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- Patient Comments: Oral Diabetes Medications - Types
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- What are oral diabetes medications?
- What are the types of oral diabetes medications?
- What are examples of oral diabetes medications available in the US?
- What are examples of combination oral diabetes medications?
- What are the side effects of oral diabetes medications?
- Side effects of thiazolidinediones
- Side effects of DPP-4 inhibitors
- Side effects of biguanides (metformin [Glucophage])
- Side effects of sulfonylureas
- Side effects of meglitinides
- Side effects of α-glucosidase
- Side effects of SGLT-2 inhibitors
- Side effects of bile acid sequestrants
- Side effects of bromocriptine mesylate (Cycloset)
- What drugs interact with oral diabetes medications?
- What formulations of oral diabetes medications are available?
- What about taking oral diabetes medications during pregnancy or while breastfeeding?
What are examples of oral diabetes medications available in the US?
Sulfonylureas are grouped into two classes, first and second generation agents.
First generation sulfonylureas include
- acetohexamide (Dymelor),
- chlorpropamide (Diabinese),
- tolazamide (Tolinase), and
- tolbutamide (Orinase).
Second generation sulfonylureas are
The only biguanide available in the United States is metformin (Glucophage, Glucophage XR, Riomet).
Thiazolidinediones or TZDs include
DPP-4 inhibitors (dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors)
Bile acid sequestrants
Currently the only bile acid sequestrant approved for the oral treatment of type 2 diabetes is colesevelam (Welchol).
Bromocriptine mesylate (Cycloset) is a dopamine agonist.
What are examples of combination oral diabetes medications?
Combination oral diabetes drugs include
- glyburide/metformin (Glucovance),
- glipizide/metformin (Metaglip),
- rosiglitazone/metformin (Avandamet),
- pioglitazone/metformin (Actoplus Met),
- pioglitazone/glimepiride (Duetact),
- alogliptin/metformin (Kazano),
- canagliflozin/metformin (Invokamet),
- dapagliflozin/ metformin (Xigduo XR),
- sitagliptin/ metformin (Janumet XR),
- saxagliptin/ metformin (Kombiglyze XR),
- linagliptin/ metformin (Jentadueto), and
- repaglinide/metformin (PrandiMet).