Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism Related Diseases & Conditions

Medical conditions are often related to other diseases and conditions. Our doctors have compiled a list of ailments related to the topic of Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism. These conditions may be a cause or symptom of Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism or be a condition for which you may be at increased risk.

  • Low Blood Pressure (Hypotension) Low blood pressure, also referred to as hypotension, is blood pressure that is so low that it causes symptoms or signs due to the...learn more »
  • Liver Disease Liver disease can be cause by a variety of things including infection (hepatitis), diseases such as gallstones, high cholesterol...learn more »
  • Cirrhosis (Liver) Cirrhosis of the liver refers to a disease in which normal liver cells are replaced by scar tissue caused by alcohol and viral...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cirrhosis (Liver) Article
    • Cirrhosis facts
    • What is cirrhosis?
    • Why does cirrhosis cause problems?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of cirrhosis?
    • What are the complications of cirrhosis?
    • What are the common causes of cirrhosis?
    • How is cirrhosis diagnosed and evaluated?
    • How is cirrhosis treated?
    • What is new and in the future for cirrhosis?
  • Pregnancy (Week By Week, Trimesters) There are many symptoms involved in the 1st, 2nd and 3rd trimesters of pregnancy. The first early pregnancy symptom is typically...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pregnancy (Week By Week, Trimesters) Article
    • Pregnancy facts*
    • Introduction
    • What is the first trimester (week 1-week 12)?
    • What is the second trimester (week 13-week 28)?
    • What is the third trimester (week 29-week 40)?
    • How will my baby develop week by week?
    • What are the changes that happen to a woman's body during her 1st, 2nd, and 3rd trimesters of pregnancy?
    • Body aches
    • Breast changes
    • Constipation
    • Dizziness
    • Fatigue, sleep problems
    • Heartburn and indigestion
    • Hemorrhoids during pregnancy
    • Itching
    • Leg cramps
    • Morning sickness
    • Nasal problems
    • Numb or tingling hands
    • Stretch marks, skin changes
    • Swelling
    • Urinary frequency and leaking
    • Varicose veins
  • Rosacea Rosacea is a skin disease that causes redness of the forehead, chin, and lower half of the nose. In addition to inflammation of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Rosacea Article
    • Rosacea facts
    • What is rosacea? Is rosacea contagious?
    • Is rosacea like acne?
    • What are causes and risk factors of rosacea?
    • What are rosacea symptoms and signs?
    • How is rosacea diagnosed?
    • What happens to the nose and the eyes?
    • How is rosacea cured?
    • What about using acne medicine?
    • What is the treatment for rosacea?
    • What should be avoided? What foods are good for rosacea?
    • What natural remedies can help rosacea?
    • Does rosacea get worse with age?
    • How should I care for the skin of my face?
    • How are the telangiectasias (the red lines) treated?
    • How is a rhinophyma (the W.C. Fields nose) treated?
    • What effect may rosacea have on my life?
    • Where can people get more information about rosacea?
  • Pancreatitis Pancreatitis is a rare disease in which the pancreas becomes inflamed, occurring when digestive enzymes are activated and begin...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pancreatitis Article
    • Pancreatitis facts*
    • What is pancreatitis?
    • What are the causes of acute pancreatitis?
    • What are the symptoms of acute pancreatitis?
    • How is acute pancreatitis diagnosed?
    • How is acute pancreatitis treated?
    • What is chronic pancreatitis?
    • What are the symptoms of chronic pancreatitis?
    • How is chronic pancreatitis diagnosed?
    • How is chronic pancreatitis treated?
    • How common is pancreatitis in children?
    • Hope through research
    • For more information about pancreatitis
  • Gallstones Gallstones are stones that form when substances in the bile harden. Gallstones (formed in the gallbladder) can be as small as a...learn more »
    In This Article
    Gallstones Article
    • Gallstones facts
    • What are gallstones?
    • What causes gallstones?
    • Who is at risk for gallstones?
    • What are the symptoms of gallstones?
    • What are the complications of gallstones?
    • What is the relationship of gallbladder sludge to gallstones?
    • How are gallstones diagnosed?
    • What are the potential pitfalls of diagnosing gallstones?
    • How are gallstones treated?
    • Can gallstones be prevented?
    • Can symptoms continue after gallstones are removed?
    • What is new with gallstones?
  • Dizziness Dizziness is a symptom that is often applies to a variety of sensations including lightheadedness and vertigo. Causes of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Dizziness Article
    • Dizziness facts
    • Introduction to dizziness (feeling dizzy)
    • What are some common causes of dizziness?
    • Low blood pressure
    • Postural or orthostatic hypotension
    • High blood pressure
    • Diabetes
    • Endocrine diseases
    • Hyperventilation
    • Heart conditions
    • Vasovagal syncope
    • Dizziness and vertigo
    • What are the symptoms experienced when a person feels dizzy?
    • When should I call the doctor for dizziness?
    • How is dizziness diagnosed?
    • How is dizziness/vertigo diagnosed?
    • How is dizziness treated?
  • Anxiety Anxiety is a feeling of apprehension and fear characterized by physical symptoms. Anxiety disorders are serious medical illnesses...learn more »
    In This Article
    Anxiety Article
    • Generalized anxiety disorder facts
    • What is generalized anxiety disorder (GAD)?
    • What are the different types of anxiety?
    • How common is generalized anxiety disorder?
    • What are causes and risk factors for anxiety?
    • What are anxiety symptoms and signs?
    • How is generalized anxiety disorder diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for anxiety?
    • What are the side effects of anxiety medications?
    • What are complications of generalized anxiety disorder?
    • Is it possible to prevent anxiety?
    • What is the prognosis of generalized anxiety disorder?
    • Are there support groups for those with generalized anxiety disorder?
    • Where can people find additional information on generalized anxiety disorder?
  • Gout (Gouty Arthritis) Buildup of uric acid crystals in a joint causes gouty arthritis. Symptoms and signs include joint pain, swelling, heat, and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Gout (Gouty Arthritis) Article
    • Gout facts
    • What is gout?
    • What causes gout?
    • What are risk factors for gout?
    • What are symptoms and signs of gout?
    • How is gout diagnosed?
    • When should gout be treated?
    • What is the treatment for gout?
    • Do gout medications have any side effects?
    • What foods should people with gout avoid?
    • What complications are associated with gout?
    • What is the prognosis of gout?
    • Is it possible to prevent gout?
    • What research is being done on gout?
  • Ascites Ascites, the accumulation of fluid in the abdominal cavity is most commonly caused by cirrhosis of the liver. Some of the other...learn more »
    In This Article
    Ascites Article
    • Ascites Facts
    • What is ascites?
