Antibiotic Resistance Related Diseases & Conditions

Medical conditions are often related to other diseases and conditions. Our doctors have compiled a list of ailments related to the topic of Antibiotic Resistance. These conditions may be a cause or symptom of Antibiotic Resistance or be a condition for which you may be at increased risk.

  • Yeast Infection (in Women and Men) Vaginal yeast infections in women are caused by an organism called Candida albicans. Symptoms of a vaginal yeast infection...learn more »
  • Diarrhea Diarrhea is a change is the frequency and looseness of bowel movements. Symptoms associated with diarrhea are cramping, abdominal...learn more »
    In This Article
    Diarrhea Article
    • Diarrhea facts
    • What is diarrhea?
    • What is the definition of diarrhea?
    • What symptoms are associated with diarrhea?
    • What are common causes of acute diarrhea?
    • Traveler's diarrhea
    • Viral gastroenteritis
    • Bacterial enterocolitis
    • Food poisoning
    • Parasites
    • Drugs
    • What are common causes of chronic diarrhea?
    • What kind of a doctor treats diarrhea?
    • When should the doctor be called for diarrhea?
    • How is the cause of diarrhea diagnosed?
    • What home remedies help the symptoms of diarrhea?
    • What medications are used to treat diarrhea?
    • When should antibiotics be used for diarrhea?
    • What are the complications of diarrhea?
    • How can dehydration be prevented and treated?
    • What about treatment of diarrhea in infants and young children?
    • What about treating diarrhea in older children and adults?
  • MRSA MRSA (methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus) bacteria causes skin infections with the following signs and symptoms:...learn more »
  • Sexually Transmitted Diseases in Women (STDs) Sexually transmitted diseases, or STDs, are infections that are transmitted during any type of sexual exposure, including...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sexually Transmitted Diseases in Women (STDs) Article
    • Sexually transmitted diseases (STD) facts
    • What are sexually transmitted diseases (STDs)?
    • Gonorrhea
    • Chlamydia
    • Syphilis
    • Genital Herpes
    • Human Papillomaviruses (HPVs) and Genital Warts
    • Chancroid
    • Ectoparasitic Infections
    • Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS)
    • Hepatitis B
    • Hepatitis C
    • Conclusions
  • Bronchitis (Acute) Bronchitis is inflammation of the airways in the lung. Acute bronchitis is is short in duration (10 to 20 days) in comparison...learn more »
  • Necrotizing Fasciitis Necrotizing fasciitis is also known as a flesh-eating bacterial infection, Fournier's gangrene, suppurative fasciitis, and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Necrotizing Fasciitis Article
    • Necrotizing fasciitis (flesh-eating disease) facts
    • What is necrotizing fasciitis?
    • Are there different types of necrotizing fasciitis?
    • What causes necrotizing fasciitis?
    • Who is at risk to get necrotizing fasciitis?
    • What are necrotizing fasciitis symptoms and signs?
    • How do health-care professionals diagnose necrotizing fasciitis?
    • What types of doctors treat necrotizing fasciitis?
    • What is the treatment for necrotizing fasciitis?
    • Is it possible to prevent necrotizing fasciitis? Is necrotizing fasciitis contagious?
    • What is the prognosis (outcome) for patients with necrotizing fasciitis? What are complications of necrotizing fasciitis?
    • What are some additional sources of information on necrotizing fasciitis?
  • Pneumonia Pneumonia is inflammation of the lungs caused by fungi, bacteria, or viruses. Symptoms and signs include cough, fever, shortness...learn more »
  • STDs in Men Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are infections transmitted during sexual contact. They may be caused by viruses, bacteria,...learn more »
    In This Article
    STDs in Men Article
    • What are sexually transmitted diseases (STDs)?
    • Who is at risk for STDs?
    • What causes STDs in men?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of STDs in men?
