Dr. Ogbru received his Doctorate in Pharmacy from the University of the Pacific School of Pharmacy in 1995. He completed a Pharmacy Practice Residency at the University of Arizona/University Medical Center in 1996. He was a Professor of Pharmacy Practice and a Regional Clerkship Coordinator for the University of the Pacific School of Pharmacy from 1996-99.
Jay W. Marks, MD, is a board-certified internist and gastroenterologist. He graduated from Yale University School of Medicine and trained in internal medicine and gastroenterology at UCLA/Cedars-Sinai Medical Center in Los Angeles.
Albuterol sulphate should be stored between 2 C and 25 C (36 F and 77 F) and
protected from light and excessive heat.
A jet nebulizer connected to an air compressor equipped with a mouthpiece or
face mask is used to administer albuterol sulphate solution.
The recommended starting dose for patients 2 to 12 years of age is 0.63,
1.25, or 2.5 mg given by nebulization 3 or 4 times daily, as needed. More
frequent administration is not recommended.
Children 6 to 12 years of age with more severe
asthma may achieve a better
initial response with the 1.25 or 2.5 mg dose.
The entire contents of one vial should be placed in the nebulizer and the
flow rate should be adjusted to deliver albuterol sulphate over 5 to 15 minutes.
DRUG CLASS AND MECHANISM:
Albuterol sulphate dilates the airways of the lung and is used for treating
asthma and other conditions of the lung. Asthma is a breathing problem due to
narrowing of the airways (bronchial tubes) that allow air to move in and out of
the lungs. These airways can be narrowed due to the accumulation of mucus, spasm
of the muscles that surround these airways (bronchospasm), or swelling of the
lining of the airways. Airway narrowing leads to shortness of breath, wheezing,
cough, and congestion. Albuterol sulphate dilates bronchial airways by relaxing
the muscles that surround the airways. Albuterol also can be helpful in patients
with emphysema and
chronic bronchitis when symptoms are partially related to
spasm of the airways' muscles.
The FDA approved albuterol sulphate solution in