be caused by stress or anxiety and often happens during sleep....learn more »
    In This Article
    Teeth Grinding (Bruxism) Article
    • What causes people to grind their teeth?
    • What are bruxism symptoms and signs?
    • Why is teeth grinding harmful?
    • What is the treatment for bruxism?
    • Do children grind their teeth?
  • Sleep A number of vital tasks carried out during sleep help maintain good health and enable people to function at their best. Sleep...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sleep Article
    • What is sleep?
    • What are the stages of sleep?
    • How much sleep does a person need?
    • Does the amount of sleep we need change as we age?
    • What are signs and symptoms of sleep deprivation?
    • What are and what causes sleep disorders?
    • How are sleep problems diagnosed?
    • How are sleep problems treated?
    • Sleep hygiene
    • Other therapies
    • Sleep aids (prescription and OTC)
    • Are sleep problems and disease related?
    • How can I get a good night's sleep?
  • Agoraphobia Agoraphobia is a fear of being outside or of being in a situation from which escape would be impossible. Symptoms include...learn more »
    In This Article
    Agoraphobia Article
    • Agoraphobia facts
    • What is agoraphobia?
    • What causes agoraphobia?
    • What are the symptoms of agoraphobia?
    • What are the risk factors for agoraphobia?
    • When should one seek medical care for agoraphobia?
    • How do physicians diagnose agoraphobia?
    • What is the treatment for agoraphobia?
    • What are the complications of agoraphobia?
    • What is the prognosis for agoraphobia?
    • Is it possible to prevent agoraphobia?
    • Is there coping and support information for both agoraphobia patients and their family members and loved ones?
  • Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) Obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) is an anxiety disorder that causes a person to suffer repeated obsessions and compulsions....learn more »
    In This Article
    Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) Article
    • Obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) facts
    • What is obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD), and what are OCD symptoms?
    • What causes OCD?
    • How is OCD diagnosed?
    • What are the treatments for OCD?
    • What happens if OCD is not treated? What are complications of obsessive compulsive disorder?
    • What is the prognosis for OCD?
    • How is OCD prevented?
    • Where can I get more information about obsessive compulsive disorder?
  • Narcolepsy Narcolepsy, a chronic disease of the central nervous system causes have not been fully determined. Some theories include...learn more »
    In This Article
    Narcolepsy Article
    • Narcolepsy facts
    • What is narcolepsy?
    • How common is narcolepsy?
    • What causes narcolepsy?
    • What are the symptoms of narcolepsy?
    • Excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS)
    • Cataplexy
    • Hypnagogic hallucinations
    • Sleep paralysis
    • Additional symptoms
    • How is narcolepsy diagnosed?
    • How is narcolepsy treated?
    • Medications
    • Non-drug treatments
    • What is the outcome (prognosis) for patients with narcolepsy?
    • What's in the future for narcolepsy?
    • For more information
  • Asperger's Syndrome (Asperger Syndrome, Asperger Disorder) Asperger's syndrome (AS, Asperger syndrome, Asperger disorder) is an autism spectrum disorder. Asperger's syndrome is...learn more »
    In This Article
    Asperger's Syndrome (Asperger Syndrome, Asperger Disorder) Article
    • Asperger's syndrome facts
    • What is Asperger's syndrome?
    • What causes Asperger's syndrome?
    • How common is Asperger's syndrome?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of Asperger's syndrome?
    • How is Asperger's syndrome diagnosed?
    • What are the risks or complications of Asperger's syndrome?
    • What are the treatments for Asperger's syndrome?
    • What is the prognosis for Asperger's syndrome?
  • Antisocial Personality Disorder Antisocial personality disorder (ASPD) has many symptoms, signs, and causes. Therapy is one treatment option for antisocial...learn more »
    In This Article
    Antisocial Personality Disorder Article
    • Antisocial personality disorder (ASPD) facts
    • What are antisocial personality disorder symptoms and signs?
    • What is the difference between antisocial personality disorder and psychopathy?
    • What are causes and risk factors of antisocial personality disorder?
    • How is antisocial personality disorder diagnosed?
    • What are the treatments for antisocial personality disorder?
    • What happens if antisocial personality disorder is not treated? What is the prognosis of antisocial personality disorder?
  • Pervasive Development Disorders Pervasive development disorders (PPDs) are conditions involving developmental delays in children. There are five types of PDDs:...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pervasive Development Disorders Article
    • Introduction to pervasive developmental disorders
    • What conditions are considered pervasive development disorders (PDDs)?
    • What are the symptoms of pervasive development disorders?
    • What causes pervasive development disorders?
    • How common are pervasive development disorders?
    • How are pervasive development disorders diagnosed?
    • How are pervasive development disorders treated?
    • What research is being done on pervasive development disorders?
    • What is the outlook for people with pervasive development disorders?
    • Can pervasive developmental disorders be prevented?
  • Dysthymia Dysthymia is a less severe form of chronic depression. Symptoms and signs include insomnia, suicidal thoughts, guilt, empty...learn more »
    In This Article
    Dysthymia Article
    • Dysthymia facts
    • What is dysthymia?
