Anemia Related Diseases & Conditions

Medical conditions are often related to other diseases and conditions. Our doctors have compiled a list of ailments related to the topic of Anemia. These conditions may be a cause or symptom of Anemia or be a condition for which you may be at increased risk.

  • Kidney Failure Kidney failure can occur from an acute event or a chronic condition or disease. Prerenal kidney failure is caused by blood loss,...learn more »
  • Blood in the Stool (Rectal Bleeding) Blood in the stool or rectal bleeding (hematochezia) refers to the passage of bright red blood from the anus. Common causes...learn more »
    In This Article
    Blood in the Stool (Rectal Bleeding) Article
    • Rectal bleeding (blood in stool) definition and facts
    • What does rectal bleeding (blood in stool) mean?
    • What are causes of blood in the stool (rectal bleeding)?
    • What diseases and conditions can cause blood in the stool (rectal bleeding)?
    • Anal fissures
    • Hemorrhoids
    • Diverticulitis
    • Colon cancer and polyps
    • Angiodysplasias
    • Colitis and proctitis
    • Meckel's diverticulum
    • Polypectomy
    • Rare causes of rectal bleeding
    • What kind of doctor treats rectal bleeding?
    • When should I call a doctor for blood in the stool (rectal bleeding)?
    • How is the cause of blood in the stool (rectal bleeding) diagnosed?
    • History and physical examination
    • Anoscopy
    • Flexible sigmoidoscopy
    • Colonoscopy
    • Radionuclide scans
    • Visceral angiogram
    • Video capsule and small intestine endoscopy
    • MRI and CT tomographic angiography
    • Nasogastric tube aspiration
    • Esophagogastroduodenoscopy
    • Blood tests
    • What is the treatment for rectal bleeding (blood in the stool)?
    • Can rectal bleeding (blood in the stool) be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis of rectal bleeding (blood in the stool)?
  • Leukemia Leukemia is a type of cancer of the blood cells in which the growth and development of the blood cells are abnormal. Strictly...learn more »
    In This Article
    Leukemia Article
    • Leukemia facts
    • What is leukemia? What are the different types of leukemia?
    • What causes leukemia? Is leukemia hereditary?
    • What are leukemia risk factors?
    • What are leukemia symptoms and signs?
    • How do physicians diagnose leukemia?
    • What is the treatment for leukemia?
    • What are complications of leukemia?
    • What is the prognosis of leukemia?
    • Is it possible to prevent leukemia?
    • What support groups are available for people with leukemia?
    • What research is being done on leukemia?
  • Low Blood Pressure (Hypotension) Low blood pressure, also referred to as hypotension, is blood pressure that is so low that it causes symptoms or signs due to the...learn more »
  • Gastritis Gastritis is an inflammation of the stomach lining. Causes of gastritis include drinking too much alcohol, medications such as...learn more »
  • Colon Cancer Colon cancer is a malignancy that arises from the inner lining of the colon. Most, if not all, of these cancers develop from...learn more »
    In This Article
    Colon Cancer Article
    • Colon cancer facts
    • What is cancer?
    • What is cancer of the colon and rectum?
    • What are the causes of colon cancer?
    • What are the symptoms of colon cancer?
    • What tests can be done to detect colon cancer?
    • How can colon cancer be prevented?
    • What are the treatments and survival for colon cancer?
    • What is the follow-up care for colon cancer?
    • What does the future hold for patients with colorectal cancer?
  • Muscle Spasms Muscle spasms are involuntary muscle contractions that come on suddenly and are usually quite painful. Dehydration, doing...learn more »
  • 15 Early Symptoms and Signs of Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) Early RA symptoms and signs vary differently from person to person. The most common body parts that are initially affected by RA...learn more »
  • Polycythemia (High Red Blood Cell Count) Polycythemia (elevated red blood cell count) causes are either primary (aquired or genetic mutations) or secondary (diseases,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Polycythemia (High Red Blood Cell Count) Article
    • Polycythemia facts
    • What is polycythemia?
    • What are normal ranges of hematocrit, red cell counts, and hemoglobin?
    • What causes polycythemia?
    • What are the causes of primary polycythemia?
    • What are the common causes of secondary polycythemia?
    • Can other sources of erythropoietin (EPO) cause polycythemia?
    • What is relative polycythemia?
    • What are the risk factors for polycythemia?
    • What is stress polycythemia?
    • What are the symptoms of polycythemia?
    • When should I see a doctor about polycythemia?
    • How is polycythemia diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for polycythemia?
    • What are the complications of polycythemia?
    • Can polycythemia be prevented?
    • What is the outlook (prognosis) for polycythemia?
  • Nosebleed Nosebleed is common in dry climates during winter months, and in hot dry climates with low humidity. Individual taking blood...learn more »
    In This Article
    Nosebleed Article
    • Nosebleed facts
    • What causes nosebleeds?
    • How do you stop the common nosebleed?
    • How do you prevent the nose from bleeding again?
    • What if a person has frequent nosebleeds?
    • What precautions can you take to prevent nose bleeding?
    • When should you call your doctor or go to an emergency room for a nosebleed?
    • What should I do if the doctor has placed nasal packs?
  • Vaginal Bleeding Normal vaginal bleeding (menorrhea) occurs through the process of menstruation. Abnormal vaginal bleeding in women who are...learn more »
    In This Article
    Vaginal Bleeding Article
    • Vaginal bleeding facts
    • What is normal vaginal bleeding?
