Anemia

  • Medical Author:
    Jerry R. Balentine, DO, FACEP

    Dr. Balentine received his undergraduate degree from McDaniel College in Westminster, Maryland. He attended medical school at the Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine graduating in1983. He completed his internship at St. Joseph's Hospital in Philadelphia and his Emergency Medicine residency at Lincoln Medical and Mental Health Center in the Bronx, where he served as chief resident.

  • Medical Author: Siamak N. Nabili, MD, MPH
    Siamak N. Nabili, MD, MPH

    Dr. Nabili received his undergraduate degree from the University of California, San Diego (UCSD), majoring in chemistry and biochemistry. He then completed his graduate degree at the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA). His graduate training included a specialized fellowship in public health where his research focused on environmental health and health-care delivery and management.

  • Medical Editor: William C. Shiel Jr., MD, FACP, FACR
    William C. Shiel Jr., MD, FACP, FACR

    William C. Shiel Jr., MD, FACP, FACR

    Dr. Shiel received a Bachelor of Science degree with honors from the University of Notre Dame. There he was involved in research in radiation biology and received the Huisking Scholarship. After graduating from St. Louis University School of Medicine, he completed his Internal Medicine residency and Rheumatology fellowship at the University of California, Irvine. He is board-certified in Internal Medicine and Rheumatology.

Anemia Symptoms and Signs

Anemia is a condition in which a person has a lower than the normal number of red blood cells or hemoglobin in their blood. A person with anemia may experience symptoms and signs such as:

  • Shortness of breath
  • Palpitations
  • Dizziness
  • Fatigue
  • Decreased energy

Anemia facts

  • Anemia is a medical condition in which the red blood cell count or hemoglobin is less than normal.
  • For men, anemia is typically defined as hemoglobin level of less than 13.5 gram/100 ml and in women as hemoglobin of less than 12.0 gram/100 ml.
  • Anemia is caused by either a decrease in production of red blood cells or hemoglobin, or an increase in loss (usually due to bleeding) or destruction of red blood cells.
  • Some patients with anemia have no symptoms. Those that do have symptoms may
    • feel tired,
    • become easily fatigued,
    • appear pale,
    • have a feeling of a heart racing,
    • feel short of breath, and/or
    • have worsening heart problems.
  • Anemia can be detected by a simple blood test called a complete blood cell count (CBC).
  • The treatment of the anemia varies greatly and very much depends on the particular cause. Continue Reading

Reviewed on 7/16/2015
References
REFERENCE:

Maakaron, Joseph E, et al. "Anemia." eMedicine. 4 Nov. 2011. <http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/198475-overview>.

IMAGES:

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2.Wikipedia - Mikael Häggström

3.iStock

4.iStock/Bigstock

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6.Getty Images

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12.iStock

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15.Getty Images/Blend Images

16.Photolibrary.com

17.Bigstock

18.Getty Images/Blend Images

19.Getty Images/Rubberball

20.iStock

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