    • What are causes and risk factors for dysthymia?
    • What are symptoms and signs of dysthymia?
    • How do health-care professionals diagnose dysthymia?
    • What is the treatment for dysthymia?
    • What is the prognosis of dysthymia?
    • Is it possible to prevent dysthymia?
    • Are there support groups for people with dysthymia?
  • ICU Psychosis ICU psychosis is a disorder (also a form of delirium or acute brain failure) in which patients in an intensive care unit or a...learn more »
    In This Article
    ICU Psychosis Article
    • ICU psychosis facts
    • What is ICU psychosis?
    • What causes ICU psychosis?
    • What are the symptoms of ICU psychosis?
    • How is ICU psychosis diagnosed?
    • How is ICU psychosis treated?
    • Can ICU psychosis be prevented?
    • How long does ICU psychosis last?
    • How common is ICU psychosis?
    • What is an example of a situation of ICU psychosis?
    • Can ICU psychosis be dangerous?
  • Marijuana Get the latest marijuana statistics and information. Learn its negative effects and how this illegal drug, also known as pot,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Marijuana Article
    • Marijuana facts
    • What is marijuana, and how is it abused?
    • What is medical marijuana? How is medical marijuana prescribed?
    • What are other names for marijuana?
    • What is the history and different types of marijuana?
    • Is marijuana addictive?
    • What are the psychological and social effects of abusing marijuana?
    • What are the physical effects of abusing marijuana?
    • What are the treatments for marijuana abuse and addiction?
    • Can marijuana abuse and addiction be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis of marijuana abuse and addiction?
    • Where can people find more information about marijuana abuse and addiction?
  • Stress Management Techniques Stress may be considered as any physical, chemical, or emotional factor that causes bodily or mental unrest and that may be a...learn more »
    In This Article
    Stress Management Techniques Article
    • Stress-management facts
    • What is stress?
    • Who is most susceptible to stress?
    • What are the symptoms and effects of excess stress or "out-of-control" stress?
    • What can I do to better manage stress?
    • What are some effective stress-management strategies?
    • Exercise
    • Relaxation techniques/meditation
    • Time management
    • Organization skills
    • Support systems
    • How can I get help with stress management?
  • Teen Drug Abuse Drugs commonly abused by teens include tobacco products, marijuana, cold medications, inhalants, depressants, stimulants,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Teen Drug Abuse Article
    • Teen drug abuse facts
    • What drugs are abused by teenagers?
    • What are some adolescent drug use statistics?
    • What are the dangerous effects of drug use in teens?
    • How can parents prevent drug use?
    • What are the symptoms and warning signs of drug abuse?
    • What is drug abuse?
    • What are the causes and risk factors of teen drug use?
    • What are the symptoms of drug abuse in teens?
    • What is the treatment of drug intoxication?
    • What are treatments for drug addiction?
    • Where can a person get help for teen drug abuse?
  • Autism Spectrum Disorder (In Children and Adults) Autism in children and adults is a developmental disorder, characterized by impaired development in communication, social...learn more »
    In This Article
    Autism Spectrum Disorder (In Children and Adults) Article
    • Autism facts
    • What is autism?
    • How does autism impact the family?
    • What are the different types of autism?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of autism in children and adults?
    • Impairment of social interaction and communication
    • Behaviors
    • What causes autism?
    • Is autism genetic?
    • Do vaccines play a role in autism?
    • How is autism diagnosed in children and adults?
    • How is autism treated in children and adults?
    • What common sociobehavioral interventions are used to treat autism?
    • What are the common medications used to treat the symptoms of autism?
    • Can diet and supplements play a role in the treatment of autism?
    • What is the prognosis for children and adults with autism?
    • For more information about autism in children and adults
  • Sleepwalking Sleepwalking is a condition in which an individual walks or does other activities while asleep. Factors associated with...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sleepwalking Article
    • Sleepwalking facts
    • What is sleepwalking?
    • What are the causes, incidence, and risk factors of sleepwalking?
    • What are associated factors to consider?
    • What are symptoms of sleepwalking?
    • What are the signs and tests for sleepwalking?
    • What other conditions will my doctor consider before diagnosing sleepwalking?
    • What is the treatment for sleepwalking?
    • What is the prognosis of sleepwalking?
    • What are the complications of sleepwalking?
    • When should you call your health care practitioner about sleepwalking?
    • How can I prevent sleepwalking?
  • Suicide Suicide is the process of intentionally ending one's own life. Approximately 1 million people worldwide commit suicide each year,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Suicide Article
    • Suicide facts
    • What is suicide?
    • What are the effects of suicide?
    • What are some possible causes of suicide?
    • What are the risk factors and protective factors for suicide?
    • What are the signs and symptoms for suicide?
    • How are suicidal thoughts and behaviors assessed?
    • What is the treatment for suicidal thoughts and behaviors?
    • How can people cope with suicidal thoughts?