    • What causes ascites?
    • What are the types of ascites?
    • What are the risk factors for ascites?
    • What are the symptoms of ascites?
    • When should I call my doctor about ascites?
    • How is ascites diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for ascites?
    • What are the complications for ascites?
    • Can ascites be prevented?
    • What is the outlook for ascites?
  • Hepatitis C (HCV, Hep C) Hepatitis C is an inflammation of the liver due to the hepatitis C virus (HCV), which is usually spread by blood transfusion,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hepatitis C (HCV, Hep C) Article
    • Hepatitis C infection (HCV, hep C) facts
    • What is hepatitis C infection?
    • What is the nature (biology) of the hepatitis C virus?
    • How does liver damage occur in hepatitis C infection?
    • How is hepatitis C virus spread, is it contagious, and how can transmission be prevented?
    • What are the symptoms of hepatitis C infection?
    • What conditions outside the liver are associated with hepatitis C infection?
    • What is the usual progression of chronic hepatitis C infection?
    • Who is at high risk and should be tested for hepatitis C infection?
    • What are the diagnostic tests for hepatitis C virus and how are they used to diagnose hepatitis C infection?
    • What is the role of a liver biopsy in the management of chronic hepatitis C infection?
    • What is the treatment for hepatitis C infection?
    • Who should receive antiviral therapy for hepatitis C infection?
    • What are the different patterns of response to antiviral treatment?
    • What are the goals of therapy for hepatitis C infection?
    • What are the therapy options for previously untreated patients with chronic hepatitis C infection?
    • How are relapses and nonresponders treated?
    • Should individuals with acute hepatitis C infection be treated?
    • What are the side effects of treatment for hepatitis C infection?
    • What about liver transplantation for hepatitis C infection?
    • What is the current research and what is in the future for hepatitis C infection?
  • Esophageal Cancer Esophageal cancer is a disease in which malignant cells form in the esophagus. Risk factors of cancer of the esophagus include...learn more »
    In This Article
    Esophageal Cancer Article
    • Esophageal cancer facts*
    • What is the esophagus?
    • What is cancer?
    • What are the types of esophageal cancer?
    • What are esophageal cancer causes and risk factors?
    • What are esophageal cancer symptoms and signs?
    • How is esophageal cancer diagnosed?
    • What are the stages of esophageal cancer?
    • What is the treatment for esophageal cancer?
    • Surgery
    • Radiation therapy
    • Chemotherapy
    • Should people get a second opinion after an esophageal cancer diagnosis?
    • What are the side effects of treatment for cancer of the esophagus?
    • What follow-up care is necessary during recovery?
    • Where can people get support for esophageal cancer?
    • How can people with esophageal cancer participate in clinical trials?
    • Where can people find more information about esophageal cancer?
  • Internal Bleeding Internal bleeding occurs when an artery or vein is damaged and blood to escapes the circulatory system and collects inside the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Internal Bleeding Article
    • Internal bleeding facts
    • What is internal bleeding?
    • What causes internal bleeding?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of internal bleeding?
    • How is internal bleeding diagnosed?
    • How is internal bleeding treated?
    • What are the complications of internal bleeding?
  • Dementia Dementia is a significant loss of intellectual abilities such as memory capacity, severe enough to interfere with social or...learn more »
    In This Article
    Dementia Article
    • Dementia facts*
    • Introduction to dementia
    • What is dementia?
    • What are the different kinds of dementia?
    • Alzheimer's disease
    • Vascular dementia
    • Lewy body dementia
    • Frontotemporal dementia
    • HIV-associated dementia
    • Huntington's disease
    • Dementia pugilistica
    • Corticobasal degeneration
    • Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease
    • Other rare hereditary dementias
    • Secondary dementias
    • Dementias in children
    • What other conditions can cause dementia?
    • What conditions are not dementia?
    • What causes dementia?
    • What are the risk factors for dementia?
    • How is dementia diagnosed?
    • Is there any treatment for dementia?
    • Can dementia be prevented?
    • What kind of care does a person with dementia need?
    • What research is being done?
    • How can I help research?
    • Where can I get more information?
  • Rhabdomyolysis Rhabdomyolysis is a rapid deterioration and destruction of skeletal muscle. Some of the causes of rhabdomyolysis include severe...learn more »
    In This Article
    Rhabdomyolysis Article
    • Rhabdomyolysis facts
    • What is rhabdomyolysis?
    • What causes rhabdomyolysis?
    • What are the symptoms of rhabdomyolysis?
    • What should I do if I think I have rhabdomyolysis?
    • How is rhabdomyolysis diagnosed?
    • What are the complications of rhabdomyolysis?
    • How is rhabdomyolysis treated?
    • What is the prognosis for rhabdomyolysis?
  • Encephalopathy Encephalopathy means brain disease, damage, or malfunction. Causes of encephalopathy are varied and numerous. The main symptom of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Encephalopathy Article
    • Encephalopathy facts
    • Encephalopathy definition and overview
    • What causes encephalopathy?
    • What are the symptoms of encephalopathy?
    • How is encephalopathy diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for encephalopathy?
    • What are the complications of encephalopathy?
    • What is the prognosis (outlook) for encephalopathy?
    • Can encephalopathy be prevented?
    • For more information on types of encephalopathy
  • Cushing's Syndrome Cushing's syndrome, sometimes referred to as hypercortisolism, is a hormonal disorder caused by prolonged exposure to high levels...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cushing's Syndrome Article
    • Cushing's syndrome facts*
    • What is Cushing's syndrome?
    • What are the symptoms of Cushing's syndrome?
    • What causes Cushing's syndrome?
    • How is Cushing's syndrome diagnosed?
    • How is Cushing's syndrome treated?
    • What research is being done on Cushing's syndrome?
    • For more information
  • Liver Cancer Liver cancer is the fifth most common cancer in the world and the majority of patients with liver cancer will die within one year...learn more »
    In This Article
    Liver Cancer Article
    • Liver cancer facts
    • What is liver cancer (hepatocellular carcinoma, HCC)?
    • What is the scope of the liver cancer problem?
    • What are the population characteristics (epidemiology) of liver cancer?
    • What are liver cancer causes and risk factors?
    • What are liver cancer symptoms and signs?
    • How is liver cancer diagnosed?
    • Blood tests
    • Imaging studies
    • Liver biopsy or aspiration
    • What is the natural history of liver cancer?
    • What are the treatment options for liver cancer?