    • What is abnormal vaginal bleeding?
    • What conditions cause abnormal vaginal bleeding in women who are ovulating regularly?
    • What conditions cause vaginal bleeding after menopause or abnormal vaginal bleeding in women who are not ovulating regularly?
    • What causes abnormal vaginal bleeding during pregnancy?
    • What causes vaginal bleeding during or after sexual intercourse?
    • What diagnostic tests are used to evaluate abnormal vaginal bleeding?
    • How is irregular vaginal bleeding treated?
  • Internal Bleeding Internal bleeding occurs when an artery or vein is damaged and blood to escapes the circulatory system and collects inside the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Internal Bleeding Article
    • Internal bleeding facts
    • What is internal bleeding?
    • What causes internal bleeding?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of internal bleeding?
    • How is internal bleeding diagnosed?
    • How is internal bleeding treated?
    • What are the complications of internal bleeding?
  • Thrombocytopenia (Low Platelet Count) Thrombocytopenia (low platelet count) refers to a decreased number of platelets in the blood. Symptoms of thrombocytopenia...learn more »
    In This Article
    Thrombocytopenia (Low Platelet Count) Article
    • Thrombocytopenia (low platelet count) definition and facts
    • What is thrombocytopenia (low platelet count)?
    • What are the symptoms of thrombocytopenia?
    • What causes thrombocytopenia?
    • Decreased platelet production
    • Increased platelet destruction or consumption
    • Splenic sequestration
    • When should I seek medical care for thrombocytopenia?
    • Which specialties of doctors treat thrombycytopenia (low platelet count)?
    • How is thrombocytopenia diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for thrombocytopenia (low platelet count)?
    • What are the complications of thrombocytopenia?
    • Can thrombocytopenia be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis for a person with thrombocytopenia (low platelet count)?
  • Multiple Myeloma Multiple myeloma is a form of cancer that develops in plasma cells, the white blood cells that make antibodies. Symptoms include...learn more »
    In This Article
    Multiple Myeloma Article
    • Multiple myeloma facts
    • What is multiple myeloma?
    • What causes multiple myeloma?
    • What are risk factors for multiple myeloma?
    • What are multiple myeloma symptoms and signs?
    • How do health-care professionals diagnose multiple myeloma?
    • What are the stages of multiple myeloma?
    • What is the treatment for multiple myeloma?
    • What types of specialists treat multiple myeloma?
    • What is the prognosis for multiple myeloma?
    • What support systems are available for multiple myeloma?
  • Dizziness Dizziness is a symptom that is often applies to a variety of sensations including lightheadedness and vertigo. Causes of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Dizziness Article
    • Dizziness facts
    • Introduction to dizziness (feeling dizzy)
    • What are some common causes of dizziness?
    • Low blood pressure
    • Postural or orthostatic hypotension
    • High blood pressure
    • Diabetes
    • Endocrine diseases
    • Hyperventilation
    • Heart conditions
    • Vasovagal syncope
    • Dizziness and vertigo
    • What are the symptoms experienced when a person feels dizzy?
    • When should I call the doctor for dizziness?
    • How is dizziness diagnosed?
    • How is vertigo diagnosed?
    • How is dizziness treated?
  • Uterine Fibroids (Benign Tumors of the Uterus) Uterine fibroids are benign tumors that originate in the uterus and are usually round or semi-round in shape. The most common...learn more »
    In This Article
    Uterine Fibroids (Benign Tumors of the Uterus) Article
    • Uterine fibroids facts
    • What are uterine fibroids?
    • What causes uterine fibroids and how common are they?
    • What are the symptomsof uterine fibroids?
    • Do untreated uterine fibroids pose a risk?
    • What are the usual ways of diagnosing uterine fibroids?
    • What is the treatment for uterine fibroids?
    • Surgery for fibroids
    • Medical treatment for fibroids
    • What are the risks of uterine fibroids during pregnancy?
  • Pernicious Anemia Pernicious anemia is a blood disorder in which the body does not make enough red blood cells due to a lack of vitamin B12 in the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pernicious Anemia Article
    • Pernicious anemia facts
    • What is pernicious anemia?
    • What is megaloblastic anemia?
    • What causes pernicious anemia?
    • Is pernicious anemia the same as vitamin B-12 deficiency anemia?
    • What are the symptoms of vitamin B-12 deficiency/ pernicious anemia?
    • What kinds of doctors treat pernicious anemia?
    • How is pernicious anemia/vitamin B-12 deficiency diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for pernicious anemia and vitamin B-12 deficiency?
    • Can pernicious anemia/ vitamin B-12 deficiency be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis for pernicious anemia/ vitamin B-12 deficiency?
  • Hair Loss There are many causes of scalp hair loss. This featured article covers the common ones such as patchy hair loss (alopecia areata,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hair Loss Article
    • Hair loss facts
    • What are causes and risk factors for hair loss?
    • What types of doctors treat hair loss?
    • How do physicians classify hair loss?
    • What is alopecia areata?
    • What is traction alopecia?
    • What is trichotillomania?
    • What is tinea capitis?
    • What is generalized (diffuse) hair loss?
    • What is telogen effluvium?
    • What is androgenetic or androgenic alopecia ("male-pattern baldness," "female-pattern baldness")?
    • What treatment is there for hair loss in men?
    • What other options do people have for hair loss?
    • Is hair loss in women different than men?
    • What about pregnancy hair loss?