    • How can people cope with the suicide of a loved one?
    • Where can people get help?
  • Bug Bites and Stings Bug bites and stings have been known to transmit insect-borne illnesses such as West Nile virus, Rocky Mountain spotted fever,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Bug Bites and Stings Article
    • Bug bites and stings introduction
    • What can I do to keep insects away?
    • What's the proper way to use insect repellent?
    • What's the best way to remove a bee stinger?
    • What should I do if I find a tick on me or my child?
    • What can be done for itching and pain from bites and stings?
    • When is medical attention needed?
    • Where can I find more information on bug bites and stings?
  • Separation Anxiety Separation anxiety disorder is a common childhood anxiety disorder that has many causes. Infants, children, older kids and adults...learn more »
    In This Article
    Separation Anxiety Article
    • Separation anxiety disorder facts
    • What is separation anxiety disorder?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of separation anxiety disorder?
    • What are causes and risk factors for separation anxiety disorder?
    • How is separation anxiety disorder diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for separation anxiety disorder?
    • What happens if separation anxiety disorder is left untreated?
    • Where can I find more information on separation anxiety disorder?
  • Mental Health Mental health is an optimal way of thinking, relating to others, and feeling. All of the diagnosable mental disorders fall under...learn more »
    In This Article
    Mental Health Article
    • Mental health and mental illness facts
    • What is mental health?
    • What is mental illness?
    • What are common types of mental illness?
    • What are the causes and risk factors for mental illness?
    • What are symptoms and signs of mental illness?
    • How is mental illness diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for a mental health problem?
    • Can mental health disorders be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis for mental health problems?
    • Where can people get support for mental health disorders?
    • Where can people get more information about mental illnesses?
  • Alcohol and Teens Alcohol is the most frequently used drug by American teenagers. Teens that drink are more likely to drive under the influence,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Alcohol and Teens Article
    • Alcohol and teens facts
    • How much alcohol do teens use?
    • What are the dangerous effects of alcohol use in teens?
    • How can parents prevent alcohol use?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of alcohol intoxication?
    • What is alcoholism?
    • What are the causes and risk factors of teen alcoholism?
    • What are the symptoms of alcohol abuse in teens?
    • What is the treatment for alcohol intoxication?
    • What is alcohol poisoning?
    • What is the treatment for alcoholism?
    • What is the prognosis for alcoholism?
    • How can a teen get help for an alcohol problem?
  • Teen Depression Depression in teenagers may be caused by many factors. Symptoms of teen depression include apathy, irresponsible behavior,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Teen Depression Article
    • Teen depression facts
    • What is teen depression?
    • What are causes and risk factors for depression in teenagers?
    • What are teen depression symptoms and signs?
    • What are warning signs for teen suicide?
    • How is depression in teens diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for teen depression?
    • What are complications of teen depression?
    • What is the prognosis of teen depression?
    • Can teen depression be prevented?
    • What can family members and friends do to help a depressed teen?
    • Where can teens get support for depression?
  • Abdominal Migraines in Children and Adults Abdominal migraine in adults and children is a variant of migraine headaches. Abdominal migraine in children generally occurs in...learn more »
  • Adult ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder) Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common childhood behavioral problem that may persist into adulthood. About...learn more »
    In This Article
    Adult ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder) Article
    • Adult attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) facts
    • What is attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)?
    • What are causes and risk factors for adult ADHD?
    • How prevalent is adult ADHD?
    • What are symptoms and signs of adult ADHD?
    • How is ADHD in adults diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for adult ADHD?
    • Are there any home remedies for adult ADHD?
    • What are complications of adult ADHD?
    • What is the prognosis of adult ADHD?
    • Is it possible to prevent adult ADHD?
    • Are support groups available for those with adult ADHD?
    • Where can people find additional information on attention deficit hyperactivity disorder?
  • Bipolar Disorder in Children and Teens Bipolar disorder, or manic-depressive illness, is a disorder that causes unusual and extreme mood changes. Symptoms of bipolar...learn more »
    In This Article
    Bipolar Disorder in Children and Teens Article
    • Introduction
    • What is bipolar disorder?
    • What are common symptoms of bipolar disorder in children and teens?
    • What affects a child's risk of getting bipolar disorder?
    • How does bipolar disorder affect children and teens differently than adults?
    • How is bipolar disorder detected in children and teens?
    • What illnesses often co-exist with bipolar disorder in children and teens?
    • What treatments are available for children and teens with bipolar disorder?
    • What can children and teens with bipolar disorder expect from treatment?
    • Where can families of children with bipolar disorder get help?
    • Where can I go for help?
    • What if my child is in crisis?
    • For more information on bipolar disorder
  • Mental Illness in Children About 5 million children and adolescents in the U.S. suffer from a serious mental illness such as eating disorders, anxiety...learn more »
    In This Article
    Mental Illness in Children Article
    • Mental illness in children facts
    • What are the most common mental illnesses in children?
    • What are causes and risk factors for mental illness in children?
    • What are symptoms and signs of mental illness in children?
