antidiabetics-oral (cont.)

Pharmacy Author:
Medical and Pharmacy Editor:

What are examples of type 2 oral diabetes medications available in the US?

  • α-glucosidase inhibitors include:
  • Sulfonylureas are grouped into two classes, first and second generation agents.
    • First generation sulfonylureas include:
      • acetohexamide (Dymelor),
      • chlorpropamide (Diabinese),
      • tolazamide (Tolinase), and
      • tolbutamide (Orinase).
    • Second generation sulfonylureas are:
  • Metformin (Glucophage, Glucophage XR, Riomet) is the only biguanide available in the United States.
  • Thiazolidinediones or TZDs include:
  • Meglitinides include:
  • DPP-4 inhibitors (dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors) include:
  • Colesevelam (Welchol) is currently the only bile acid sequestrant approved for the oral treatment of type 2 diabetes.
  • Bromocriptine mesylate (Cycloset) is a dopamine agonist.
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 5/18/2015