    • List of STDs in men
    • Chlamydia
    • Gonorrhea
    • Trichomoniasis
    • HIV
    • Genital herpes
    • Genital warts (HPV)
    • Hepatitis
    • Syphilis
    • How are STDs in men diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for STDs in men?
    • What is the prognosis for STDs in men?
    • Can STDs in men be prevented?
  • Ear Infection (Otitis Media) Middle ear infection or inflammation (otitis media) is inflammation fo the middle ear. There are two types of otitis media, acute...learn more »
    In This Article
    Ear Infection (Otitis Media) Article
    • Ear infection or inflammation (otitis media) facts
    • What is otitis media (middle ear infection or inflammation)?
    • What are the symptoms of acute middle ear infection?
    • How common is acute middle ear infection or inflammation?
    • Are ear infections contagious?
    • Why do young children tend to have ear infections?
    • How does the Eustachian tube change as a child gets older?
    • What microorganisms cause middle ear infection or inflammation?
    • What is the relationship between bottlefeeding and middle ear infection or inflammation?
    • What are the risk factors for acute middle ear infection or inflammation?
    • How is acute otitis media diagnosed?
    • How is acute middle ear infection or inflammation treated?
    • Are there any home remedies for acute ear infection (otitis media)?
    • What causes chronic middle ear infection or inflammation?
    • What happens to the eardrum in chronic middle ear infection or inflammation?
    • What happens to the eardrum if a hole develops in the eardrum?
    • How is chronic middle ear infection or inflammation treated?
    • What are the goals of chronic otitis media surgery?
    • What is serious middle ear infection or inflammation?
    • What limitations are there on a child with middle ear infection or inflammation?
    • Can otitis media (middle ear infection or inflammation) be prevented?
  • Gastroenteritis (Stomach Flu) Gastroenteritis (or stomach flu) is a term referred used to describe a variety of gastrointestinal problems. The most common...learn more »
    In This Article
    Gastroenteritis (Stomach Flu) Article
    • Definition of gastroenteritis
    • What causes gastroenteritis?
    • What are the most common causes of gastroenteritis?
    • What are the symptoms of gastroenteritis?
    • Is gastroenteritis contagious?
    • Who is at risk for gastroenteritis?
    • How is gastroenteritis transmitted?
    • How does food become contaminated with gastroenteritis-causing bacteria or viruses?
    • How is gastroenteritis diagnosed?
    • How is gastroenteritis treated?
    • When should I call my doctor for gastroenteritis?
    • What are complications of gastroenteritis?
    • Can gastroenteritis be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis for gastroenteritis?
  • Gonorrhea In Women Gonorrhea is a bacterial infection transmitted during sexual contact. In women, symptoms include a yellow vaginal discharge,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Gonorrhea In Women Article
    • Gonorrhea facts
    • What are sexually transmitted diseases (STDs)?
    • What is gonorrhea?
    • What are the symptoms of gonorrhea?
    • How is gonorrhea diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for gonorrhea?
  • Salmonella Salmonella infection (salmonellosis) is typically caused by the consumption of contaminated foods. Symptoms of salmonellosis...learn more »
    In This Article
    Salmonella Article
    • Salmonella food poisoning facts
    • What is Salmonella food poisoning?
    • What causes Salmonella outbreaks? How does Salmonella spread?
    • What are risk factors for Salmonella food poisoning?
    • What are symptoms and signs of Salmonella poisoning?
    • Is Salmonella contagious?
    • What is the incubation period for a Salmonella infection?
    • What is the contagious period for salmonellosis?
    • What kinds of doctors treat Salmonella food poisoning?
    • How do physicians diagnose Salmonella food poisoning?
    • What is the treatment for Salmonella food poisoning?
    • What are complications of Salmonella food poisoning?
    • What is the prognosis of Salmonella food poisoning?
    • Is it possible to prevent Salmonella food poisoning?
