Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (cont.)

Medical Author:
Medical Editor:

What is the prognosis of alcohol use disorder?

With treatment, about 70% of people with alcoholism are able to decrease the number of days they consume alcohol and improve their overall health status within six months. On the other hand, most individuals who have been treated for a moderate to severe alcohol-use disorder have relapsed at least once during the first year after treatment. Those individuals seem to drink less often and lower amounts after receiving treatment compared with before treatment.

REFERENCES:

American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. "Facts for Families." 2010.

American Psychiatric Association. "Treatment of Alcohol-Related Disorders." Practice Guideline for the Treatment of Patients with Substance Use Disorders, 2nd Edition. Arlington, Virginia: American Psychiatric Association, 2006.

American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition. Washington, D.C.: American Psychiatric Publishing, 2013.

Barclay, G.A., J. Barbour, S. Stewart, C.P. Day, and E. Gilvarry. "Adverse Physical Effects of Alcohol Abuse." Advances in Psychiatric Treatment 14 (2008): 139-151.

Blazer, D.G., and L.T. Wu. "The Epidemiology of At-Risk and Binge Drinking Among Middle-Aged and Elderly Community Adults National Survey on Drug Use and Health." American Journal of Psychiatry 166.10 Oct. 2009: 1162-1169.

Bloomfield, K., T. Stockwell, G. Gmel, and N. Rehn. "International Comparisons of Alcohol Consumption." National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism. Dec. 2003.

British Medical Association. "Alcohol and Young People." Health 5.6 2002.

Bucknam, W. "Suppression of Symptoms of Alcohol Dependence and Craving Using High-Dose Baclofen." Alcohol and Alcoholism 42.2 (2007): 158-160.

Bukstein, O.G., W. Bernet, V. Arnold, et al. "Practice Parameter for the Assessment and Treatment of Children and Adolescents With Substance Use Disorders." Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 44.6 (2005): 609-621.

Deas, D. "Evidence-Based Treatments for Alcohol Use Disorders in Adolescents." Pediatrics 121 Apr. 2008: S348-S354.

DeWit, D.J., E.M. Adlaf, D.R. Offord, and A.C. Ogborne. "Age at First Alcohol Use: A Risk Factor for the Development of Alcohol Disorders." American Journal of Psychiatry 157 (2000): 745-750.

Dooley, David, and Prause, Joann. "Predictors of Early Alcohol Drinking Onset." Journal of Child and Adolescent Substance Abuse 16.2 (2006).

Dryden-Edwards, R., and L. Combrinck-Graham, eds. Developmental Disabilities from Childhood to Adulthood: What Works for Psychiatrists in Community and Institutional Settings. Baltimore, Maryland: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2010.

Elkins, I.J., M. McGue, S. Malone, and W.G. Iacono. "The Effect of Parental Alcohol and Drug Disorders on Adolescent Personality." American Journal of Psychiatry (161) Apr. 2004: 670-676.

Friedlander, A.H., S.R. Marder, J.R. Pisegna, and J.A. Yagiela. "Alcohol Abuse and Dependence: Psychopathology, Medical Management and Dental Implications." Journal of the American Dental Association 134.6 (2003): 731-740.

Gilchrist, G., K. Hegarty, P. Chondros, H. Herrman, and J. Gunn. "The Association Between Intimate Partner Violence, Alcohol and Depression in Family Practice." BMC Family Practice 11 (2010): 72.

Gruenemay, J. "Do You Have a Drinking Problem?" LifeScript Nov. 30, 2007.

Leggio, L. "Understanding and Treating Alcohol Craving and Dependence: Recent Pharmacological and Neuroendocrinological Findings." Alcohol and Alcoholism 44.4 (2009): 341-352.

MacMillan, H.L., J.E. Fleming, D.L. Streiner, et al. "Childhood Abuse and Lifetime Psychopathology in a Community Sample." American Journal of Psychiatry 158 (2001): 1878-1883.

Moos, R.H., and B.S. Moos. "Rates and Predictors of Relapse After Natural and Treated Remission From Alcohol Use Disorders." Addiction 101.2 Feb. 2006: 212-222.

National Institute of Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism. "Alcohol's Damaging Effects on the Brain." Alcohol Alert 63 Oct. 2004.

National Institute of Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism. "Underage Drinking." Alcohol Alert 67 Jan. 2006.

National Institute of Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism. "Young Adult Drinking." Alcohol Alert 68 Apr. 2006.

National Institute on Drug Abuse. Principles of Drug Addiction Treatment: A Research-Based Guide, Third Edition. Rockville, Maryland: National Institute on Drug Abuse, 2012.

O'Connell, H., A.V. Chin, C. Cunningham, and B. Lawlor. "Alcohol Use Disorders in Elderly People-Redefining an Age Old Problem in Old Age." BMJ 327.7416 Sept. 20, 2003: 664-667.

Poikolainen, K. "Risk Factors for Alcohol Dependence: A Case-Control Study." Oxford Journals of Medicine and Alcoholism 35.2 (1999): 190-196.

Sher, L. "Alcohol Consumption and Suicide." International Journal of Medicine 99.1 (2003): 57-61.

Staff, J., M.E. Patrick, E. Loken, and J.L. Maggs. "Teenage Alcohol Use and Educational Attainment." Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs 69.6 Nov. 2008: 848-858.


Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 1/21/2014

Patient Comments

Viewers share their comments

Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism - Treatments Question: What treatment has been effective for your alcoholism?
Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism - Experience Question: Please describe your experience with alcoholism.
Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism - Symptoms Question: What were the symptoms of alcohol abuse or alcoholism in a friend or relative?

STAY INFORMED

Get the Latest health and medical information delivered direct to your inbox!