Alcohol and Nutrition
Table of Contents
- What is alcohol?
- How is alcohol made?
- How is alcohol metabolized?
- What are the negative effects of too much alcohol?
- What is alcohol's effect on weight?
- How does alcohol affect your blood sugar?
- Does alcohol cause nutritional deficiencies?
- Does alcohol cause nutritional deficiencies? (continued)
- Do beverages with artificial sweeteners react with alcohol?
- How much alcohol can you safely consume?
How much alcohol can you safely consume?
If you choose to consume alcohol, you need to do so with the knowledge of how much is safe for you personally and not base it on what others around you are consuming. The guidelines have been established to help you set limits on how much you consume in order to possibly gain some health benefits while avoiding health issues. These guidelines are as follows:
- For healthy men up to age 60,
- no more than four drinks in a day and
- no more than 14 drinks in a week
- For healthy women (and healthy men over age 60),
- no more than three drinks in a day and
- no more than seven drinks in a week.
One standard drink is
- 12 ounces of regular beer, which is usually about 5% alcohol;
- 5 ounces of wine, which is typically about 12% alcohol;
- 1.5 ounces of distilled spirits, which is about 40% alcohol.
To get an even better idea of how many drinks you may be having, here is a list of the number of standard drinks you would get in each of these:
- 12 oz. = 1 standard drink
- 22 oz. = 2 standard drinks
- 16 oz. = 1.3 standard drinks
- 40 oz. = 3.3 standard drinks
- a standard 750-mL (25-oz.) bottle = 5 standard drinks
Malt liquor (approximate number of standard drinks)
- 12 oz. = 1.5 standard drinks
- 22 oz. = 2.5 standard drinks
- 16 oz. = 2 standard drinks
- 40 oz. = 4.5 standard drinks
Going over the guidelines leaves you at risk for health complications and interferes with any possible health benefits you would gain. Moderation is the key here. Binge drinking and heavy drinking both fall into the dangerous category.
- The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) defines binge drinking as drinking five or more alcoholic drinks on the same occasion on at least one day in the past 30 days.
- The National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism defines binge drinking as a pattern of drinking that brings blood alcohol concentration (BAC) levels to 0.08 g/dL. This typically occurs after four drinks for women and five drinks for men -- in about two hours.
SAMHSA defines heavy drinking as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of five or more days in the past 30 days.
The reason that people consume alcohol is clear, but the cost of this consumption is not. Alcohol is toxic to our bodies, and the cost can be irreversible when intake exceeds recommended levels. The damage is not limited to alcoholics, so everyone who consumes alcohol needs to pay attention to how much they are drinking, what they are drinking, and when they are doing so. Continue Reading