    • What specific treatments are there for hair loss in women?
    • What vitamins are good for hair loss? Are there home remedies for hair loss?
    • Can itchy scalp cause hair loss?
    • What is the prognosis for hair loss?
    • How do people prevent hair loss?
  • Iron Deficiency Iron is a mineral our bodies need. Iron deficiency is a condition resulting from not enough iron in the body. It is the most...learn more »
    In This Article
    Iron Deficiency Article
    • Iron and iron deficiency facts*
    • What is iron and why do we need it?
    • What is iron deficiency and why is it a concern?
    • What causes iron deficiency?
    • Who is most at risk for iron deficiency?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of iron deficiency?
    • How is iron deficiency diagnosed?
    • How is iron deficiency treated?
    • Can iron deficiency be prevented?
    • Babies
    • Young children (aged 1-5 years)
    • Adolescent girls and women of childbearing age
    • Pregnant women
    • How much iron do I need?
    • What are dietary sources of iron?
    • Dietary sources of Vitamin C
    • Iron overload and hemochromatosis
  • Lupus (Systemic Lupus Erythematosus or SLE) Systemic lupus erythematosus is a condition characterized by chronic inflammation of body tissues caused by autoimmune disease....learn more »
    In This Article
    Lupus (Systemic Lupus Erythematosus or SLE) Article
    • Systemic lupus erythematosus facts
    • What is systemic lupus erythematosus? What are the types of lupus?
    • What are risk factors and causes of systemic lupus erythematosus? Is lupus contagious? Is lupus hereditary?
    • What is drug-induced lupus?
    • What are lupus symptoms and signs?
    • How is systemic lupus erythematosus diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for systemic lupus?
    • Is there a systemic lupus erythematosus diet?
    • How can a lupus patient help prevent disease activity (flares)?
    • How can systemic lupus erythematosus affect pregnancy or the newborn?
    • What specialties of doctors treat lupus?
    • What is the prognosis of lupus? What does the future hold for people with systemic lupus?
    • Where can one get more information about systemic lupus erythematosus?
  • Ulcerative Colitis Ulcerative colitis is a chronic inflammation of the colon. Symptoms include abdominal pain, diarrhea, and rectal bleeding....learn more »
    In This Article
    Ulcerative Colitis Article
    • Ulcerative colitis facts
    • What is ulcerative colitis?
    • What causes ulcerative colitis?
    • What are the symptoms of ulcerative colitis?
    • How is the diagnosis of ulcerative colitis made?
    • What are the complications of ulcerative colitis?
    • What are the treatments for ulcerative colitis?
    • What are ulcerative colitis medications?
    • 5-ASA Compounds
    • Systemic corticosteroids (including side effects)
    • Golimumab (Simponi)
    • What are immunomodulator medications?
    • Summary of medication treatment
    • Surgery for ulcerative colitis
    • Treatment by disease severity and location (based on ACG Practice Guidelines)
    • Are there any special dietary requirements for persons with ulcerative colitis?
    • What research is being done regarding ulcerative colitis?
  • Tongue Problems There are a variety of diseases and conditions that can cause tongue problems, discoloration, and soreness. Though most tongue...learn more »
    In This Article
    Tongue Problems Article
    • Tongue facts
    • What are common tongue problems?
    • What causes tongue problems?
    • What are the risk factors for tongue problems?
    • White tongue
    • Red tongue
    • Black tongue
    • Increased size or tongue swelling
    • Growths on the tongue
    • Abnormalities of the tongue surface
    • Tongue pain
    • Altered sensation of the tongue
    • Taste problems
    • Problems with tongue movement
    • What are tongue problems in infants and children?
    • What are tongue problems in pregnancy?
    • How do health-care professionals diagnose tongue problems?
    • Are there home remedies for tongue problems?
    • What are the treatments for tongue problems?
    • Is it possible to prevent tongue problems?
    • What is the prognosis for tongue problems?
  • Fatigue Fatigue can be described in various ways. Sometimes fatigue is described as feeling a lack of energy and motivation (both mental...learn more »
    In This Article
    Fatigue Article
    • Fatigue Facts
    • Fatigue introduction
    • What causes fatigue?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of fatigue?
    • How is the cause of fatigue diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for fatigue?
    • Can fatigue be prevented?
  • Pancreatic Cancer Pancreatic cancer is a malignant tumor of the pancreas. Pancreatic cancer has been called a "silent" disease because early...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pancreatic Cancer Article
    • Pancreatic cancer facts
    • What does a pancreas do?
    • What is cancer?
    • What is pancreatic cancer and its types?
    • What are pancreatic cancer causes and risk factors?
    • What are pancreatic cancer symptoms and signs?
    • How is the diagnosis of pancreatic cancer made?
    • How is pancreatic cancer staged?
    • What is the treatment for resectable pancreatic cancer?
    • What is the treatment for locally advanced unresectable pancreatic cancer?
    • What is the treatment for metastatic pancreatic cancer?
    • What are the side effects of pancreatic cancer treatment?
    • What is the survival rate with pancreatic cancer?
    • What research is being done on pancreatic cancer?
    • Is complimentary or alternative medicine effective in pancreatic cancer treatment?
    • Is it possible to prevent pancreatic cancer?
    • Where can people get support when coping with pancreatic cancer?
    • Where can people find additional information about pancreatic cancer?
