albuterol, Ventolin HFA, Proventil-HFA, Vospire ER, ProAir HFA (cont.)

Pharmacy Author:
Medical and Pharmacy Editor:

SIDE EFFECTS: Side effects include:

Throat irritation and nosebleeds can also occur.

Other important side effects include allergic reactions which may rarely occur and may manifest as:

Worsening of diabetes and lowering of potassium have been reported. In rare patients, inhaled albuterol can paradoxically precipitate life-threatening bronchospasm.

PRESCRIPTION: Yes

GENERIC AVAILABLE: Yes

PREPARATIONS: Inhalation aerosol: 80 and 200 inhalations; Inhalation solution: 0.63, 1.25, and 2.5 mg/3 ml, also 5 mg/ml; Syrup: 2 mg/5 ml; Tablets: 2, 4, and 8 mg

STORAGE: Albuterol should be stored at room temperature, 59 F - 86 F (15 C - 30 C). The canister should be kept away from heat or flame and not punctured.

DOSING: The usual dose for prevention of bronchospasm is 1-2 inhalations every 4-6 hours by aerosol. The dose for exercise induced bronchospasm is 2 inhalations 15 minutes prior to exercise. The usual nebulizer dose is 0.63 mg, 1.25 mg or 2.5 mg 3-4 times a day. The recommended dosing for tablets or syrup is 2 or 4 mg given 3 or 4 times daily and the dose of extended release tablets is 4 or 8 mg every 12 hours.

DRUG INTERACTIONS: Tricyclic antidepressants [for example, amitriptyline (Elavil, Endep), monoamine oxidase inhibitors (for example, tranylcypromine) should not be combined with albuterol because of their additive effects on the vascular system (increased blood pressure, heart rate, etc.). A period of two weeks should elapse between treatment with albuterol and tricyclic antidepressants or monoamine oxidase inhibitors.

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 1/27/2015


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