    • How is mental illness in children diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for mental illness in children?
    • What is the prognosis of mental illness in children?
    • Can mental illness in children be prevented?
    • What research is being done on mental illness in children?
    • Where can parents find information or support groups for mental illness in children?
  • Urinary Incontinence in Women Millions of women suffer from urinary incontinence (UI). UI occurs twice as often in women as in men. There are many types of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Urinary Incontinence in Women Article
    • Urinary incontinence (UI) in women facts*
    • What is urinary incontinence?
    • What are the types of urinary incontinence?
    • How is incontinence evaluated?
    • How is incontinence treated?
    • Points to remember
    • Hope through research
    • For more information
  • PANDAS (Pediatric Autoimmune Neuropsychiatric Disorders Associated With Streptococcal Infections) PANDAS is in part caused by an autoimmune response to a strep infection. Symptoms mimic those of OCD, ADHD, and include motor and...learn more »
    In This Article
    PANDAS (Pediatric Autoimmune Neuropsychiatric Disorders Associated With Streptococcal Infections) Article
    • Pediatric autoimmune neuropsychiatric disorders associated with streptococcal infections (PANDAS) facts
    • What is PANDAS?
    • Is PANDAS common?
    • What is the history of PANDAS?
    • What causes PANDAS?
    • What are symptoms and signs of PANDAS?
    • How is PANDAS diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for PANDAS?
    • What is the prognosis of PANDAS?
    • Can PANDAS be prevented?
  • Adult ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder) ADHD afflicts approximately 3 percent to 5 percent of school-age children and an estimated 60 percent of those maintain the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Adult ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder) Article
    • What is attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)?
    • What is the impact of ADHD in adults?
    • How common is ADHD in adults?
    • What are common adult ADHD symptoms, behaviors, and problems?
    • What school-related impairments are linked to adult ADHD?
    • What work-related impairments are linked to adult ADHD?
    • What social-related impairments are linked to adult ADHD?
    • What relationship-related impairments are linked to adult ADHD?
    • How is adult ADHD diagnosed?
    • What medications are used in the treatment of adult ADHD?
    • What psychosocial behavior management strategies treat ADHD?
    • Are there support groups for adults with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder?
    • Where can people find additional information on attention deficit hyperactivity disorder?
  • Stuttering Stuttering is a speech disorder characterized by speech disruptions such as prolongations of speech sounds, syllables or words,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Stuttering Article
    • What is stuttering?
    • Who stutters?
    • How is speech normally produced?
    • What causes stuttering?
    • How is stuttering diagnosed?
    • How is stuttering treated?
    • What research is being done about stuttering?
    • Where can I get additional information?
  • Gambling Addiction Compulsive gambling is a disorder that affects millions in the U.S. Symptoms and signs include a preoccupation with gambling,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Gambling Addiction Article
    • Gambling addiction facts
    • What is a gambling addiction?
    • What are causes and risk factors for gambling addiction?
    • What are symptoms and signs of a gambling addiction?
    • How is a gambling addiction diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for gambling addiction?
    • What is the prognosis for gambling addiction?
    • What are complications and negative effects of gambling addiction?
    • Is it possible to prevent gambling addiction?
    • Where can people get support for gambling addiction?
    • Where can people find more information about gambling addiction?
  • Postpartum Depression Postpartum depression is a form of depression that occurs within a year after delivery. It is thought that rapid hormone changes...learn more »
    In This Article
    Postpartum Depression Article
    • Postpartum depression facts
    • What is postpartum depression? Are there different types of postpartum depression?
    • What are causes and risk factors for postpartum depression?
    • What are postpartum depression symptoms and signs?
    • How is postpartum depression diagnosed?
    • What are the treatments for postpartum depression?
    • What is the prognosis of postpartum depression?
    • Can postpartum depression be prevented?
    • Where can people get more information about postpartum depression?
    • Where can people get support for postpartum depression?
    • What research is being done on postpartum depression?
  • Anxiety Second Source article from WebMD...learn more »
  • Sexual Problems (Sex) in Women Sexual dysfunction refers to a problem that arises during any phase of the sexual response cycle, preventing an individual or...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sexual Problems (Sex) in Women Article
    • What causes female sexual problems?
    • Who is affected by sexual problems?
    • How do sexual problems affect women?
    • How is a female sexual problem diagnosed?
    • How are female sexual problems treated?
    • Can female sexual problems be cured?
    • How do hormones affect sexual function?
    • What effect does a hysterectomy have on sexual function?
    • How does menopause affect a woman's sexual function?
    • When should I call my doctor about sexual problems?
  • Palpitations Palpitations are unpleasant sensations of irregular and/or forceful beating of the heart. Palpitations can be relieved in many...learn more »
    In This Article
    Palpitations Article
    • Palpitations facts
    • What are palpitations?
    • What is the normal heartbeat?
    • What are symptoms of arrhythmias?
    • What are the causes of arrhythmias?
    • How are palpitations evaluated?
    • What is the treatment for palpitations?