  • Enlarged Spleen (Splenomegaly) An enlarged spleen or splenomegaly is generally caused by other diseases or conditions such as infections, cancers, blood...learn more »
    In This Article
    Enlarged Spleen (Splenomegaly) Article
    • Enlarged spleen (splenomegaly) facts
    • What is the spleen, and what does it do (function)?
    • What type of pain, and where is the pain located with an enlarged spleen?
    • What are other signs and symptoms of an enlarged spleen?
    • Where is the spleen, and what does it look like?
    • What are the causes of an enlarged spleen?
    • How is the diagnosis of an enlarged spleen made?
    • What is the treatment for an enlarged spleen?
    • What complications are associated with an enlarged spleen?
    • Can an enlarged spleen be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis for someone with an enlarged spleen?
  • Restless Leg Syndrome Restless leg syndrome (RLS or restless legs syndrome) is a common cause for painful legs that typically eases with motion, and...learn more »
  • Fainting (Syncope) Fainting, also referred to as blacking out, syncope, or temporary loss of consciousness has many causes. Often a person will have...learn more »
  • Crohn's Disease Crohn's disease is a chronic inflammatory disease, primarily involving the small and large intestine, but which can affect...learn more »
    In This Article
    Crohn's Disease Article
    • Crohn's disease facts
    • What is Crohn's disease?
    • What causes Crohn's disease?
    • How does Crohn's disease affect the intestines?
    • How is Crohn's disease different from ulcerative colitis?
    • What are the symptoms of Crohn's disease?
    • What are the complications of Crohn's disease?
    • How is Crohn's disease diagnosed?
    • How is Crohn's disease treated?
    • Crohn's Disease Medications
    • Anti-inflammatory medications
    • 5-ASA (mesalamine) oral medications
    • 5-ASA rectal medications (Rowasa, Canasa)
    • Corticosteroids
    • Budesonide (Entocort EC)
    • Antibiotics for Crohn's disease
    • Immuno-modulator medications
    • Azathioprine (Imuran) and 6-mercaptopurine (6-MP, Purinethol)
    • Infliximab (Remicade)
    • Adalimumab (Humira)
    • Certolizumab pegol (Cimzia)
    • Natalizumab (Tysabri)
    • Methotrexate (Rheumatrex, Trexall)
    • Surgery in Crohn's disease
    • Are there any recommendations for diet, supplementation, or vaccinations for Crohn's disease?
    • Conclusions
  • Alcoholism Alcoholism is a disease that includes alcohol craving and continued drinking despite repeated alcohol-related problems, such as...learn more »
    In This Article
    Alcoholism Article
    • Alcohol use disorder facts
    • What is alcohol abuse?
    • What is alcoholism?
    • What differentiates alcohol abuse from alcoholism?
    • What are risk factors for alcoholism?
    • What causes alcoholism? Is alcoholism hereditary?
    • What are alcohol use disorder symptoms and signs in teenagers, women, men, and the elderly?
    • How do physicians diagnose alcohol use disorder?
    • What are the stages of alcohol use disorder?
    • What is the treatment for alcohol use disorder?
    • What medications treat alcohol use disorder?
    • How can you tell if someone has a drinking problem?
    • Can an alcoholic just cut back or stop drinking?
    • Is there a safe level of drinking?
    • Is it safe to drink alcohol while pregnant?
    • How can someone find more information or get help or support to treat alcohol use disorder?
    • What are the long-term physical and psychological effects of alcohol use disorder?
    • What is codependency, and what is the treatment for codependency?
    • Is it possible to prevent alcohol use disorder?
    • What is the prognosis of alcohol use disorder?
  • Puberty The time when boys and girls begin the process of sexual maturation is called puberty. During this time, both sexes undergo a...learn more »
    In This Article
    Puberty Article
    • Puberty facts
    • What is puberty?
    • When does puberty occur?
    • What determines when puberty begins?
    • What are the physical stages of puberty in girls and boys?
    • What other changes in the body occur during puberty in boys and girls?
    • What are the medical concerns associated with normal puberty?
    • What are medical conditions associated with early or late puberty?
  • Cancer Cancer is a disease caused by an abnormal growth of cells, also called malignancy. It is a group of 100 different diseases, and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cancer Article
    • Cancer facts
    • What is cancer?
    • What causes cancer?
    • What are cancer symptoms and signs?
    • What are the different types of cancer?
    • How is cancer diagnosed?
    • How is cancer staging determined?
    • What is the treatment for cancer?
    • Are there home remedies or alternative treatments for cancer?
    • What is the prognosis for cancer?
    • Can cancer be prevented?
    • Where can people find more information about cancer?
  • Heart Murmur A heart murmur is the sound generated when blood flow within the heart is not smooth. Causes of heart murmurs can be functional,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Heart Murmur Article
    • Heart murmur facts
    • What is a heart murmur?
    • What causes a heart murmur?
    • What are the risk factors for heart murmur?
    • What are the symptoms of a heart murmur?
    • When should I seek medical care for a heart murmur?
    • How is a heart murmur diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for a heart murmur?
    • What are the complications of a heart murmur?
    • Can heart murmur be prevented?
    • What is the outlook (prognosis) for a patient with a heart murmur?
  • Head and Neck Cancer Head and neck cancer is cancer of the oral cavity, salivary glands, paranasal sinuses and nasal cavity, pharynx, larynx, or lymph...learn more »
    In This Article
    Head and Neck Cancer Article
    • Head and neck cancer facts*
    • What is cancer?
    • What kinds of cancers are considered cancers of the head and neck?
