- What is albuterol, and how does it work (mechanism of action)?
- What brand names are available for albuterol?
- Is albuterol available as a generic drug?
- Do I need a prescription for albuterol?
- What are the uses for albuterol?
- What are the side effects of albuterol?
- What is the dosage for albuterol?
- Which drugs or supplements interact with albuterol?
- Is albuterol safe to take if I'm pregnant or breastfeeding?
- What else should I know about albuterol?
What is albuterol, and how does it work (mechanism of action)?
- Albuterol sulphate dilates the airways of the lung and is used for treating asthma and other conditions of the lung. Asthma is a breathing problem due to narrowing of the airways (bronchial tubes) that allow air to move in and out of the lungs. These airways can be narrowed due to the accumulation of mucus, spasm of the muscles that surround these airways (bronchospasm), or swelling of the lining of the airways. Airway narrowing leads to shortness of breath, wheezing, cough, and congestion. Albuterol sulphate dilates bronchial airways by relaxing the muscles that surround the airways. Albuterol also can be helpful in patients with emphysema and chronic bronchitis when symptoms are partially related to spasm of the airways' muscles.
- The FDA approved albuterol sulphate solution in January 1987.
What brand names are available for albuterol?
Ventolin, Proventil, Accuneb (discontinued)
Is albuterol available as a generic drug?
GENERIC AVAILABLE: Yes
Do I need a prescription for albuterol?
What are the uses for albuterol?
- Albuterol sulphate inhalation solution is used for the treatment of bronchospasm in patients 2 to 12 years of age with asthma (reversible obstructive airway disease).
What are the side effects of albuterol?
Common side effects include:
- Migraine headaches
- Non-migraine headaches
- stomach upset
- flu-like symptoms
- cold symptoms
- ear infections (otitis media)
Other side effects include:
- allergic reactions (rash, hives, itching)
- increased sputum
- shortness of breath
Possible serious side effects include:
- bronchospasm (worsening of asthma)
- serious allergic reactions (anaphylaxis)
- worsening of diabetes
- low potassium
- abnormal heart rhythm (palpitations)
- fast heart rate
- elevated blood pressure
- chest pain
Quick GuideAsthma Symptoms, Causes, and Medications
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