  • Williams Syndrome Williams syndrome is a developmental disorder that affects many parts of the body. Features may include intellectual disability,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Williams Syndrome Article
    • Williams syndrome facts*
    • What is Williams syndrome?
    • How common is Williams syndrome?
    • What are the genetic changes related to Williams syndrome?
    • Can Williams syndrome be inherited?
    • What other names do people use for Williams syndrome?
  • Cyclic Vomiting Syndrome (CVS) Cyclic vomiting syndrome is a condition in which affected individuals have severe nausea and vomiting that come in cycles....learn more »
    In This Article
    Cyclic Vomiting Syndrome (CVS) Article
    • Cyclic vomiting syndrome facts*
    • What is cyclic vomiting syndrome?
    • What are the symptoms of cyclic vomiting syndrome?
    • What triggers cyclic vomiting syndrome?
    • What are the four phases of cyclic vomiting syndrome?
    • How is cyclic vomiting syndrome diagnosed?
    • How is cyclic vomiting syndrome treated?
    • What are the complications if cyclic vomiting syndrome is not treated?
    • What is the relationship between cyclic vomiting syndrome and migraines?
    • What other features and conditions accompany cyclic vomiting syndrome?
    • How common is cyclic vomiting syndrome?
    • What are the genetic changes related to cyclic vomiting syndrome?
    • How do people inherit cyclic vomiting syndrome?
    • What other names do people use for cyclic vomiting syndrome?
  • ADHD in Children (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in Children) Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a mental-health condition that causes the following symptoms in children:...learn more »
    In This Article
    ADHD in Children (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in Children) Article
    • ADHD in children facts
    • What is ADHD?
    • What are causes and risk factors for ADHD in children?
    • What are symptoms and signs of ADHD in children?
    • How do physicians diagnose ADHD in children?
    • What are the treatments and possible side effects of medications for ADHD in children?
    • What are complications and the prognosis of ADHD in children?
    • Is it possible to prevent ADHD in children?
    • What is the latest research on ADHD in children?
    • Are there support groups for children with ADHD?
    • Where can people find more information on ADHD in children?
  • Grief: Loss of a Loved One Grief is the feeling one experiences after a loss (of a friendship, death of loved one, job). Complicated grief refers to grief...learn more »
    In This Article
    Grief: Loss of a Loved One Article
    • Grief: Loss of a loved one facts
    • What is grief?
    • What is mourning?
    • What are the effects of losing a loved one?
    • What are the causes and risk factors of prolonged grief?
    • What are the signs, symptoms, and stages of grief?
    • How is grief assessed?
    • How can people cope with grief?
    • What are the legal issues associated with dying and death?
    • Where can people get help?
  • Phobias Phobias are unrelenting fears of activities (social phobias), situations (agoraphobia), and specific items (arachnophobia). There...learn more »
    In This Article
    Phobias Article
    • Phobia facts
    • What is a phobia? What are the different kinds of phobias?
    • What are the complications of phobias?
    • What are the causes and risk factors for phobias?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of phobias?
    • How are phobias assessed?
    • How are phobias treated?
    • What is the prognosis for phobias?
    • How are phobias prevented?
    • How can people cope with phobias?
    • Where can people get information and help for phobias?
  • Cocaine and Crack Abuse Cocaine is an addictive stimulant that is smoked, snorted, and injected. Crack is cocaine that comes in a rock crystal that is...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cocaine and Crack Abuse Article
    • Cocaine and crack abuse facts
    • What is cocaine? What is crack?
    • How is cocaine abused?
    • What are cocaine's effects on the body and the mind?
    • What causes and prevents cocaine abuse and addiction?
    • What are symptoms and signs of cocaine abuse and addiction?
    • How is cocaine addiction diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for cocaine and crack addiction?
    • What are symptoms and signs of cocaine withdrawal?
    • What are the long-term effects and the prognosis for cocaine and crack addiction?
    • Where can people find more information about cocaine and crack abuse?
  • Rabies Rabies is a potentially fatal viral infection. Rabies symptoms include fever, headache, myalgia, and can progress to more serious...learn more »
    In This Article
    Rabies Article
    • Rabies facts
    • What is rabies?
    • What are rabies symptoms and signs in humans?
    • What is the history of rabies, and what is the cause of rabies?
    • How is rabies transmitted?
    • How soon after an exposure should a person seek medical attention?
    • How is a rabies infection diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for rabies in humans?
    • Should people get a preexposure vaccination before traveling outside the U.S.?
    • Can rabies be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis for people with rabies?
  • Anorexia Anorexia is an eating disorder characterized by markedly reduced appetite or total aversion to food. Anorexia is a serious...learn more »
    In This Article
    Anorexia Article
    • Anorexia nervosa facts
    • What is anorexia nervosa?
    • Who is at risk for anorexia nervosa?
    • What causes anorexia nervosa?
    • How is anorexia nervosa diagnosed?
    • What are anorexia symptoms and signs (psychological and behavioral)?
    • What are anorexia symptoms, signs, and complications (physical)?
