amphetamine and dextroamphetamine, Adderall, Adderall XR

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GENERIC NAME: amphetamine and dextroamphetamine

BRAND NAME: Adderall, Adderall XR

DRUG CLASS AND MECHANISM: Adderall contains amphetamine salts (amphetamine and dextroamphetamine) and is used for treating attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and narcolepsy. Amphetamines stimulate the brain by increasing the level of neurotransmitters, dopamine and norepinephrine, in the brain. (Neurotransmitters are chemicals produced by nerves that are released and attach to other nearby nerves as a means of communication among nerves.) The exact mechanism of action in ADHD is unknown. Adderall XR is an extended release form of Adderall. Adderall was approved by the FDA in 1996.

GENERIC AVAILABLE: Yes (Adderall), No (Adderall XR)

PRESCRIPTION: Yes

PREPARATIONS: Adderall tablets: 5, 7.5, 10, 12.5, 15, 20, and 30 mg. Adderall XR capsules: 5, 10, 15, 20, 25, and 30 mg.

STORAGE: Tablets should be stored at room temperature, between 15 C and 30 C (59 F and 86 F).

PRESCRIBED FOR: Adderall is used for the treatment of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and narcolepsy. Adderall XR is only approved for treatment of ADHD.

DOSING: Adderall usually is taken once or twice a day. Doses should be separated by at least 4-6 hours. The recommended dose is 2.5 to 60 mg daily depending on the patient's age and the condition being treated. Adderall XR is taken once daily. The recommended dose is 5-40 mg daily administered in the morning. The entire contents of the Adderall XR capsules may be sprinkled into applesauce and consumed immediately. Amphetamines should be administered during waking hours and late evening doses should be avoided in order to avoid insomnia.

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 2/4/2014



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