amoxicillin, Amoxil, Dispermox (Discontinued), Trimox, Moxatag, Larotid

Pharmacy Author:
Medical and Pharmacy Editor:

GENERIC NAME: amoxicillin

BRAND NAME: Amoxil, Dispermox (Discontinued), Trimox, Moxatag, Larotid

DRUG CLASS AND MECHANISM: Amoxicillin belongs to a class of antibiotics called penicillins. Other members of this class include ampicillin (Unasyn), piperacillin (Pipracil), ticarcillin (Ticar) and several others. These antibiotics all have a similar mechanism of action. They do not directly kill bacteria, but they stop bacteria from multiplying by preventing bacteria from forming the walls that surround them. The walls are necessary to protect bacteria from their environment and to keep the contents of the bacterial cell together. Bacteria cannot survive without a cell wall. Amoxicillin is effective against many different bacteria including H. influenzae, N. gonorrhoea, E. coli, Pneumococci, Streptococci, and certain strains of Staphylococci. The FDA approved Amoxicillin in December 1974.

PRESCRIPTION: Yes.

GENERIC AVAILABLE: Yes.

PREPARATIONS: Capsules: 250 and 500 mg. Tablets: 500 and 875 mg. Chewable tablets: 125, 200, 250, and 400 mg. Powder for suspension: 50 mg/ml ; 125, 200, 250, and 400 mg/5 ml. Tablet (Extended release): 775 mg

STORAGE: Amoxicillin capsules as well as the 125 and 250 mg dry powders should b e stored at or below 20 C (68 F).

Chewable tablets as well as 200 and 400 mg dry powders should be stored at or below 25 C(77 F).

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 3/18/2013



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