Table of Contents
- Anemia facts
- What is anemia?
- What are the symptoms of anemia?
- What causes anemia?
- Can inadequate iron cause anemia (iron deficiency anemia)?
- Iron deficiency anemia (continued)
- What about sudden (acute) blood loss as a cause of anemia?
- What are other causes of anemia?
- Can anemia be hereditary?
- How is anemia diagnosed?
- What is a complete blood cell (CBC) count?
- How is blood collected for a CBC?
- What is the red blood cell (RBC) count?
- What is hemoglobin?
- What does a low hemoglobin level mean?
- What is the hematocrit?
- How is hematocrit determined?
- How is anemia treated?
- What are the complications of anemia?
- What is the outlook (prognosis) for anemia?
Anemia Symptoms and Signs
Anemia is a condition in which a person has a lower than the normal number of red blood cells or hemoglobin in their blood. A person with anemia may experience symptoms and signs such as:
- Shortness of breath
- Decreased energy
- Anemia is a medical condition in which the red blood cell count or hemoglobin is less than normal.
- For men, anemia is typically defined as hemoglobin level of less than 13.5 gram/100 ml and in women as hemoglobin of less than 12.0 gram/100 ml.
- Anemia is caused by either a decrease in production of red blood cells or hemoglobin, or an increase in loss (usually due to bleeding) or destruction of red blood cells.
- Some patients with anemia have no symptoms. Those that do have symptoms may
- feel tired,
- become easily fatigued,
- appear pale,
- have a feeling of a heart racing,
- feel short of breath, and/or
- have worsening heart problems.
- Anemia can be detected by a simple blood test called a complete blood cell count (CBC).
- The treatment of the anemia varies greatly and very much depends on the particular cause. Continue Reading
Maakaron, Joseph E, et al. "Anemia." eMedicine. 4 Nov. 2011. <http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/198475-overview>.
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