    • How common are head and neck cancers?
    • What causes head and neck cancers?
    • What are common symptoms of head and neck cancers?
    • How are head and neck cancers diagnosed?
    • What health professionals treat patients with head and neck cancers?
    • How are head and neck cancers treated?
    • Are clinical trials (research studies) available for patients with head and neck cancers?
    • What rehabilitation or support options are available for patients with head and neck cancers?
    • Is follow-up treatment necessary? What does it involve?
    • What can people who have had head and neck cancer do to reduce the risk of developing a second primary (new) cancer?
  • Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) causes HIV infection and the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). Symptoms and signs...learn more »
    In This Article
    Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Article
    • Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) facts
    • What is the history of HIV, and when was HIV discovered?
    • What tests are used in the diagnosis of HIV?
    • How is HIV spread (transmitted)?
    • What are symptoms and signs of HIV infection and AIDS in men, women, and children?
    • What happens after an exposure to the blood or genital secretions of an HIV-infected person?
    • What laboratory tests are used to monitor HIV-infected people?
    • What are HIV treatments and medications? What are the key principles in managing HIV infection?
    • When should antiviral therapy be started?
    • What is the initial therapy for HIV?
    • What are nucleoside and nucleotide analogue reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs)?
    • What are nonnucleoside analogue reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTIs)?
    • What are protease inhibitors?
    • What are fusion inhibitors?
    • What is a CCR5 antagonist?
    • What is an integrase strand transfer inhibitor?
    • What HIV drugs are in development?
    • What are side effects of HIV therapy?
    • What happens if the patient's viral load increases while on HIV therapy?
    • What are the risks of missing doses or stopping antiviral therapy?
    • Should patients with the flu- or mono-like illness of primary HIV infection be treated?
    • What about treatment for HIV during pregnancy?
    • What can be done for people who have severe immunosuppression?
    • What is the future for HIV-infected individuals with regards to treatment simplification and cure research?
    • What is in the future for preventing HIV transmission?
  • Macular Degeneration Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a disease that gradually destroys the central vision. In people over 60, AMD is a...learn more »
    In This Article
    Macular Degeneration Article
    • Macular degeneration facts
    • What is macular degeneration?
    • What is the retina?
    • What is the macula?
    • What is age-related macular degeneration (AMD)?
    • What is wet age-related macular degeneration?
    • What are retinal drusen?
    • What is dry age-related macular degeneration?
    • What causes macular degeneration?
    • What are risk factors for macular degeneration?
    • What are macular degeneration symptoms?
    • What are signs of macular degeneration?
    • What type of specialist treats macular degeneration?
    • How do health-care professionals diagnose macular degeneration?
    • What is the treatment for wet macular degeneration?
    • What is the treatment for dry macular degeneration?
    • What are complications of macular degeneration?
    • What is the prognosis for macular degeneration?
    • Is it possible to prevent macular degeneration?
    • What research is being done on macular degeneration?
  • Orthostatic Hypotension Orthostatic hypotension symptoms include lightheadedness, weakness, blurred vision, and syncope or passing out. Causes of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Orthostatic Hypotension Article
    • Orthostatic hypotension facts
    • What is orthostatic hypotension?
    • What causes orthostatic hypotension?
    • What are the risk factors for orthostatic hypotension?
    • What are the symptoms of orthostatic hypotension?
    • When should I call the doctor for orthostatic hypotension?
    • How is orthostatic hypotension diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for orthostatic hypotension?
    • What are the complications of orthostatic hypotension?
    • How can orthostatic hypotension be prevented?
  • Palpitations Palpitations are uncomfortable sensations of the heart beating hard, rapidly, or irregularly. Some types of palpitations are...learn more »
    In This Article
    Palpitations Article
    • What are palpitations?
    • What are the different types of palpitations?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of palpitations?
    • How are palpitations diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for palpitations?
    • What is the prognosis for palpitations?
    • Can palpitations be prevented?
  • Inflammatory Bowel Disease (Intestinal Problems of IBD) The inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) are Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC). The intestinal complications of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Inflammatory Bowel Disease (Intestinal Problems of IBD) Article
    • Intestinal bowel disease facts
    • What is inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)?
    • What are the intestinal complications of IBD?
    • Are the intestinal complications of ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease different?
    • Do intestinal ulcers occur in IBD?
    • How are ulcers in IBD diagnosed and treated?
    • Does gastrointestinal bleeding occur in IBD?
    • How is gastrointestinal bleeding in IBD diagnosed and treated?
    • How do intestinal strictures form in IBD?
    • What are symptoms of intestinal strictures, and how are they diagnosed and treated?
    • What are intestinal fistulas?
    • What symptoms do fistulas cause and how are they diagnosed and treated?
    • What are fissures and how are they treated?
    • What is small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO)?
    • Does colon cancer occur in IBD?
    • What should be done about polyps in IBD?
    • What is toxic megacolon and what are its causes and symptoms?
    • What kind of malabsorption occurs in IBD?
  • Stomach Cancer Though the cause of stomach cancer is unknown, risk factors for stomach cancer include diet, H. pylori infection, smoking age,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Stomach Cancer Article
    • Stomach cancer facts*
    • What is the stomach?
    • What is cancer, and how does stomach cancer spread?
    • What are risk factors and causes of stomach cancer?
    • What are symptoms of stomach cancer?
    • How is stomach cancer diagnosed?
    • How is staging determined?
    • What is the treatment for stomach cancer?