    • What is the treatment for anorexia nervosa?
    • What is the prognosis (outcome) of anorexia nervosa?
    • How can anorexia nervosa be prevented?
    • The future of anorexia nervosa
    • Where can a person get help for anorexia nervosa?
  • Munchausen Syndrome Munchausen syndrome is a factitious disorder and attention-seeking syndrome in which an individual pretends to have physical or...learn more »
    In This Article
    Munchausen Syndrome Article
    • Munchausen syndrome facts
    • What is Munchausen syndrome?
    • What causes Munchausen syndrome?
    • What are Munchausen syndrome symptoms and signs?
    • How is Munchausen syndrome diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for Munchausen syndrome?
    • What is the prognosis for Munchausen syndrome?
    • Can Munchausen syndrome be prevented?
    • Where can people get more information about Munchausen syndrome?
  • Bath Salts Ingredients of the drug bath salts include mephedrone, methylone, MDPV, or MDPK. Feeling high and sexually stimulated are...learn more »
    In This Article
    Bath Salts Article
    • Bath salts facts
    • What are bath salts, and how are bath salts abused?
    • What is the history of bath salts?
    • Are bath salts addictive?
    • Are bath salts legal?
    • What are risk and protective (prevention) factors for bath salts abuse and addiction?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of bath salts intoxication?
    • What are the side effects, complications, and prognosis of abusing bath salts?
    • How is bath salts abuse and addiction diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for bath salts abuse and addiction?
    • Where can people find more information about bath salts abuse and addiction?
  • Urinary Incontinence in Children Urinary incontinence in children (enuresis) is twice as common in boys as in girls and may occur during the daytime or nighttime....learn more »
    In This Article
    Urinary Incontinence in Children Article
    • Urinary incontinence in children facts
    • What is urinary incontinence?
    • How does the urinary system work?
    • What are the different types of urinary incontinence?
    • How common is urinary incontinence in children?
    • What causes nighttime incontinence in children?
    • What causes daytime incontinence in children?
    • How do you differentiate between organic and nonorganic causes of urinary incontinence?
    • What is the treatment for urinary incontinence in children?
    • What is the prognosis of urinary incontinence in children?
    • Where can people get more information on urinary incontinence in children?
  • Drug Allergy Drug allergies are cause when the immune system mistakenly creates an immune response to a medication. Symptoms of a drug...learn more »
  • Munchausen Syndrome by Proxy Munchausen syndrome by proxy (MSBP) is a mental illness (factitious disorder) in which a caregiver secretly abuses a child by...learn more »
    In This Article
    Munchausen Syndrome by Proxy Article
    • Munchausen syndrome by proxy facts
    • What is Munchausen syndrome by proxy?
    • What are causes/risk factors for Munchausen syndrome by proxy?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of Munchausen syndrome by proxy?
    • How is Munchausen syndrome by proxy diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for Munchausen syndrome by proxy?
    • What are the complications of Munchausen syndrome by proxy?
    • Where can one get more information on Munchausen syndrome by proxy?
  • Body Dysmorphic Disorder Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) is an illness where a person is overly preoccupied with some minor or imaginary flaw. People with...learn more »
    In This Article
    Body Dysmorphic Disorder Article
    • What is body dysmorphic disorder (BDD)?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of body dysmorphic disorder?
    • What is the treatment for body dysmorphic disorder?
  • Alzheimer's Disease Patient Caregiver Guide Caring for a loved one or patient with Alzheimer's can become a difficult and overwhelming task at times. This guide helps...learn more »
    In This Article
    Alzheimer's Disease Patient Caregiver Guide Article
    • Tips for caregivers of persons with Alzheimer's disease
    • Dealing with the diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease
    • Communicating with a person with Alzheimer's disease
    • Bathing a person with Alzheimer's disease
    • Dressing a person with Alzheimer's disease
    • Eating: getting a person with Alzheimer's disease to eat
    • Activities for a person with Alzheimer's disease
    • Exercise for a person with Alzheimer's disease
    • Incontinence in a person with Alzheimer's disease
    • Sleep problems for caregivers and a person with Alzheimer's disease
    • Hallucinations and delusions in a person with Alzheimer's disease
    • Wandering: a problem for a person with Alzheimer's disease
    • Home safety for a person with Alzheimer's disease
    • Driving: decisions for a person with Alzheimer's disease
    • Visiting the doctor with a person with Alzheimer's disease
    • Coping with holidays with a person with Alzheimer's disease
    • Visiting a person with Alzheimer's disease
    • Choosing a nursing home for a person with Alzheimer's disease
    • For more information about Alzheimer's disease
  • Fitness Regular physical activity can reduce the risk of disease. Regular exercise can also reduce the symptoms of stress and anxiety....learn more »
    In This Article
    Fitness Article
    • The importance of physical activity and fitness
    • Why should I be active?
    • Can everyone benefit from physical activity?
    • What are the recommendations for increasing fitness for youth, adults, and seniors?
    • How do I get started with a fitness plan?
    • When is a medical evaluation necessary?