  • Tuberculosis (TB) Mycobacterium tuberculosis is the bacterium that causes tuberculosis (TB). Symptoms and signs of TB include bloody sputum, fever,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Tuberculosis (TB) Article
    • Tuberculosis (TB) facts
    • What is tuberculosis?
    • Are there different types of tuberculosis (TB)?
    • What causes tuberculosis?
    • What are risk factors for tuberculosis?
    • What are tuberculosis symptoms and signs?
    • Is TB contagious, and how long is the incubation period and contagious period?
    • How do physicians diagnose tuberculosis?
    • What is the treatment for tuberculosis?
    • What types of doctors treat TB?
    • What are complications of tuberculosis?
    • What is the prognosis of tuberculosis?
    • How can people prevent tuberculosis?
  • Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) causes HIV infection and the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). Symptoms and signs...learn more »
    In This Article
    Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Article
    • Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) facts
    • What is the history of HIV, and when was HIV discovered?
    • What tests are used in the diagnosis of HIV?
    • How is HIV spread (transmitted)?
    • What are symptoms and signs of HIV infection and AIDS in men, women, and children?
    • What happens after an exposure to the blood or genital secretions of an HIV-infected person?
    • What laboratory tests are used to monitor HIV-infected people?
    • What are HIV treatments and medications? What are the key principles in managing HIV infection?
    • When should antiviral therapy be started?
    • What is the initial therapy for HIV?
    • What are nucleoside and nucleotide analogue reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs)?
    • What are nonnucleoside analogue reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTIs)?
    • What are protease inhibitors?
    • What are fusion inhibitors?
    • What is a CCR5 antagonist?
    • What is an integrase strand transfer inhibitor?
    • What HIV drugs are in development?
    • What are side effects of HIV therapy?
    • What happens if the patient's viral load increases while on HIV therapy?
    • What are the risks of missing doses or stopping antiviral therapy?
    • Should patients with the flu- or mono-like illness of primary HIV infection be treated?
    • What about treatment for HIV during pregnancy?
    • What can be done for people who have severe immunosuppression?
    • What is the future for HIV-infected individuals with regards to treatment simplification and cure research?
    • What is in the future for preventing HIV transmission?
  • Travelers' Diarrhea Travelers' diarrhea is generally contracted by eating contaminated food or drinking contaminated water. Food is the primary...learn more »
    In This Article
    Travelers' Diarrhea Article
    • Travelers' diarrhea facts
    • What is travelers' diarrhea?
    • How common is travelers' diarrhea?
    • What causes travelers' diarrhea?
    • What are the symptoms of travelers' diarrhea?
    • How is travelers' diarrhea diagnosed?
    • How is travelers' diarrhea treated?
    • What is the prognosis for travelers' diarrhea?
    • How can travelers' diarrhea be prevented?
  • E. coli (0157:H7) There are many types of E. coli (Escherichia coli ). Pathogenic E. coli can cause urinary tract and bladder infections, or lead...learn more »
    In This Article
    E. coli (0157:H7) Article
    • E. coli facts
    • What is E. coli
    • What is E. coli bacteria infection?
    • What is E. coli 0157:H7 bacteria?
    • Is E. coli 0157:H7 contagious?
    • 25 symptoms of E. coli 0157:H7 infection
    • What kind of doctor(s) treat E. coli 0157:H7 infections?
    • How is an E. coli 0157:H7 infection diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for E. coli 0157:H7?
    • What are the complications of infection with E. coli 0157:H7?
    • How do people contract E. coli 0157:H7 infections?
    • E. coli 0157:H7 and prevention of outbreaks
    • Other enterohemorrhagic E. coli strains (for example, 0145, 026:H11, 0104:H4 and 0121)
  • Malaria Malaria is a disease that is spread by the bite of an infected Anopheles mosquito. Malaria symptoms include fever, chills,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Malaria Article
    • Malaria facts
    • What is malaria?
    • Is malaria contagious?
    • What causes malaria?
