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- Antiphospholipid syndrome facts
- What is antiphospholipid syndrome? What are antiphospholipid syndrome symptoms and signs?
- What are the causes and risk factors of antiphospholipid syndrome?
- What laboratory tests can support the diagnosis of antiphospholipid syndrome?
- How is antiphospholipid syndrome treated?
- What is the treatment for antiphospholipid syndrome during pregnancy?
- What is catastrophic antiphospholipid syndrome?
- What is the prognosis of antiphospholipid syndrome?
- Is it possible to prevent antiphospholipid syndrome?
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What is the treatment for antiphospholipid syndrome during pregnancy?
The treatment of antiphospholipid antibody syndrome during pregnancy typically involves low dose aspirin and low molecular weight heparin (Lovenox). Additionally, intravenous immunoglobulins have been infused, but their effectiveness is not proven.
What is catastrophic antiphospholipid syndrome?
Catastrophic antiphospholipid syndrome (CAPS) is a variant of antiphospholipid syndrome that is characterized by blockage of many blood vessels throughout the body. As a result of catastrophic antiphospholipid syndrome, many organs can be affected, including the skin, lungs, brain, heart, kidneys, and bowels. Catastrophic antiphospholipid syndrome is treated with anticoagulation, corticosteroids (cortisone medication), and plasmapheresis (plasma exchange).
Catastrophic antiphospholipid syndrome is rare. Catastrophic antiphospholipid syndrome is sometimes referred to as Asherson's syndrome after the researcher who described it in the early 1990s.
What is the prognosis of antiphospholipid syndrome?
The prognosis of antiphospholipid syndrome depends on the character and the intensity of its manifestations. Earlier treatment will tend to have better outcomes.
Is it possible to prevent antiphospholipid syndrome?
If a person is already known to have phospholipid antibodies, it is possible to prevent antiphospholipid syndrome with methods that decrease the chances of blood clotting, including aspirin and/or heparin. Hydroxychloroquine (Plaquenil) may have some preventative benefits for selected patients.
John A. Daller, MD; American Board of Surgery with subspecialty certification in surgical critical care
Bucciarelli S., et al. "Mortality in the Catastrophic Antiphospholipid Syndrome." Arthritis & Rheumatism (2006): 2568-2576.
Pisetsky, David S., and Peter H Schur. "Diagnosis of the antiphospholipid syndrome." UpToDate.com. Sept. 17, 2014. <http://www.uptodate.com/contents/diagnosis-of-the-antiphospholipid-syndrome>.
Ruddy, Shaun, eds., et al. Kelley's Textbook of Rheumatology. Philadelphia: WB Saunders Co., 2000.