- What are antidepressants?
- What are monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs)?
- What are examples of MAOIs?
- What are the side effects of MAOIs?
- What are tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs)?
- What are examples of TCAs?
- What are the side effects of TCAs?
- What are selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs)?
- What are examples of SSRIs?
- What are the side effects of SSRIs?
- What are serotonin norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs)?
- What are examples of SNRIs?
- What are the side effects and drug interactions for SNRIs?
- What are other antidepressants?
What are antidepressants?
Antidepressants are the most prescribed therapy for depression. The exact mechanism of action of antidepressants is unknown. The prevailing theory is that antidepressants increase the concentration of one or more brain chemicals (neurotransmitters) that nerves in the brain use to communicate with one another. The neurotransmitters affected by antidepressants are norepinephrine, serotonin, and dopamine. The different classes of antidepressants differ in the neurotransmitters they affect. This determines some of their side effects and potential drug interactions. All available antidepressants are effective, and for most cases of depression there is no good evidence that any antidepressant is more effective than another.
Quick GuideDepression Hurts: Physical Symptoms of Depression
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