    • Surgery
    • Chemotherapy
    • Radiation therapy
    • How do I go about getting a second opinion?
    • What are some of the nutritional concerns of stomach cancer patients?
    • What are treatment options for cancer that blocks the digestive tract?
    • What follow-up care is necessary for stomach cancer patients? What about complementary and alternative medicine?
    • What support is there for cancer patients?
    • How can I take part in clinical trials for stomach cancer?
  • Beta Thalassemia Beta Thalassemia is the most familiar type of thalassemia. Thalassemia is not just one disease but rather a complex series of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Beta Thalassemia Article
    • Thalassemia facts
    • What are the thalassemias?
    • What is beta thalassemia?
    • What is the difference between thalassemia minor and major?
    • What is Mediterranean anemia?
    • What is the genetic pattern of inheritance of beta thalassemia?
    • The diagnosis of thalassemia major and minor
    • The treatment of thalassemia major
  • Sickle Cell Disease (Sickle Cell Anemia) Sickle cell anemia (sickle cell disease), a blood disease which shortens life expectancy, is cause by an inherited abnormal...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sickle Cell Disease (Sickle Cell Anemia) Article
    • Sickle cell anemia (SCD) facts
    • What is sickle cell anemia?
    • How is sickle cell anemia inherited?
    • What conditions promote the sickling (distortion) of the red blood cells in sickle cell anemia?
    • How is sickle cell anemia diagnosed?
    • What are the symptoms and treatments of sickle cell anemia?
    • What is the outlook (prognosis) for patients with sickle cell anemia?
  • Neutropenia Neutropenia is a marked decrease in the number of neutrophils, neutrophils being a type of white blood cell (specifically a form...learn more »
    In This Article
    Neutropenia Article
    • Neutropenia facts
    • What is neutropenia?
    • How is neutropenia defined?
    • What are the clinical consequences of neutropenia?
    • What causes neutropenia?
    • How is neutropenia diagnosed?
    • How is neutropenia treated?
  • Malaria Malaria is a disease that is spread by the bite of an infected Anopheles mosquito. Malaria symptoms include fever, chills,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Malaria Article
    • Malaria facts
    • What is malaria?
    • Is malaria contagious?
    • What causes malaria?
    • What are risk factors for malaria? Is it possible to prevent malaria?
    • What are malaria symptoms and signs?
    • How do physicians diagnose malaria?
    • What is the treatment for malaria?
    • What is the prognosis of malaria?
    • Is there a malaria vaccine?
    • Can malaria reoccur after treatment?
  • Hypoxia (Hypoxemia) Hypoxia is a condition in which the normal concentration of oxygen in the blood is not enough for normal life functions....learn more »
    In This Article
    Hypoxia (Hypoxemia) Article
    • Hypoxia and hypoxemia facts
    • What is hypoxia and hypoxemia?
    • What causes hypoxia and hypoxemia?
    • What are the symptoms of hypoxia and hypoxemia?
    • How is hypoxia and/or hypoxemia diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for hypoxia and/or hypoxemia?
    • Can hypoxia and/or hypoxemia be prevented?
  • Celiac Disease Celiac disease is a condition in which a person has inflammation of the small intestinal mucosa when exposed to gluten in the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Celiac Disease Article
    • Celiac disease facts
    • What causes celiac disease?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of celiac disease?
    • Are there other diseases or conditions associated with celiac disease?
    • How is celiac disease diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for celiac disease?
    • What are the complications of celiac disease?
    • What is a gluten-free diet?
  • G6PD Deficiency G6PD deficiency (Glucose 6-phosphate dehydrogenase) leads to a condition called hemolytic anemia. Causes of G6PD deficiency is an...learn more »
    In This Article
    G6PD Deficiency Article
    • Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency facts*
    • What is glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency?
    • How common is glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency?
    • What genes are related to glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency?
    • How do people inherit glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency?
    • What other names do people use for glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency?
  • Endocarditis Endocarditis, a serious infection of one of the four heart valves is caused by growth of bacteria on one of the heart valves;...learn more »
    In This Article
    Endocarditis Article
    • Endocarditis facts
    • What is endocarditis?
    • What causes endocarditis?
    • What are the symptoms of endocarditis?
    • Who is at risk for endocarditis?
    • How is endocarditis diagnosed?
    • How is endocarditis treated?
  • Anorexia Anorexia is an eating disorder characterized by markedly reduced appetite or total aversion to food. Anorexia is a serious...learn more »
    In This Article
    Anorexia Article
    • Anorexia nervosa facts
    • What is anorexia nervosa?
    • Who is at risk for anorexia nervosa?
    • What causes anorexia nervosa?
    • How is anorexia nervosa diagnosed?
    • What are anorexia symptoms and signs (psychological and behavioral)?
    • What are anorexia symptoms, signs, and complications (physical)?
    • What is the treatment for anorexia nervosa?
    • What is the prognosis (outcome) of anorexia nervosa?
    • How can anorexia nervosa be prevented?
    • The future of anorexia nervosa
    • Where can a person get help for anorexia nervosa?
  • Hirschsprung's Disease Hirschsprung's disease (Hirschsprung), is a disease of the nerve cells of of the large intestine. The primary symptom of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hirschsprung's Disease Article
    • What is Hirschsprung's disease?
    • What are the large intestine, colon, rectum, and anus?
    • Why does Hirschsprung's disease cause constipation?