    • Chemotherapy and biotherapy
    • Chemoembolization (trans-arterial chemoembolization or TACE)
    • Radioembolization
    • Ablation techniques
    • Cryoablation
    • Stereotactic radiosurgery
    • Proton beam therapy
    • Surgery
    • Is there a role for routine screening for liver cancer?
    • What is fibrolamellar carcinoma?
    • What's in the future for the prevention and treatment of liver cancer?
  • Fatigue Fatigue can be described in various ways. Sometimes fatigue is described as feeling a lack of energy and motivation (both mental...learn more »
    In This Article
    Fatigue Article
    • Fatigue Facts
    • Fatigue introduction
    • What causes fatigue?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of fatigue?
    • How is the cause of fatigue diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for fatigue?
    • Can fatigue be prevented?
  • Depression Depression is an illness that involves the body, mood, and thoughts and affects the way a person eats and sleeps, the way one...learn more »
    In This Article
    Depression Article
    • Depression facts
    • What is a depressive disorder?
    • What are myths about depression?
    • What are the types of depression, and what are depression symptoms and signs?
    • Depression symptoms and signs in men
    • Depression symptoms and signs in women
    • Depression symptoms and signs in teenagers
    • Depression symptoms and signs in children
    • What are the causes and risk factors of depression?
    • Postpartum depression
    • How is depression diagnosed?
    • What treatments are available for depression?
    • What is the general approach to treating depression?
    • What about sexual dysfunction related to antidepressants?
    • What about discontinuing antidepressants?
    • What are complications of depression?
    • What is the prognosis for depression?
    • How can depression be prevented?
    • What about self-help and home remedies?
    • How can someone help a person who is depressed?
    • Where can one seek help for depression?
    • What is in the future for depression?
    • Where can people find more information about depression?
  • Nausea and Vomiting Nausea is an uneasiness of the stomach that often precedes vomiting. Nausea and vomiting are not diseases, but they are symptoms...learn more »
    In This Article
    Nausea and Vomiting Article
    • Nausea and vomiting facts
    • Introduction to nausea and vomiting
    • What causes nausea or vomiting?
    • Acute gastritis and nausea and vomiting
    • Central causes of nausea and vomiting
    • Nausea and vomiting associated with illness
    • Nausea and vomiting from medications and medical treatments
    • Nausea and vomiting and bowel obstruction
    • Nausea and vomiting in pregnancy (morning sickness)
    • Vomiting in infants
    • What are home remedies for nausea or vomiting?
    • When should I call the doctor regarding nausea and vomiting?
    • How is the source of nausea or vomiting diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for nausea and vomiting?
  • Burning Mouth Syndrome Burning mouth syndrome (BMS) is a condition that causes pain in the mouth. BMS may be caused by menopause, dry mouth or...learn more »
    In This Article
    Burning Mouth Syndrome Article
    • Burning mouth syndrome facts*
    • Burning mouth syndrome introduction
    • What are signs and symptoms of burning mouth syndrome?
    • What are causes of burning mouth syndrome?
    • How is burning mouth syndrome diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for burning mouth syndrome?
    • What are helpful tips for dealing with burning mouth syndrome?
  • Oral Cancer The term oral cancer includes cancer of the mouth (oral cavity) and the back of the mouth (oropharynx). Red and white patches...learn more »
    In This Article
    Oral Cancer Article
    • Oral cancer facts*
    • What is the oral cavity?
    • What is cancer?
    • Who's at risk for oral cancer?
    • What are the symptoms of oral cancer?
    • How is oral cancer diagnosed?
    • How is oral cancer treated?
    • Methods of treatment
    • What are the side effects of treatment for oral cancer?
    • What is rehabilitation for oral cancer?
    • What happens after treatment for oral cancer?
    • What does the future hold for patients with oral cancer?
    • What resources are available to patients with oral cancer?
  • Drug-Induced Liver Disease Drug-induced liver diseases are diseases of the liver that are caused by physician-prescribed medications, OTC medications,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Drug-Induced Liver Disease Article
    • What is drug-induced liver disease?
    • What is the liver?
    • What are the symptoms of liver disease?
    • How do drugs cause liver disease?
    • What types of liver disease do drugs cause?
    • Elevated blood levels of liver enzymes
    • Acute and chronic hepatitis
    • Acute liver failure
    • Cholestasis
    • Steatosis (fatty liver)
    • Cirrhosis
    • Hepatic vein thrombosis
    • How is drug-induced liver disease diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for drug-induced liver disease?
    • What are some important examples of drug-induced liver disease?
  • Osteopenia Osteopenia is a bone condition characterized by bone loss that is not as severe as in osteoporosis. Bone fracture is the typical...learn more »
    In This Article
    Osteopenia Article
    • Osteopenia facts
    • What is osteopenia?
    • What causes osteopenia?
    • What are osteopenia symptoms and signs?
    • Why is osteopenia important?
    • When should I see my doctor for osteopenia?
    • How is osteopenia diagnosed?
    • Who should be tested for osteopenia?
    • What is the treatment for osteopenia?
    • What follow-up is needed after treatment of osteopenia has been initiated?
    • Can osteopenia be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis of osteopenia?
  • Tylenol Liver Damage Tylenol liver damage (acetaminophen) can occur from accidentally ingesting too much acetaminophen, or intentionally....learn more »
    In This Article
    Tylenol Liver Damage Article
    • Acetaminophen (Tylenol) liver damage facts
    • "Is it safe for me to take Tylenol?"
    • Do the recommended doses of Tylenol cause any liver damage?
    • Why should we know that the generic name of Tylenol is acetaminophen?
    • Just how much acetaminophen is safe to take?
    • How is acetaminophen processed (metabolized) in the body?
    • How does an overdose of acetaminophen cause liver injury?
    • Is overdose with acetaminophen usually accidental or intentional?
    • How can accidental overdose be avoided in adults?
    • How can overdose be avoided in children?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of acetaminophen-induced liver damage?
    • What should be done if acetaminophen toxicity is suspected?
  • Stress Stress occurs when forces from the outside world impinge on the individual. Stress is a normal part of life. However,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Stress Article
    • Stress facts
    • What is stress?
    • A brief history of stress
    • What are the signs and symptoms of poorly managed stress?
    • Who is most vulnerable to stress?
    • Teen stress
    • What is the healthy response to stress?
    • How does the response to stress work?
    • What is the role of the hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis (grouping) in stress?
    • What is the role of the locus coeruleus in stress?
    • How do the connections in the brain work in stress?
    • What do we know about using (activating) and overusing our internal systems that respond to stress?
    • What are the effects of stress on medical and psychological conditions?