    • What are risk factors for malaria? Is it possible to prevent malaria?
    • What are malaria symptoms and signs?
    • How do physicians diagnose malaria?
    • What is the treatment for malaria?
    • What is the prognosis of malaria?
    • Is there a malaria vaccine?
    • Can malaria reoccur after treatment?
  • Whooping Cough (Pertussis) Whooping cough (pertussis) is highly contagious respiratory infection that is caused by the bacteria Bordetella pertussis. There...learn more »
    In This Article
    Whooping Cough (Pertussis) Article
    • Whooping cough (pertussis) facts
    • What is whooping cough? What is the history of whooping cough?
    • What causes whooping cough?
    • Is whooping cough contagious?
    • What is the contagious period for whooping cough?
    • What are risk factors for whooping cough?
    • How long does the whooping cough vaccine last?
    • What is the incubation period for whooping cough?
    • What are whooping cough symptoms, signs, and stages?
    • How long does whooping cough last?
    • What does whooping cough sound like?
    • How is whooping cough transmitted?
    • Can adults get whooping cough?
    • How is whooping cough diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for whooping cough?
    • What is the prognosis for whooping cough?
    • What are possible complications of whooping cough?
    • Is it possible to prevent whooping cough? Is there a whooping cough vaccine?
    • Where can people find more information about whooping cough (pertussis)?
  • CRE Infection (Carbapenem-Resistant Enterobacteriaceae) Carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) is a type of bacteria that is highly resistant to antibiotics. Escherichia coli (E....learn more »
    In This Article
    CRE Infection (Carbapenem-Resistant Enterobacteriaceae) Article
    • What is CRE?
    • What causes CRE infections? How is CRE transmitted?
    • How do CRE bacteria develop?
    • What are symptoms and signs of CRE infections?
    • How do doctors diagnose a CRE infection?
    • What is the treatment for CRE infections?
    • Is it possible to prevent a CRE infection?
    • What is the prognosis of CRE infections?
  • Meningitis Encephalitis is a brain inflammation that causes sudden fever, vomiting, headache, light sensitivity, stiff neck and back,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Meningitis Article
    • Encephalitis and meningitis facts
    • What is encephalitis?
    • What causes encephalitis?
    • What are encephalitis symptoms and signs?
    • Is encephalitis contagious?
    • Is it possible to prevent encephalitis? Is there an encphalitis vaccine?
    • What is meningitis?
    • What causes meningitis?
    • What are meningitis symptoms and signs?
    • What is encephalomyelitis?
    • How are encephalitis and meningitis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment of encephalitis and meningitis?
    • What is the prognosis (outlook), and what are the complications for patients with encephalitis or meningitis?
    • Is meningitis contagious?
    • Is it possible to prevent meningitis? Is there a meningitis vaccine?
  • Vancomycin-Resistant Enterococci (VRE) Vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) infection is the most common type of infection acquired by patients while hospitalized....learn more »
    In This Article
    Vancomycin-Resistant Enterococci (VRE) Article
    • Vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) facts
    • What are vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE)?
    • What causes a vancomycin-resistant enterococcal (VRE) infection?
    • What are risk factors for vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) infections?
    • How are vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) transmitted?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of a vancomycin-resistant enterococcal (VRE) infection?
    • How do physicians diagnose vancomycin-resistant enterococcal (VRE) infections?
    • What is the treatment for a vancomycin-resistant enterococcal (VRE) infection?
    • What is the prognosis of a vancomycin-resistant enterococcal (VRE) infection?
    • What are the complications of VRE infections?
    • Is it possible to prevent vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) infections?
    • What precautions should people take when tending to someone with a vancomycin-resistant enterococcal (VRE) infection?
    • What research is being done on vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE)?
    • Where can people find more information on vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) infections?
