Omudhome Ogbru, PharmD
Omudhome Ogbru, PharmD
Dr. Ogbru received his Doctorate in Pharmacy from the University of the Pacific School of Pharmacy in 1995. He completed a Pharmacy Practice Residency at the University of Arizona/University Medical Center in 1996. He was a Professor of Pharmacy Practice and a Regional Clerkship Coordinator for the University of the Pacific School of Pharmacy from 1996-99.
Medical and Pharmacy Editor:
In this Article
What are examples of combination type 2 oral diabetes medications?
Combination oral diabetes drugs include:
What are the side effects of type 2 oral diabetes medications?
The nine classes of type 2 oral diabetes drugs differ in their side effect profile.
Side effects of biguanides (metformin [Glucophage])
The most common side effects of metformin include:
These side effects usually are mild and tend to decrease in severity over time despite continuation of treatment.
Other reported side effects of metformin include:
Although rare, metformin may cause lactic acidosis, a serious condition that occurs due to the accumulation of acid in the body.
Side effects of sulfonylureas
Sulfonylureas most commonly cause hypoglycemia (low blood glucose) and weight gain. Less common side effects are:
Side effects of meglitinides
The most common side effects of meglitinides are hypoglycemia and weight gain. The risk for hypoglycemia and weight gain appears to be low in comparison to sulfonylureas.
Side effects of thiazolidinediones
Thiazolidinediones may cause:
Side effects of DPP-4 inhibitors
Although DPP-4 inhibitors are generally well tolerated, they may cause:
Side effects of α-glucosidase
α-glucosidase inhibitors most commonly cause:
Side effects of SGLT-2 inhibitors
The most common side effects associated with SGLT-2 inhibitors include:
Other reported side effects include:
Side effects of bile acid sequestrants
The most common side effects of bile acid sequestrants include:
Colesevelam may also cause an increase in triglyceride levels.
Bromocriptine mesylate (Cycloset) side effects
Side effects associated with bromocriptine therapy include:
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 5/18/2015
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