    • Conclusions about the effects of stress
    • What can people do for stress management?
    • What's in the future for stress?
  • Male Breast Cancer Male breast cancer accounts for 1% of all breast cancers, and most cases are found in men between the ages of 60 and 70. A man's...learn more »
    In This Article
    Male Breast Cancer Article
    • Male breast cancer facts
    • What is male breast cancer?
    • How common is male breast cancer?
    • What are causes and risk factors of male breast cancer?
    • What are the different types of male breast cancer?
    • What are male breast cancer symptoms and signs?
    • How is male breast cancer diagnosed?
    • What is staging of male breast cancer?
    • What is the treatment for male breast cancer?
    • What is the outcome (prognosis) of male breast cancer?
  • Date Rape Drugs Date rape drugs such as GHB, rohypnol, and ketamine are sometimes used to assist in a sexual assault. Symptoms and signs of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Date Rape Drugs Article
    • Date rape drugs facts*
    • What are date rape drugs?
    • What do the drugs look like?
    • What effects do these drugs have on the body?
    • Are these drugs legal in the United States?
    • Is alcohol a date rape drug? What about other drugs?
    • How can I protect myself from being a victim?
    • Are there ways to tell if I might have been drugged and raped?
    • What should I do if I think I've been drugged and raped?
  • Pancreatic Cysts Pancreatic cysts are collections of fluid within the pancreas. Some are benign, malignant, or pseudocysts. There are two major...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pancreatic Cysts Article
    • What is the pancreas?
    • What are pancreatic cysts?
    • What are the symptoms of pancreatic cysts?
    • What are the causes of pancreatic cysts?
    • Pseudocysts
    • True cysts
    • How are pancreatic cysts diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for pancreatic cysts?
  • Bipolar Disorder Bipolar disorder (or manic depression) is a mental illness characterized by depression, mania, and severe mood swings. Treatment...learn more »
    In This Article
    Bipolar Disorder Article
    • Bipolar disorder facts
    • What is bipolar disorder?
    • What is the history of bipolar disorder?
    • What are the types of bipolar disorder?
    • What are bipolar disorder causes and risk factors?
    • What are bipolar disorder symptoms and signs in adults, teenagers, and children?
    • How is bipolar disorder diagnosed?
    • What illnesses often coexist with bipolar disorder?
    • What are bipolar disorder medications and other treatments? Are there any home remedies or alternative treatments for bipolar disorder?
    • How is bipolar disorder treated during pregnancy and the postpartum period?
    • What are complications and prognosis/effects over time of bipolar disorder?
    • Can bipolar disorder be prevented?
    • Where can people find more information about bipolar disorder?
    • Where can people find support to help them cope with bipolar disorder?
  • Stroke A stroke is an interruption of the blood supply to part of the brain caused by either a blood clot (ischemic) or bleeding...learn more »
    In This Article
    Stroke Article
    • Stroke facts
    • What is a stroke?
    • What are the different types of stroke?
    • What are the warning signs of a stroke?
    • What are the symptoms of a stroke?
    • How is a stroke diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for stroke?
    • What is the prognosis for stroke?
    • Is recovery after a stroke possible?
    • What is stroke rehabilitation?
    • Can strokes be prevented?
  • Cataracts A cataract is an eye disease that causes the eye's lens to become cloudy and opaque with decreased vision. Causes of cataracts...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cataracts Article
    • Facts about cataracts
    • What is a cataract?
    • What are the different types of cataracts?
    • What are causes of cataracts?
    • What are risk factors for cataracts?
    • What are the symptoms of cataracts?
    • What are the signs of cataracts?
    • How are cataracts diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for cataracts?
    • What are the different types of cataract surgery, and what risks are involved?
    • What are complications of cataracts?
    • What is the prognosis of cataracts?
    • Can cataracts be prevented?
    • Where can people get more information on cataracts?
  • Head and Neck Cancer Head and neck cancer is cancer of the oral cavity, salivary glands, paranasal sinuses and nasal cavity, pharynx, larynx, or lymph...learn more »
    In This Article
    Head and Neck Cancer Article
    • Head and neck cancer facts*
    • What is cancer?
    • What kinds of cancers are considered cancers of the head and neck?
    • How common are head and neck cancers?
    • What causes head and neck cancers?
    • What are common symptoms of head and neck cancers?
    • How are head and neck cancers diagnosed?
    • What health professionals treat patients with head and neck cancers?
    • How are head and neck cancers treated?
    • Are clinical trials (research studies) available for patients with head and neck cancers?
    • What rehabilitation or support options are available for patients with head and neck cancers?
    • Is follow-up treatment necessary? What does it involve?
    • What can people who have had head and neck cancer do to reduce the risk of developing a second primary (new) cancer?
  • Septic Arthritis Septic arthritis, or infectious arthritis, is infection of one or more joints by bacteria, viruses, or fungi. Symptoms and signs...learn more »
    In This Article
    Septic Arthritis Article
    • Septic arthritis facts
    • What is septic arthritis?
    • What microbes cause septic arthritis?
    • Who is at risk of developing septic arthritis?
    • What are symptoms and signs of septic arthritis?
    • How do physicians diagnose septic arthritis?
    • How is septic arthritis treated?
    • What are complications of septic arthritis?
    • What is the prognosis of septic arthritis?
    • Is it possible to prevent septic arthritis?
  • Drug Abuse Drug addiction is a chronic disease that causes drug-seeking behavior and drug use despite negative consequences to the user and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Drug Abuse Article
    • Drug abuse and addiction facts
    • What is drug abuse?
    • What is drug addiction?
    • What types of drugs are commonly abused?
    • What are the physical and psychological effects of drug abuse and addiction?
    • What are causes and risk factors for drug abuse and addiction?
    • What are symptoms and signs of drug abuse and addiction?
    • What happens to your brain when you take drugs?
    • How is drug addiction diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for drug addiction?
    • What are complications of drug addiction?
    • What is the prognosis of drug addiction?
    • Can drug abuse and addiction be prevented?
    • Where can people get help for drug abuse or addiction?
  • Schizophrenia Schizophrenia is a disabling brain disorder that may cause hallucinations and delusions and affect a person's ability to...learn more »
    In This Article
    Schizophrenia Article
    • Schizophrenia facts
    • What is schizophrenia?
    • What are the different types of schizophrenia?
    • How common is schizophrenia in children?
    • What is the history of schizophrenia?
    • What are causes of schizophrenia? Is it hereditary?
    • What are schizophrenia symptoms and signs?
    • How is schizophrenia diagnosed?