  • Is C. diff (Clostridium difficile) Contagious? C. diff or Clostridium difficile is a bacteria that infects the colon. C. diff bacteria can be found on furniture, bathroom...learn more »
    In This Article
    Is C. diff (Clostridium difficile) Contagious? Article
    • What is C. diff (Clostridium difficile)?
    • Is C. diff (Clostridium difficile) contagious?
    • How do I know if I have an infection caused by C. diff?
    • How does C diff spread?
    • How will I know if I am no longer contagious for C. diff?
    • When should I seek medical care for C. diff?
  • Flu (Influenza) Influenza (flu) is a respiratory illness caused by a virus. Flu symptoms include fever, cough, sore throat, runny nose, headache,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Flu (Influenza) Article
    • Flu (influenza, conventional, H1N1, H3N2, and bird flu [H5N1]) facts
    • What is flu (influenza)?
    • When does flu season begin and end?
    • Flu vs. cold
    • What are the causes of the flu (influenza)?
    • What are flu (influenza) symptoms in adults and in children?
    • What is the incubation period for the flu?
    • How long is the flu contagious, and how long does the flu last?
    • How is the flu (influenza) diagnosed?
    • How does flu spread?
    • What is the key to flu (influenza) prevention?
    • Are there any flu shot or nasal spray vaccine side effects in adults or in children?
    • How effective is the flu vaccine?
    • Why should the flu (influenza) vaccine be taken every year?
    • What are some flu treatments an individual can do at home (home remedies)?
    • What types of doctors treat the flu?
    • What can people eat when they have the flu?
    • When should a person go to the emergency department for the flu?
    • Who should receive the flu vaccine, and who has the highest risk factors? When should someone get the flu shot?
    • What is the prognosis for patients who get the flu? What are possible complications of the flu?
    • Can the flu be deadly?
    • What is the bird (avian) flu?
    • Do antiviral agents protect people from the flu?
    • What medications treat the flu?
    • Is it safe to get a flu shot that contains thimerosal?
    • Where can people find additional information about the flu?
  • Plague (Black Death) Plague is an infectious disease caused by the bacteria Yersinia pestis. Transmission to humans occurs via fleas that have bitten...learn more »
    In This Article
    Plague (Black Death) Article
    • Plague (Black Death) facts
    • What is plague? What is the history of plague?
    • What causes plague?
    • What are risk factors for plague?
    • What is the incubation period for plague?
    • What are plague symptoms and signs? What are the different types of plague?
    • Is plague contagious? How is plague transmitted?
    • What is the contagious period for pneumonic plague?
    • How do physicians diagnose plague?
    • What is the treatment for plague?
    • What is the prognosis of plague?
    • Is it possible to prevent plague? Is there a plague vaccine?
    • Could plague be used as a biological weapon?
  • NDM-1 NDM-1 (New Delhi metallo-beta-lactamase) is an enzyme produced by certain strains of bacteria that have recently acquired the...learn more »
    In This Article
    NDM-1 Article
    • NDM-1 facts
    • What is NDM-1?
    • What causes NDM-1 to be produced in bacteria?
    • What are symptoms and signs of a person infected with bacteria carrying NDM-1?
    • How are bacteria that produce NDM-1 identified?
    • What is the treatment for an infection caused by bacteria that make NDM-1?
    • What is the prognosis for a person infected with NDM-1 producing bacteria?
    • Can infections with bacteria containing NDM-1 be prevented?
    • Where can people find more information about NDM-1 producing bacteria?
  • Sexually Transmitted Diseases and Pregnancy (STDs) When you are pregnant, many sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) can be especially harmful to you and your baby. These STDs...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sexually Transmitted Diseases and Pregnancy (STDs) Article
    • Pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases, commonly called STDs
    • STDs include
    • What are the symptoms of STDs?
    • How can STDs affect my pregnancy?
    • How can I find out if I have an STD?
    • How are STDs treated in pregnancy?
    • How can I protect myself from STDs?
    • How can I prevent spreading a STD?