Antibiotic Resistance (cont.)

Methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus (MRSA)

Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) bacteria, increasingly seen not only in hospitals and healthcare settings (hospital acquired or HA-MRSA) but also in the wider community, especially among people in close contact such as athletes (community associated or CA-MRSA).

Vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE)

Vancomycin-resistant Enterococci (VRE) bacteria are resistant to vancomycin, an antibiotic regarded as a drug of last resort.

Microbes increasingly resistant to drugs

  • Food-borne bacteria such as E. coli, Salmonella, and Campylobacter that can cause diarrhea and gastroenteritis
  • Sexually transmitted bacteria that cause gonorrhea
  • Penicillin-resistant Streptococci responsible for pneumonia
  • Tuberculosis
  • Influenza
  • HIV
  • Malaria

SOURCE: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health. Antimicrobial (Drug) Resistance.

Last Editorial Review: 2/28/2012

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