    • How can I make physical activity a part of my life?
    • What are the components of physical fitness?
    • Fitness terms
  • Irritable Bowel Syndrome in Children Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) in children is a functional gastrointestinal disorder with symptoms of abdominal pain, bloating,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Irritable Bowel Syndrome in Children Article
    • Irritable bowel syndrome in children facts*
    • What is irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)?
    • What is the GI tract?
    • How common is IBS in children?
    • What are the symptoms of IBS in children?
    • What causes IBS in children?
    • How is IBS in children diagnosed?
    • How is IBS in children treated?
    • Eating, diet, and nutrition
    • Medications
    • Probiotics
    • Therapies for mental health problems
  • Bullying Bullying is repeated physical or verbal aggression that involves an imbalance of power. The four types of bullying include...learn more »
    In This Article
    Bullying Article
    • Bullying facts
    • What is bullying?
    • How common is bullying?
    • What are the different types of bullying?
    • What makes a bully? Why do kids bully? Why do adults bully?
    • What are causes and risk factors of bullying?
    • What are symptoms and signs of children and adults who are bullied?
    • What are the effects of bullying?
    • What should victims of bullying and their parents do to stop bullying?
    • What should parents do if they think their child is bullying others?
    • What can people do if they see someone being bullied?
    • What measures can be implemented to prevent bullying at school and in the workplace?
    • Where can people find more information about bullying?
  • Noise Induced Hearing Loss and Its Prevention Noise-induced hearing loss may be an acoustic trauma (temporary hearing loss), or permanent due to an acute acoustic trauma....learn more »
    In This Article
    Noise Induced Hearing Loss and Its Prevention Article
    • What is the importance of noise-induced hearing loss?
    • What are acoustic trauma and noise-induced hearing loss?
    • How can a person tell if a noisy situation is dangerous to their hearing?
    • How loud can a sound get before it affects hearing?
    • Do the duration and closeness of exposure to loud noise relate to hearing damage?
    • What factors increase a person's susceptibility to noise-induced hearing loss?
    • How else can noise affect a person?
    • What are the regulations regarding on-the-job exposure to noise?
    • How effective are hearing protection devices?
    • What are the common problems with hearing protectors?
    • Do hearing protectors prevent a person from communicating with others?
    • How is hearing loss identified?
    • What can be done to treat hearing loss?
  • Emotional Eating Emotional eating can be detrimental to one's efforts at weight loss. Learning to identify the situations and emotions that...learn more »
    In This Article
    Emotional Eating Article
    • How can I identify eating triggers?
    • How do I stop emotional eating?
    • What if distracting myself isn't enough to keep me from overeating?
  • Nightmares Nightmares are dreams that cause high anxiety or terror. Nightmares may be a part of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Nightmares Article
    • Nightmares and PTSD
    • How common are nightmares after trauma?
    • What do nightmares that follow trauma look like?
    • Nightmares and cultural differences
    • Are there any effective treatments for posttraumatic nightmares?
  • Factitious Disorders Factitious disorders are conditions in which people pretend to have physical or mental illnesses when they aren't sick. These...learn more »
    In This Article
    Factitious Disorders Article
    • Types of factitious disorders
    • What are the symptoms of factitious disorders?
    • What causes factitious disorders?
    • How common are factitious disorders?
    • How are factitious disorders diagnosed?
    • How are factitious disorders treated?
    • What is the prognosis for people with factitious disorders?
    • Can factitious disorders be prevented?
  • Child Abuse Approximately 40 million children suffer abuse every year around the world, and more than 1,500 children die of abuse in the U.S....learn more »
    In This Article
    Child Abuse Article
    • Child abuse facts
    • What is child abuse?
    • What are the different types of child abuse?
    • What are risk factors for child abuse?
    • What are symptoms and signs of child abuse?
    • How do physicians diagnose child abuse?
    • What is the treatment for child abuse?
    • What are the complications and prognosis of child abuse?
    • Is it possible to prevent child abuse?
    • What should people do if they suspect that a child is being abused?
    • Where can people find more information about child abuse?
  • Club Drugs Ecstasy (MDMA), Rohypnol, ketamine and GHB are a few of the different types of drugs abused at bars, raves and parties. Rohypnol...learn more »
    In This Article
    Club Drugs Article
    • How are club drugs abused?
    • How do club drugs affect the body?
    • Are club drugs addictive?
    • What other adverse effects do club drugs have on health?
    • What treatment options exist for those who abuse or are dependent upon club drugs?
    • How widespread is club drug abuse?
    • Where can people find more information about club drugs?
  • Bulimia People with bulimia nervosa, an eating disorder that involves episodes of bingeing and purging, experience symptoms and signs...learn more »
    In This Article
    Bulimia Article
    • Bulimia nervosa facts
    • What is bulimia?
    • What are causes and risk factors for bulimia?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of bulimia?
    • How do physicians diagnose bulimia?
    • What is the treatment for bulimia?
    • What are complications of bulimia?
    • What is the prognosis for bulimia?