    • What causes Hirschsprung's disease?
    • What are the symptoms of Hirschsprung's disease?
    • How is Hirschsprung's disease treated?
    • What will my child's life be like after surgery?
    • If I have more children, will they also have Hirschsprung's disease?
    • Hirschsprung's Disease At A Glance
  • Genetic Disease Genetic disease is a disorder or condition caused by abnormalities in a person's genome. Types of genetic inheritance include...learn more »
    In This Article
    Genetic Disease Article
    • What is a genetic disease?
    • What are the different types of inheritance?
    • Single gene inheritance
    • Multifactorial inheritance
    • Chromosome abnormalities
    • Mitochondrial inheritance
    • What is the human genome?
  • Alpha Thalassemia Alpha thalassemia is a disorder in which the alpha globin protein is underproduced. There are two pairs of genes that carry the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Alpha Thalassemia Article
    • Alpha thalassemia facts*
    • What is alpha thalassemia?
    • What are the symptoms of alpha thalassemia?
    • What are the types of alpha thalassemia?
    • How common is alpha thalassemia?
    • What genes are related to alpha thalassemia?
    • How do people inherit alpha thalassemia?
  • Ulcerative Colitis Diet An ulcerative colitis diet plan can help a person with the disease avoid foods and drinks that trigger flares. There also are...learn more »
    In This Article
    Ulcerative Colitis Diet Article
    • What is ulcerative colitis?
    • What are the symptoms of ulcerative colitis?
    • What causes ulcerative colitis?
    • What is an ulcerative colitis diet?
    • 19 trigger foods to avoid with an ulcerative colitis diet plan
    • What foods help manage and soothe ulcerative colitis flares?
    • How can I track foods that cause flare-ups and trigger symptoms of my ulcerative colitis?
    • What other things trigger ulcerative colitis symptoms and flare-ups?
    • Which specialties of health-care professionals prescribe an ulcerative colitis diet?
  • Noise Induced Hearing Loss and Its Prevention Noise-induced hearing loss may be an acoustic trauma (temporary hearing loss), or permanent due to an acute acoustic trauma....learn more »
    In This Article
    Noise Induced Hearing Loss and Its Prevention Article
    • What is the importance of noise-induced hearing loss?
    • What are acoustic trauma and noise-induced hearing loss?
    • How can a person tell if a noisy situation is dangerous to their hearing?
    • How loud can a sound get before it affects hearing?
    • Do the duration and closeness of exposure to loud noise relate to hearing damage?
    • What factors increase a person's susceptibility to noise-induced hearing loss?
    • How else can noise affect a person?
    • What are the regulations regarding on-the-job exposure to noise?
    • How effective are hearing protection devices?
    • What are the common problems with hearing protectors?
    • Do hearing protectors prevent a person from communicating with others?
    • How is hearing loss identified?
    • What can be done to treat hearing loss?
  • Leishmaniasis Leishmaniasis is a disease caused by the bite of an infected sand fly. The most common types of leishmania infection are...learn more »
    In This Article
    Leishmaniasis Article
    • Leishmaniasis facts
    • What is leishmaniasis?
    • What are the different types of leishmaniasis?
    • What causes leishmaniasis? How is leishmaniasis transmitted?
    • What are risk factors for leishmaniasis?
    • What are leishmaniasis symptoms and signs?
    • How is leishmaniasis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for leishmaniasis?
    • What is the prognosis of leishmaniasis?
    • Can leishmaniasis be prevented?
    • Where can people get more information about leishmaniasis?
  • Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis) Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (juvenile rheumatoid arthritis or JRA) annually affects one child in every thousand. There are six...learn more »
    In This Article
    Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis) Article
    • Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA)/juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA) facts
    • What is juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA)/juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA)?
    • What are causes and risk factors of juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA)/juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA) arthritis?
    • What are juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA)/juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA) symptoms and signs, and how are the different types of juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA)/juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA) diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA)/juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA)? What medications treat JIA/JRA?
    • What are complications of juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA)/juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA)?
    • What is the prognosis of juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA)/juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA)?
  • Genetic Counseling Your health care provider may refer you to a genetic professional. Universities and medical centers also often have affiliated...learn more »
    In This Article
    Genetic Counseling Article
    • What are genetic professionals and what do they do?
    • What is genetic counseling and evaluation?
    • How do I find a genetic professional?
    • How do I decide whether I need to see a geneticist or other specialist?
  • Bilirubin (Bilirubin Test) Bilirubin is a waste product of the normal breakdown of red blood cells in the liver. Normal bilirubin levels vary from lab to...learn more »
    In This Article
    Bilirubin (Bilirubin Test) Article
    • Bilirubin and blood test facts
    • What is bilirubin?
    • What are normal bilirubin levels in adults?
    • What do high bilirubin levels in adults mean?
    • What are symptoms of high bilirubin levels in adults?
    • What are the symptoms of high bilirubin levels in newborns?
    • What do high bilirubin levels in a newborn mean?
    • What are other names for bilirubin?
    • What is the treatment for elevated bilirubin in adults?
    • What is the bilirubin test?
    • How do I prepare for the bilirubin test?
    • How is the bilirubin test performed?
    • What risks are associated with the bilirubin test?
    • What is the prognosis for an adult with elevated bilirubin levels?
    • What is the prognosis for newborns?
    • Can high levels of bilirubin be prevented?
