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- Anal fissures facts
- What are anal fissures?
- What causes anal fissures?
- What are the symptoms of anal fissures?
- How are anal fissures diagnosed and evaluated?
- What is the treatment for anal fissures?
- General treatment and home remedies for anal fissures
- Prescription medications for anal fissures
- Surgical treatment for anal fissures
- A doctor's observation on anal fissure treatment
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What is the treatment for anal fissures?
The goal of treatment for anal fissures is to break the cycle of spasm of the anal sphincter and its repeated tearing of the anoderm.
General treatment and home remedies for anal fissures
In acute fissures, medical (nonoperative) therapy is successful in the majority of patients. Of acute fissures, 80% to 90% will heal with conservative measures as compared with chronic (recurrent) fissures, which show only a 40% rate of healing.
Initial treatment involves adding bulk to the stool and softening the stool with psyllium or methylcellulose preparations and a high fiber diet.
Other home remedies include:
- Avoiding "sharp" foods that may not be well-digested (i.e., nuts, popcorn, tortilla chips).
- Increase liquid intake, and, at times, take stool softeners (docusate or mineral oil preparations).
- Sitz baths (essentially soaking in a tub of warm water). Sitz baths are encouraged, particularly after bowel movements, to relax the spasm, to increase the flow of blood to the anus, and to clean the anus without rubbing the irritated anoderm.