Table of Contents
- Alzheimer's disease symptoms and stages facts
- What is Alzheimer's disease?
- What are the signs, symptoms, and stages of Alzheimer's disease?
- Stage 1: No impairment
- Stage 2: Very mild cognitive decline
- Stage 3: Mild cognitive decline
- Stage 4: Moderate cognitive decline
- Stage 5: Moderately severe decline
- Stage 6: Severe decline
- Stage 7: Very severe decline
Alzheimer's Disease Symptoms
Alzheimer's disease is a common cause of dementia and its associated symptoms. One of the the main and often the first symptom of Alzheimer's disease is memory problems that develop slowly over time. Symptoms that develop later include
- personality changes (for example, apathy),
- withdrawal, and
- reduced spontaneity.
Quick GuideA Caregiver's Guide to Alzheimer's Disease
Alzheimer's disease symptoms and stages facts
- Alzheimer's disease is a generalized deterioration of brain function that progresses in individuals.
- Depending upon which experts are researched, Alzheimer's disease can have as few as three or as many as seven stages (some stages may include sub stages), but all agree on a gradual and progressive loss of brain functions; the global deterioration scale (GDS) is widely accepted and has seven stages.
- Stage 1: no symptoms
- Stage 2: symptoms include mild memory loss, decreased concentration, forgetting names
- Stage 3: symptoms include forgetting new information, declining work performance, difficulties with future plans and organizational problems, repeating questions
- Stage 4: symptoms include difficulties with complex actions, can't plan ahead, depression, withdrawn, shun challenging situations
- Stage 5: symptom include difficulties remembering home address or phone number, need assistance for common tasks such as making a meal, disorientation to time and/or place, a decline in personal hygiene habits
- Stage 6: symptoms include requiring assistance in getting dressed, forgetting names of close family members, personality changes including paranoia, hallucinations, and delusions, needs assistance with personal hygiene, may require constant monitoring
- Stage 7: the person may not be able to talk or respond rationally, may not be able to control muscle movements, may not be able to sit upright, and eventually, some individuals will not be able to swallow food or liquids Continue Reading
Alzheimer's Association. Stages of Alzheimer's.
Anderson, H. "Alzheimer Disease." Medscape. Updated May 04, 2016.
Alzheimer's Association. "What is Alzheimer's?"
Reisberg, B. "Clinical stages of Alzheimer's." Fisher Center for Alzheimer's Research Foundation.
2. Alzheimer's Disease Education and Referral Center, National Institute on Aging
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10. Getty Images
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