albuterol and ipratropium inhaler, Combivent, Combivent Respimat (cont.)

Pharmacy Author:
Medical and Pharmacy Editor:

PRESCRIBED FOR: Albuterol/ipratropium is used in the treatment of bronchospasm or narrowing of the airways caused by emphysema or bronchitis in patients who require a second bronchodilator.

SIDE EFFECTS: Side effects of albuterol/ipratropium combination products are due to the component drugs. Side effects of albuterol include nervousness, tremor, headache, palpitations, fast heart rate, elevated blood pressure, nausea, dizziness, and heartburn. Throat irritation and nosebleeds also can occur. Worsening of diabetes and lowering of potassium also have been reported.

The most common side effects associated with ipratropium are:

  • dry mouth,
  • cough,
  • headache,
  • nausea,
  • dizziness, and
  • difficulty breathing.

Because of its anticholinergic effect, ipratropium may worsen symptoms of benign prostatic hyperplasia, and narrow-angle glaucoma.

Other important side effects include allergic reactions, which may rarely occur and may manifest as:

In rare patients, albuterol/ipratropium can paradoxically precipitate life-threatening bronchospasm.

GENERIC AVAILABLE: Yes

PRESCRIPTION: Yes

PREPARATIONS: Aerosol inhaler: 90/18 mcg or 100/20 mcg (albuterol/ipratropium) per actuation of the inhaler.

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 4/7/2015


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