  • Children's Health Children's health is focused on the well-being of children from conception through adolescence. There are many aspects of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Children's Health Article
    • Introduction to children's health
    • Children's growth and development
    • Children's illnesses
    • Children's injuries
    • Children's behavior
    • Children's mental illness
    • Family health and children
    • Community health and children
    • Health care for children
  • Childhood Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL) Childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia is the most common type of cancer in children. Symptoms and signs include fever, easy...learn more »
    In This Article
    Childhood Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL) Article
    • Childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is a type of cancer in which the bone marrow makes too many immature lymphocytes (a type of white blood cell).
    • Family history and exposure to radiation may affect the risk of developing childhood ALL.
    • Possible signs of childhood ALL include fever and bruising.
    • Tests that examine the blood and bone marrow are used to detect (find) and diagnose childhood ALL.
    • Certain factors affect prognosis (chance of recovery) and treatment options.
    • In childhood ALL, risk groups are used instead of stages.
    • What is recurrent childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL)?
    • There are different types of treatment for childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL).
    • New types of treatment are being tested in clinical trials.
    • What is the treatment for recurrent childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL)?
  • Is Malaria Contagious? Malaria is transmitted via the bite of an infected mosquito. The incubation period for malaria depends upon the species of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Is Malaria Contagious? Article
    • What is malaria?
    • Is malaria contagious?
    • What is the incubation period for malaria?
    • How is malaria transmitted?
    • How long does it take to be cured of malaria?
    • When should people seek medical care for a suspected malaria infection?
  • Gaucher Disease Gaucher disease is caused by an inherited (genetic) defect in an enzyme glucocerebroside. Signs and symptoms for Gaucher...learn more »
    In This Article
    Gaucher Disease Article
    • Gaucher disease facts
    • What is Gaucher disease?
    • What are the symptoms of Gaucher disease?
    • How is Gaucher disease inherited?
    • How common is Gaucher disease?
    • What are the types of Gaucher disease?
    • What causes Gaucher disease?
    • Which specialties of doctors treat Gaucher disease?
    • Is there a test to diagnose Gaucher disease?
    • What is the treatment for Gaucher disease?
    • What is the prognosis, or life-expectancy, for someone with Gaucher disease?
    • Should I talk to my family about Gaucher disease?
    • What help is available for patients and their families living with Gaucher disease?
    • What other names are used to refer to Gaucher disease?
  • Epstein-Barr Virus (EBV) The Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is a common cause of mononucleosis (viral pharyngitis). Symptoms and signs of an EBV infection...learn more »
    In This Article
    Epstein-Barr Virus (EBV) Article
    • Epstein-Barr virus infection facts
    • What is the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)?
    • What are causes and risk factors for an Epstein-Barr virus infection?
    • Is the Epstein-Barr virus contagious?
    • How long is an Epstein-Barr virus infection contagious?
    • How is the Epstein-Barr virus transmitted?
    • What is the incubation period for an Epstein-Barr virus infection?
    • What are symptoms and signs of an Epstein-Barr virus infection?
    • How do health-care professionals diagnose an Epstein-Barr virus infection?
    • What is the treatment for an Epstein-Barr virus infection?
    • Are there any home remedies for an Epstein-Barr virus infection?
    • What are possible complications of an Epstein-Barr virus infection?
    • What is the prognosis of an Epstein-Barr virus infection?
    • Is it possible to prevent an Epstein-Barr virus infection? Is there an EBV vaccine?
  • The Digestion Process (Organs and Functions) Digestion is the complex process of turning food you eat into the energy you need to survive. The digestive process also involves...learn more »
    In This Article
    The Digestion Process (Organs and Functions) Article
    • Digestion definition
    • What is digestion?
    • The mouth
    • The pharynx and esophagus
    • The stomach and small intestine
    • The colon, rectum, and anus
    • Three accessory digestive organs (pancreas, liver, gallbladder)
  • Bernard-Soulier Disease (Giant Platelet Syndrome) Bernard-Soulier disease is a rare inherited bleeding disorder caused by a defect in the platelet glycoprotein complex 1b-IX-V....learn more »
    In This Article
    Bernard-Soulier Disease (Giant Platelet Syndrome) Article
    • What is Bernard-Soulier syndrome?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of Bernard-Soulier syndrome?
    • What is the cause of Bernard-Soulier syndrome?
    • How is Bernard-Soulier syndrome diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for Bernard-Soulier syndrome?
    • Is there a cure for Bernard-Soulier syndrome?
  • Is Lupus Contagious? Systemic lupus erythematosus in an inflammatory disease. Symptoms and signs include joint pain, fever, and rash. Though lupus is...learn more »
    In This Article
    Is Lupus Contagious? Article
    • What is lupus?
    • Is lupus contagious?
    • How will someone know if he or she has lupus?
    • Can lupus spread?
    • Is there a cure for lupus?
    • When should someone seek medical care for lupus?
  • Spherocytosis (Hereditary, HS) Hereditary spherocytosis is a blood disorder that is inherited. In hereditary spherocytosis the red blood cells are sphere shaped...learn more »
    In This Article
    Spherocytosis (Hereditary, HS) Article
    • Spherocytosis facts
    • What is spherocytosis?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of spherocytosis?
    • What causes spherocytosis?
    • What kind of doctor treats spherocytosis?
    • How is spherocytosis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for spherocytosis?
    • What are the complications of spherocytosis?
    • What is the prognosis for a person with spherocytosis?
    • What are other names for spherocytosis?