    • What are treatments for schizophrenia and the side effects of those treatments?
    • What is the prognosis for schizophrenia?
    • What research is being done on schizophrenia?
    • Where can people get more information about schizophrenia?
  • Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), a psychiatric condition, can develop after any catastrophic life event. Symptoms include...learn more »
    In This Article
    Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Article
    • PTSD facts
    • What is posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)?
    • What are the effects of PTSD?
    • What causes PTSD?
    • What are PTSD risk factors and protective factors?
    • What are PTSD symptoms and signs?
    • How is PTSD assessed?
    • What is the treatment for PTSD?
    • What is the prognosis for PTSD?
    • Is it possible to prevent PTSD?
    • How can people cope with PTSD?
    • Where can people get help for PTSD?
  • Dupuytren's Contracture Dupuytren contracture is a localized formation of scar tissue beneath the skin of the palm of the hand. The scarring accumulates...learn more »
    In This Article
    Dupuytren's Contracture Article
    • Dupuytren's contracture facts
    • What is a Dupuytren's contracture?
    • How fast does a Dupuytren's contracture develop?
    • What are the causes and risk factors of a Dupuytren's contracture?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of a Dupuytren's contracture?
    • Is a Dupuytren's contracture limited to the hands?
    • How is a Dupuytren's contracture diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for a Dupuytren's contracture?
    • What are complications of Dupuytren's contractures?
    • Can a Dupuytren's contracture be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis (outlook) for Dupuytren's contracture?
  • Facial Nerve Problems and Bell's Palsy (Bell Palsy) Facial nerve disorders affect the muscles of the face. There are many causes of facial nerve disorders including trauma, nervous...learn more »
    In This Article
    Facial Nerve Problems and Bell's Palsy (Bell Palsy) Article
    • Facial nerve problems and Bell's palsy facts
    • What is the facial nerve?
    • What are symptoms of a facial nerve problem?
    • What conditions affect the facial nerve?
    • How are the causes of facial nerve dysfunction diagnosed?
    • What is and what causes Bell's palsy?
    • What are the symptoms of Bell's palsy?
    • What is the mechanism of injury in Bell's palsy?
    • What are treatment options of facial nerve paralysis?
    • What is the treatment for eye problems from facial nerve disorder?
    • What surgical reconstruction options are available?
    • What is the prognosis for facial nerve problems?
    • Can facial nerve problems be prevented?
  • Liver (Anatomy and Function) The liver is the largest gland and organ in the body. There are a variety of liver diseases caused by liver inflammation,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Liver (Anatomy and Function) Article
    • What is the liver? Is it a gland or an organ?
    • What is the functional purpose of the liver?
    • What does the liver look like, and where is it located in the body?
    • What diseases affect the liver?
    • Fatty liver disease
    • Cirrhosis
    • Infections
    • Hepatitis
    • Medications
    • Toxins
    • Genetic disorders
    • Cancer
    • Abnormalities of bile flow from the liver
    • Decrease in blood flow draining from the liver
    • What are symptoms of diseases of the liver?
    • How is an examination of the liver performed?
    • What is a liver biopsy?
    • Can diseases of the liver be prevented?
  • High Blood Pressure Treatment High blood pressure (hypertension) means high pressure (tension) in the arteries. Treatment for high blood pressure include...learn more »
    In This Article
    High Blood Pressure Treatment Article
    • What is high blood pressure (hypertension)?
    • Which lifestyle modifications are beneficial in treating high blood pressure?
    • Alcohol
    • Smoking
    • Coffee and caffeinated beverages
    • Salt
    • Other dietary considerations
    • Obesity
    • Exercise and stress reduction
    • How is high blood pressure treated?
    • Starting treatment for high blood pressure
    • Treatment with combinations of drugs for high blood pressure
    • Emergency treatment for high blood pressure
    • Treatment during pregnancy
    • Which medications are used to treat high blood pressure
    • Angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors (ACE inhibitors) and angiotensin receptor blockers
    • Beta blockers
    • Diuretics
    • Calcium channel blockers (CCBs)
    • Alpha blockers
    • Clonidine
    • Minoxidil
    • Renin inhibitors
    • Aldosterone blockers
    • Combining agents
    • What about the patient's compliance with medication regimens?
    • Is alternative medicine used to treat high blood pressure?
    • What are the complications of high blood pressure?
    • Can high blood pressure be prevented?
    • What's new in high blood pressure?
  • Borderline Personality Disorder Borderline personality disorder is a serious mental illness characterized by pervasive instability in moods, interpersonal...learn more »
    In This Article
    Borderline Personality Disorder Article
    • Borderline personality disorder facts
    • What is borderline personality disorder (BPD)?
    • What other disorders often occur with BPD?
    • What causes borderline personality disorder?
    • What are the risk factors for borderline personality disorder?
    • What are borderline personality disorder symptoms and signs?
    • How is borderline personality disorder diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for borderline personality disorder?
    • What are borderline personality disorder complications?
    • What is the prognosis of people with borderline personality disorder?
    • How can borderline personality disorder be prevented?
    • Where can I get more information on borderline personality disorder?
  • Microcephaly Microcephaly is a genetic condition where the circumference of the head is smaller than normal due to underdeveloped brain....learn more »
    In This Article
    Microcephaly Article
    • Microcephaly facts*
    • What is microcephaly?
    • What causes microcephaly?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of microcephaly?
    • Is there any treatment for microcephaly?
    • What is the prognosis for microcephaly?
    • What research is being done on microcephaly?
    • For more information
  • Paroxysmal Supraventricular Tachycardia (PSVT) Paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia (PSVT) is an abnormal conduction of electricity in particular areas of the heart. PSVT...learn more »
    In This Article
    Paroxysmal Supraventricular Tachycardia (PSVT) Article
    • What is paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia (PSVT)?
    • What are the symptoms of paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia (PSVT)?
    • How is paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia (PSVT) diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia (PSVT)?
    • How can paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia (PSVT) be prevented?
  • Dysthymia Dysthymia is a less severe form of chronic depression. Symptoms and signs include insomnia, suicidal thoughts, guilt, empty...learn more »
    In This Article
    Dysthymia Article
    • Dysthymia facts
    • What is dysthymia?
    • What are causes and risk factors for dysthymia?
    • What are symptoms and signs of dysthymia?
    • How do health-care professionals diagnose dysthymia?
    • What is the treatment for dysthymia?
    • What is the prognosis of dysthymia?
    • Is it possible to prevent dysthymia?
    • Are there support groups for people with dysthymia?