    • Is it possible to prevent bulimia?
    • Where can one find more information about bulimia?
    • Are there support groups for people with bulimia?
  • Binswanger's Disease Binswanger's disease is a type of vascular dementia that is caused by damage to the blood vessels that feed deep areas of the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Binswanger's Disease Article
    • What is Binswanger's disease and what causes it?
    • What are the symptoms of Binswanger's disease?
    • How is Binswanger's disease diagnosed?
    • Is there any treatment for Binswanger's disease?
    • What is the prognosis for Binswanger's disease?
    • What research is being done on Binswanger's disease?
  • Parenting a Child With ADHD ADHD is a behavioral condition with characteristics that include hyperactivity, inattention, and impulsivity. Parenting a child...learn more »
    In This Article
    Parenting a Child With ADHD Article
    • Childhood ADHD facts
    • What are the signs and symptoms of childhood ADHD?
    • What should parents do if they suspect their child has ADHD?
    • What are the causes of childhood ADHD?
    • What should parents of children with ADHD expect from their child?
    • What treatment options exist for a child with ADHD?
    • What are the risks of the use of stimulant medication and other treatments?
    • What are other therapeutic approaches for children with ADHD?
    • Is childhood ADHD on the rise?
    • What is the outlook for a child with ADHD?
    • What can parents of children with ADHD do to help themselves?
  • Peyronie's Disease (Curvature of the Penis) Peyronie's disease is a condition characterized by a hard lump, or plaque, that forms within the penis. Symptoms of Peyronie's...learn more »
    In This Article
    Peyronie's Disease (Curvature of the Penis) Article
    • Peyronie's disease facts*
    • What is Peyronie's disease?
    • What are the symptoms of Peyronie's disease?
    • What causes Peyronie's disease?
    • How does Peyronie's disease develop?
    • How is Peyronie's disease evaluated?
    • How is Peyronie's disease treated?
    • Medical treatments for Peyronie's disease
    • Surgery for Peyronie's disease
    • Hope through Research
    • For More Information about Peyronie's disease
    • Acknowledgments
  • Sick Building Syndrome Multiple chemical sensitivity (MCS) or also referred to as sick building syndrome or environmental illness is the name given by...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sick Building Syndrome Article
    • Sick building syndrome facts
    • What is sick building syndrome?
    • Why is sick building syndrome controversial?
    • What causes sick building syndrome?
    • What are risk factors for sick building syndrome?
    • What are sick building syndrome symptoms and signs?
    • How is sick building syndrome diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for sick building syndrome?
    • What are complications of sick building syndrome?
    • What is the prognosis of sick building syndrome?
    • Is there a way to prevent sick building syndrome?
  • Bipolar Disorder Bipolar disorder is a mood disorder characterized by symptoms of both mania and depression. The cause of bipolar disorder is not...learn more »
    In This Article
    Bipolar Disorder Article
    • Bipolar Disorder Overview
    • Bipolar Disorder Causes
    • Bipolar Disorder Symptoms and Signs
    • When to Seek Medical Care
    • Bipolar Disorder Diagnosis
    • Bipolar Disorder Treatment
    • Bipolar Disorder Medications
    • Other Bipolar Disorder Medications
    • Other Therapy
    • Follow-up
    • Bipolar Disorder Prevention
    • Bipolar Disorder Prognosis
    • Support Groups and Counseling
    • Web Links
    • Authors and Editors
  • Holiday Depression and Stress Though the holidays are a fun time for most, for others, they're a sad, lonely and anxiety-filled time. Get tips on how to avoid...learn more »
    In This Article
    Holiday Depression and Stress Article
    • Holiday depression and stress facts
    • What causes holiday blues?
    • Is the environment and reduced daylight a factor in wintertime sadness?
    • What are symptoms and signs of holiday depression and stress?
    • How is holiday stress and depression diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for holiday depression and stress?
    • Can holiday stress and depression be prevented?
  • Hurricane Preparedness Natural diasters such as a hurricane can take a toll on family, friends, and neighbors. Both physiological and psychological...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hurricane Preparedness Article
    • Introduction to preparing for a hurricane
    • What is a hurricane?
    • How are hurricanes named and tracked?
    • Preparing Before the Hurricane
    • What is my family plan for a hurricane?
    • How do I create a hurricane supply kit?
    • Where can I go to be safe during a storm?
    • How do I secure my home during a hurricane?
    • What about my pets during a hurricane?
    • What to Do After a Hurricane (What hurricane aftermath health concerns?)
    • How can I make sure our water is safe?
    • How do I perform first aid for injuries?
    • How can I prevent injuries after a hurricane?
    • Prevent fatigue-related injuries
    • Wear protective gear
    • Beware of electrical hazards
    • Avoid carbon monoxide
    • Beware of structural instability
    • Avoid hazardous materials
    • Be prepared for fires
    • Prevent drowning
    • Reduce the risk of thermal stress
    • What can I do to cope with mental stress after a hurricane?
    • How do I deal with wild and domestic animals in a disaster?

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