amikacin sulfate, Amikin (discontinued)

  • Pharmacy Author:
    Omudhome Ogbru, PharmD

    Dr. Ogbru received his Doctorate in Pharmacy from the University of the Pacific School of Pharmacy in 1995. He completed a Pharmacy Practice Residency at the University of Arizona/University Medical Center in 1996. He was a Professor of Pharmacy Practice and a Regional Clerkship Coordinator for the University of the Pacific School of Pharmacy from 1996-99.

  • Medical and Pharmacy Editor: Charles Patrick Davis, MD, PhD
    Charles Patrick Davis, MD, PhD

    Charles Patrick Davis, MD, PhD

    Dr. Charles "Pat" Davis, MD, PhD, is a board certified Emergency Medicine doctor who currently practices as a consultant and staff member for hospitals. He has a PhD in Microbiology (UT at Austin), and the MD (Univ. Texas Medical Branch, Galveston). He is a Clinical Professor (retired) in the Division of Emergency Medicine, UT Health Science Center at San Antonio, and has been the Chief of Emergency Medicine at UT Medical Branch and at UTHSCSA with over 250 publications.

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GENERIC NAME: Amikacin sulfate

DISCONTINUED BRAND: Amikin

DRUG CLASS AND MECHANISM: Amikacin is a man-made aminoglycoside antibiotic. It is similar to tobramycin and gentamicin. Amikacin binds to components of bacteria that produce important bacterial proteins, blocking protein synthesis which eventually leads to stopping further bacterial growth. Amikacin is used to treat infections caused by bacteria that are resistant to gentamicin and tobramycin. Amikacin treats infections caused by gram-negative bacteria such as Pseudomonas species, Escherichia coli, Providencia species, Indole-positive and indole-negative Proteus species, Klebsiella-Enterobacter-Serratia species, and Acinetobacter. Amikacin is also used in certain staphylococcal infections as well.

PRESCRIBED FOR: Amikacin is used for serious bacterial infections like bacterial meningitis, infected burns, cystic fibrosis, and severe urinary tract infections. It used when the infecting organism is resistant to tobramycin and gentamicin.

SIDE EFFECTS: Side effects of Amikacin are:

Amikacin carries a boxed warning of loss of hearing and kidney dysfunction for individuals treated with high doses or for longer periods.

PRESCRIPTION: Yes

GENERIC AVAILABLE: Yes

PREPARATIONS: Amikacin sulfate injection is colorless solution. It is available in 50 mg/ml and 250 mg/ml strengths in 2 ml vials. It is also available in 250 mg/ml strength in 4 ml vials.

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 9/28/2015

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