  • Healthy Living and Disease Prevention The importance of a healthy lifestyle in disease prevention is widely understood and most people know that lifestyle changes and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Healthy Living and Disease Prevention Article
    • Healthy living facts
    • Eating (diet)
    • Physical activity and exercise
    • Avoid tobacco use
    • Avoid excessive alcohol consumption
    • Avoid high-risk sexual behaviors
    • Avoid other high-risk behaviors
    • Additional tips for healthy living
  • Agoraphobia Agoraphobia is a fear of being outside or of being in a situation from which escape would be impossible. Symptoms include...learn more »
    In This Article
    Agoraphobia Article
    • Agoraphobia facts
    • What is agoraphobia?
    • What causes agoraphobia?
    • What are the symptoms of agoraphobia?
    • What are the risk factors for agoraphobia?
    • When should one seek medical care for agoraphobia?
    • How do physicians diagnose agoraphobia?
    • What is the treatment for agoraphobia?
    • What are the complications of agoraphobia?
    • What is the prognosis for agoraphobia?
    • Is it possible to prevent agoraphobia?
    • Is there coping and support information for both agoraphobia patients and their family members and loved ones?
  • Teen Drug Abuse Drugs commonly abused by teens include tobacco products, marijuana, cold medications, inhalants, depressants, stimulants,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Teen Drug Abuse Article
    • Teen drug abuse facts
    • What drugs are abused by teenagers?
    • What are some adolescent drug use statistics?
    • What are the dangerous effects of drug use in teens?
    • How can parents prevent drug use?
    • What are the symptoms and warning signs of drug abuse?
    • What is drug abuse?
    • What are the causes and risk factors of teen drug use?
    • What are the symptoms of drug abuse in teens?
    • What is the treatment of drug intoxication?
    • What are treatments for drug addiction?
    • Where can a person get help for teen drug abuse?
  • Narcissistic Personality Disorder Narcissistic personality disorder (NPD) is a dramatic personality disorder that is characterized by a distorted self-image,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Narcissistic Personality Disorder Article
    • Narcissistic personality disorder facts
    • What is narcissistic personality disorder?
    • What are causes and risk factors for narcissistic personality disorder?
    • What are narcissistic personality disorder symptoms and signs?
    • How is narcissistic personality disorder diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for narcissistic personality disorder?
    • What is the prognosis of narcissistic personality disorder?
    • Is it possible to prevent narcissistic personality disorder?
    • Are there support groups for people with narcissistic personality disorder?
  • Birth Defects Birth defects have many causes and currently, are the leading cause of death for infants in the first year of life. Some of the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Birth Defects Article
    • Birth defects facts*
    • What are birth defects?
    • What causes birth defects?
    • What are the different types of birth defects?
    • What are the treatments for birth defects?
  • Mental Illness Mental illness is any disease or condition affecting the brain that influence the way a person thinks, feels, behaves, and/or...learn more »
    In This Article
    Mental Illness Article
    • What causes mental illness?
    • Can mental illness be prevented?
    • How common is mental illness?
    • How is mental illness treated?
    • What is the prognosis for people with mental illness?
  • Neuropathic Pain Neuropathic pain is a chronic condition that leads to ongoing pain symptoms. Diabetes, cancer, stroke, HIV, vitamin deficiencies,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Neuropathic Pain Article
    • What is neuropathic pain?
    • What are the risk factors for neuropathic pain?
    • What causes neuropathic pain?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of neuropathic pain?
    • How is neuropathic pain diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for neuropathic pain?
    • What is the prognosis for neuropathic pain?
    • Can neuropathic pain be prevented?
  • Sexual Problems (Sex) in Women Sexual dysfunction refers to a problem that arises during any phase of the sexual response cycle, preventing an individual or...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sexual Problems (Sex) in Women Article
    • What causes female sexual problems?
    • Who is affected by sexual problems?
    • How do sexual problems affect women?
    • How is a female sexual problem diagnosed?
    • How are female sexual problems treated?
    • Can female sexual problems be cured?
    • How do hormones affect sexual function?
    • What effect does a hysterectomy have on sexual function?
    • How does menopause affect a woman's sexual function?
    • When should I call my doctor about sexual problems?
  • Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism Second Source article from Government...learn more »
  • Antisocial Personality Disorder Antisocial personality disorder (ASPD) has many symptoms, signs, and causes. Therapy is one treatment option for antisocial...learn more »
    In This Article
    Antisocial Personality Disorder Article
    • Antisocial personality disorder (ASPD) facts
    • What are antisocial personality disorder symptoms and signs?
    • What is the difference between antisocial personality disorder and psychopathy?
    • What are causes and risk factors of antisocial personality disorder?
    • How is antisocial personality disorder diagnosed?
    • What are the treatments for antisocial personality disorder?
    • What happens if antisocial personality disorder is not treated? What is the prognosis of antisocial personality disorder?
  • Mental Health Mental health is an optimal way of thinking, relating to others, and feeling. All of the diagnosable mental disorders fall under...learn more »
    In This Article
    Mental Health Article
    • Mental health and mental illness facts
    • What is mental health?
    • What is mental illness?
    • What are common types of mental illness?
    • What are the causes and risk factors for mental illness?
    • What are symptoms and signs of mental illness?
    • How is mental illness diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for a mental health problem?
    • Can mental health disorders be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis for mental health problems?
    • Where can people get support for mental health disorders?
    • Where can people get more information about mental illnesses?
  • Alcohol and Teens Alcohol is the most frequently used drug by American teenagers. Teens that drink are more likely to drive under the influence,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Alcohol and Teens Article
    • Alcohol and teens facts
    • How much alcohol do teens use?
    • What are the dangerous effects of alcohol use in teens?
    • How can parents prevent alcohol use?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of alcohol intoxication?
    • What is alcoholism?
    • What are the causes and risk factors of teen alcoholism?
    • What are the symptoms of alcohol abuse in teens?
    • What is the treatment for alcohol intoxication?
    • What is alcohol poisoning?
    • What is the treatment for alcoholism?
    • What is the prognosis for alcoholism?
    • How can a teen get help for an alcohol problem?
  • Porphyria Porphyria is a group of disorders that affect the nervous system, skin, or both. Porphyria is often an inherited condition that...learn more »
    In This Article
    Porphyria Article
    • Porphyria facts*
    • What is porphyria?
    • What are the types of porphyria?
    • What causes porphyria?
    • What are the symptoms of porphyria?
    • How is porphyria diagnosed?
    • How is porphyria treated?
