Table of Contents
- What is alcohol?
- How is alcohol made?
- How is alcohol metabolized?
- What are the negative effects of too much alcohol?
- What is alcohol's effect on weight?
- How does alcohol affect your blood sugar?
- Does alcohol cause nutritional deficiencies?
- Does alcohol cause nutritional deficiencies? (continued)
- Do beverages with artificial sweeteners react with alcohol?
- How much alcohol can you safely consume?
Quick GuideAlcohol Abuse: 12 Health Risks of Chronic Heavy Drinking
What are the negative effects of too much alcohol?
Anyone who has ever experienced a hangover would agree that alcohol use doesn't always feel good. Unfortunately, most forget how bad it was and find themselves with a hangover more than once. The dangers can go far beyond that and do not only apply to those who drink excessive amounts.
The impact felt by alcohol begins quickly. As your BAC rises you will feel the effects of alcohol, which can include the following:
- Reduced inhibitions
- Slurred speech
- Motor impairment
- Memory problems
- Concentration problems
- Breathing problems
Long-term alcohol consumption can cause problems related to your brain, liver (cirrhosis, steatosis, alcoholic hepatitis, fibrosis), heart (high blood pressure, cardiomyopathy, arrhythmias, stroke), pancreas (pancreatitis), and immune system. It can also put you at risk for certain cancers, including those of the mouth, esophagus, throat, breast, and liver. It can cause fetal alcohol syndrome in the infant when consumed by pregnant women. There is no known safe level for alcohol consumption in pregnant and lactating women.
According to the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism,
- nearly 88,000 people (approximately 62,000 men and 26,000 women) die from alcohol-related causes annually, making it the third leading preventable cause of death in the United States.
- In 2013, alcohol-impaired driving fatalities accounted for 10,076 deaths (30.8 percent of overall driving fatalities) in the U.S.
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