  • Liver Cancer Liver cancer is cancer of the liver cells (hepatocellular carcinoma) or of the ducts in the liver (cholangiocarcinoma). Liver...learn more »
    In This Article
    Liver Cancer Article
    • What is liver cancer?
    • What is metastatic liver cancer?
    • What causes liver cancer?
    • What are the risk factors for liver cancer?
    • What are liver cancer symptoms and signs?
    • How is liver cancer diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for liver cancer?
    • What is the follow up after treatment for liver cancer?
    • What is the prognosis of liver cancer?
    • Are there alternative and complementary therapies for liver cancer?
    • Can liver cancer be prevented?
  • Cleft Palate and Cleft Lip Cleft palate and cleft lip are facial and oral defects that occur early in pregnancy. A cleft lip is a split of the two sides of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cleft Palate and Cleft Lip Article
    • Cleft lip and cleft palate facts
    • What is a cleft lip? What is a cleft palate?
    • How often do cleft lip and cleft palate occur?
    • What are the causes and risk factors for developing a cleft lip and cleft palate?
    • How do physicians diagnose a cleft lip and cleft palate?
    • What are complications of a cleft lip and cleft palate?
    • What is the treatment for a cleft lip and cleft palate?
    • What is the prognosis for a cleft lip and cleft palate?
    • Is it possible to prevent a cleft lip or cleft palate?
  • Hypersomnia Hypersomnia is a condition where a person has excessive daytime sleepiness and trouble staying awake during the day. Treatment...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hypersomnia Article
    • Introduction to hypersomnia
    • What causes hypersomnia?
    • How is hypersomnia diagnosed?
    • How is hypersomnia treated?
  • Cardiomyopathy (Dilated) Dilated Cardiomyopathy is a condition where the heart's ability to pump blood is decreased because the heart's main pumping...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cardiomyopathy (Dilated) Article
    • What Is dilated cardiomyopathy?
    • What are the symptoms of Dilated Cardiomyopathy?
    • What causes Dilated Cardiomyopathy?
    • How is Dilated Cardiomyopathy diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for Dilated Cardiomyopathy?
    • What surgeries are used to treat Dilated Cardiomyopathy?
  • Domestic Violence Domestic violence, or intimate partner abuse, is when one person in an intimate relationship uses any means to control the other...learn more »
    In This Article
    Domestic Violence Article
    • Domestic violence facts
    • What is domestic violence?
    • What is the history of domestic violence?
    • What are the effects of domestic abuse?
    • What are the causes or risk factors for intimate partner violence?
    • What are the warning signs and symptoms of intimate partner abuse?
    • How is domestic violence assessed?
    • How is intimate partner violence treated?
    • How is intimate partner abuse legally addressed?
    • What is the prognosis for domestic violence?
    • How can intimate partner abuse be prevented and stopped?
    • Where can people get help for domestic violence?
  • Binge Eating Disorder Characteristics of binge eating disorder include eating more quickly than usual, eating until uncomfortably full, eating a lot of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Binge Eating Disorder Article
    • Binge eating disorder facts
    • What is binge eating disorder?
    • What are causes and risk factors for binge eating disorder?
    • What are symptoms and signs of binge eating disorder?
    • How is binge eating disorder diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for binge eating disorder?
    • What are complications and prognosis of binge eating disorder?
    • Can binge eating disorder be prevented?
    • Where can people get more information on binge eating disorder?
  • Phobias Phobias are unrelenting fears of activities (social phobias), situations (agoraphobia), and specific items (arachnophobia). There...learn more »
    In This Article
    Phobias Article
    • Phobia facts
    • What is a phobia? What are the different kinds of phobias?
    • What are the complications of phobias?
    • What are the causes and risk factors for phobias?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of phobias?
    • How are phobias assessed?
    • How are phobias treated?
    • What is the prognosis for phobias?
    • How are phobias prevented?
    • How can people cope with phobias?
    • Where can people get information and help for phobias?
  • Problem Sleepiness When sleepiness interferes with daily routines and activities, or reduces the ability to function, it is called "problem...learn more »
    In This Article
    Problem Sleepiness Article
    • Problem sleepiness facts*
    • What is problem sleepiness?
    • What are the symptoms of problem sleepiness?
    • What causes problem sleepiness?
    • Sleep-wake cycle
    • Inadequate sleep
    • Sleep disorders
    • Medical conditions/drugs
    • Problem sleepiness and adolescents
    • Shift work and problem sleepiness
    • What treatments and remedies can help for problem sleepiness?
  • Depression Depression is a mental illness that affects 19 million Americans annually. Causes are genetic, environmental, and biological....learn more »
    In This Article
    Depression Article
    • Types of Depression
    • Depression Facts/Statistics
    • Causes of Depression
    • Symptoms and Signs of Depression
    • When to Seek Medical Care
    • Depression Diagnosis
    • Depression Treatment
    • Self-Care at Home
    • Medical Treatment
    • Depression Medications
    • Other Therapy for Depression
    • Alternative Treatments, Complementary Therapies, and Electroconvulsive Therapy
    • Follow-up
    • Depression Prevention
    • Depression Prognosis
    • Getting Help: Support Groups and Counseling
    • For More Information
  • Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) Consuming alcohol during pregnancy may cause fetal alcohol syndrome, a group of conditions associated with mental, growth, and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) Article
    • Fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) facts
    • What is fetal alcohol syndrome?
    • What causes fetal alcohol syndrome?
    • What are risk factors for fetal alcohol syndrome?
    • What are symptoms and signs of fetal alcohol syndrome?
    • How do physicians diagnose fetal alcohol syndrome?
    • What is the treatment for fetal alcohol syndrome?
    • What are the complications and long-term effects of fetal alcohol syndrome?
    • What is the prognosis of fetal alcohol syndrome?
    • Is it possible to prevent fetal alcohol syndrome?
    • Is it safe to consume alcohol and breastfeed?
    • Where can people find more information about fetal alcohol syndrome?
  • Factitious Disorders Factitious disorders are conditions in which people pretend to have physical or mental illnesses when they aren't sick. These...learn more »
    In This Article
    Factitious Disorders Article
    • Types of factitious disorders
    • What are the symptoms of factitious disorders?
    • What causes factitious disorders?
    • How common are factitious disorders?
    • How are factitious disorders diagnosed?
    • How are factitious disorders treated?
    • What is the prognosis for people with factitious disorders?
    • Can factitious disorders be prevented?
  • 13 Tips for Parenting a Teen With ADHD Parenting a teenager who has attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) can be challenging. Parents can use specific...learn more »
    In This Article
    13 Tips for Parenting a Teen With ADHD Article
    • Introduction to parenting teens
    • 13 tips for dealing with your ADHD teen
    • ADHD teens and driving
    • ADHD teens, school, and homework
    • ADHD teens, alcohol, and drugs
    • Alcohol use by children
  • Teens Teenagers recognize that they are developmentally between child and adult. Teen health prevention includes maintaining a healthy...learn more »
    In This Article
    Teens Article
    • What's involved with teen disease prevention?
    • What can teens expect during health checkups?
    • What immunizations do teenagers need?
  • Breast Cancer Prevention Lifestyle changes, a healthy antioxidant-rich diet, exercise, and weight reduction can help reduce a woman's risk of developing...learn more »
    In This Article
    Breast Cancer Prevention Article
    • Introduction to breast cancer prevention
    • What are the biological causes of breast cancer?
    • What are the risk factors for developing breast cancer?
    • What is the importance of early breast cancer detection?
    • What are the advantages and limitations of mammography?
    • How frequently should women undergo mammography and breast examinations?
    • What is the risk of radiation with repeated mammography screening over the years?
    • Are there any controversies in the area of breast cancer screening?
    • How helpful are BRCA1 and BRCA2 genetic tests in identifying women at risk?
    • What is the link between estrogen and breast cancer?
    • What are breast cancer prevention treatments?
    • Are there other breast cancer prevention measures?
    • Conclusion
  • Holiday Depression and Stress Though the holidays are a fun time for most, for others, they're a sad, lonely and anxiety-filled time. Get tips on how to avoid...learn more »
    In This Article
    Holiday Depression and Stress Article
    • Holiday depression and stress facts
    • What causes the holiday blues?
    • Is the environment and reduced daylight a factor in wintertime sadness?
    • What are symptoms and signs of holiday depression and stress?
    • How is holiday stress and depression diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for holiday depression and stress?
    • Can holiday stress and depression be prevented?
  • Shaken Baby Syndrome (Abusive Head Trauma) Shaken baby syndrome, or abusive head trauma, are the symptoms and signs that result from the violent shaking of an infant. These...learn more »
    In This Article
    Shaken Baby Syndrome (Abusive Head Trauma) Article
    • Shaken baby syndrome facts
    • What is shaken baby syndrome?
    • What causes shaken baby syndrome?
    • What are the risk factors for shaken baby syndrome?
    • What are shaken baby syndrome symptoms and signs?
    • How do physicians diagnose shaken baby syndrome?
    • What is the treatment for shaken baby syndrome?
    • What are complications and long-term effects of shaken baby syndrome?
    • What is the prognosis of shaken baby syndrome?
    • Is it possible to prevent shaken baby syndrome?
    • What can caregivers or parents do to calm a crying baby?
  • Club Drugs Ecstasy (MDMA), Rohypnol, ketamine and GHB are a few of the different types of drugs abused at bars, raves and parties. Rohypnol...learn more »
    In This Article
    Club Drugs Article
    • How are club drugs abused?
    • How do club drugs affect the body?
    • Are club drugs addictive?
    • What other adverse effects do club drugs have on health?
    • What treatment options exist for those who abuse or are dependent upon club drugs?
    • How widespread is club drug abuse?
    • Where can people find more information about club drugs?
  • Pregnancy and Drugs (Prescription and OTC) Taking prescription medications or over-the-counter drugs or supplements should be discussed with your doctor. There are some...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pregnancy and Drugs (Prescription and OTC) Article
    • Is it safe to use medicine while I am pregnant?
    • How should I decide whether to use a medicine while I am pregnant?
    • Where do doctors and nurses find out about using medicines during pregnancy?
    • How do prescription and over-the-counter (OTC) medicine labels help my doctor choose the right medicine for me when I am pregnant?
    • What if I'm thinking about getting pregnant?
    • Is it safe to use medicine while I am trying to become pregnant?
    • What if I get sick and need to use medicine while I am pregnant?
    • I have a health problem. Should I stop using my medicine while I am pregnant?
    • Are vitamins safe for me while I am pregnant?
    • Are herbal remedies or natural products safe for me when I am pregnant?
    • In the future, will there be better ways to know if medicines are safe to use during pregnancy?
    • For more information
  • Estimating Breast Cancer Risk: Questions and Answers As breast cancer is the most diagnosed non-skin cancer in American women, it is important to know your breast cancer risk. Risk...learn more »
    In This Article
    Estimating Breast Cancer Risk: Questions and Answers Article
    • Who develops breast cancer?
    • What is the Breast Cancer Risk Assessment Tool?
    • What are the risk factors used to estimate breast cancer risk in the Breast Cancer Risk Assessment Tool?
    • Why are some other risk factors left out of the Tool?
    • Is the Breast Cancer Risk Assessment Tool useful for all women?
    • What are some of the latest research findings on breast cancer risk?
    • Are there ways to decrease the chance of developing breast cancer?
    • How did BCPT and STAR use the Breast Cancer Risk Assessment Tool to add to our knowledge of breast cancer risk?
    • What else can a woman do about breast cancer?
  • Pain Management: Neuropathic Pain Neuropathic pain is chronic pain resulting from injury to the nervous system. The injury can be to the central nervous system...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pain Management: Neuropathic Pain Article
    • Introduction to neuropathic pain
    • What causes neuropathic pain?
    • What are the symptoms of neuropathic pain?
    • How is neuropathic pain diagnosed?
    • How is neuropathic pain treated?
  • Juvenile Bone Health Setting a good example for your children when it comes to diet and exercise will help them to make healthy decisions about...learn more »
    In This Article
    Juvenile Bone Health Article
    • Why is childhood such an important time for bone development?
    • What is osteoporosis? Isn't it something old people get?
    • How can I help keep my kids' bones healthy?
    • How can I persuade my daughter to drink milk instead of diet soda? She thinks milk will make her fat.
    • But my kids don't like milk.
    • My teenage son loves milk, but it seems to upset his stomach. Could he have lactose intolerance?
    • My daughter is constantly dieting. Should I be concerned?
    • Should I give my kids calcium supplements?
    • How does physical activity help my kids' bones?
    • Is it possible to get too much exercise?
    • What else can my kids do besides eating calcium-rich foods and getting plenty of weight-bearing exercise to keep their bones healthy?
    • My son has asthma and takes a steroid medication to control it. His doctor said this might affect his bones. Is there anything we can do about this?
    • My 8-year-old son is a daredevil and has already broken several bones. could he have a problem like osteoporosis at this young age?
    • How can I get through to my kids? They sure don't think about their bones.
    • Where can I go for more information?