- ADHD in Adults Slideshow Pictures
- Take the Adult ADHD Quiz
- Concentration Killers: Brain Drains Slideshow
- Adult ADHD FAQs
- Patient Comments: Adult ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder) - Symptoms
- Patient Comments: Adult ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder) - Diagnosis
- Find a local Psychiatrist in your town
- Adult attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) facts
- What is attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)?
- What are causes and risk factors for adult ADHD?
- How prevalent is adult ADHD?
- What are adult ADHD symptoms and signs?
- What tests do health-care professionals use to diagnose adult ADHD?
- What is the treatment for adult ADHD? What are adult ADHD medications?
- Are there any home remedies for adult ADHD?
- What are complications of adult ADHD?
- What is the prognosis of adult ADHD?
- Is it possible to prevent adult ADHD?
- Are support groups available for those living with adult ADHD?
- Where can people find additional information on adult attention deficit hyperactivity disorder?
Quick GuideADHD in Adults Pictures Slideshow: A Visual Guide to ADHD in Adults
What is the prognosis of adult ADHD?
The prognosis for ADHD adults seems to be influenced by the severity of symptoms, scores on intelligence tests, whether the person with the condition has other mental-health problems, as well as if there are family issues, such as parental mental-health problems, family problems, socioeconomic challenges, and if the individual with ADHD receives treatment. Studies show that stimulant treatment of this condition often improves the prognosis for adults, decreasing the risk for developing other psychiatric problems and for failing in school.
Is it possible to prevent adult ADHD?
Research indicates that breastfeeding up to 6 months of age may help prevent the development of ADHD. Since environmental and social problems like drug use in the mother, medical, and emotional challenges increase the likelihood of developing this condition, prevention or treatment of those issues can help prevent ADHD. In addition, early treatment of children with ADHD can decrease the impact the illness has on the individual's life into adulthood.
Are support groups available for those living with adult ADHD?
ADHD and You
CHADD (Children and Adults With Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder)
Where can people find additional information on adult attention deficit hyperactivity disorder?
American Counseling Association
American Psychiatric Association
American Psychological Association
National Association of Social Workers
National Mental Health Association
American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition. Arlington, Virginia: American Psychiatric Association, 2013.
Arnold, V.K., D. Feifel, C.Q. Earl, et al. "A 9-Week, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group, dose-finding study to evaluate the efficacy and safety of modafinil as treatment for adults with ADHD." Journal of Attention Disorders May 2012.
Baker, A., Lee, N.K. & Jenner, L. (Eds) (2004). Models of intervention and care for psychostimulant users, 2nd Edition, National Drug Strategy Monograph Series No. 51.
Biederman, J., M.C. Monuteaux, T. Spencer, et al. "Do stimulants protect against psychiatric disorders in youth with ADHD? A 10-year follow-up study." Pediatrics 124.1 July 2009: 71-78.
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Clay, R.A. "Easing ADHD without meds." Monitor on Psychology 44.2 Feb. 2013.
Conners, C.K., D. Erhardt, J.N. Epstein, et al. "Self-ratings of ADHD symptoms in adults I: Factor structure and normative data." Journal of Attention Disorders 3.3 Oct. 1999: 141-151.
Curatolo, P., E. D'Agati, and R. Moavero. "The neurobiological basis of ADHD." Italian Journal of Pediatrics 36 (2010): 79.
Hines, J.L., T.S. King, and W.J. Curry. "The adult ADHD self-report scale for screening for adult attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)." Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine 25.6 Nov.-Dec. 2012: 847-853.
Ingram, S., L. Hechtman, and G. Morgenstern. "Outcome issues in ADHD: Adolescent and adult long-term outcome." Mental Retardation and Developmental Disabilities Research Reviews 5.3 (1999): 243-250.
Lake, J. "Integrative management of ADHD: What the evidence suggests." Psychiatric Times July 2010.
Millstein, R.B., T.E. Wilens, J. Biederman, and T.J. Spencer. "Presenting ADHD symptoms and subtypes in clinically referred adults with ADHD." Journal of Attention Disorders 2.3 Oct. 1997: 159-166.
Mimouni-Bloch, A., A. Kachevanskaya, F.B. Mimouni, et al. "Breastfeeding may protect from developing attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder." Breastfeeding Medicine May 2013.
Quintero, J., M. Loro, B. Jimenez, and N. Garcia Campos. "Evolutionary issues in attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD); from risk factors to comorbidity and social and academic impact." Vertex 22.96 Mar.-Apr. 2011: 101-108.
Sagiv, S.K., J.N. Epstein, D.C. Bellinger, and S.A. Korrick. "Pre- and Postnatal Risk Factors for ADHD in a Nonclinical Pediatric Population." Journal of Attention Disorders 17.1 Jan. 2013: 47-57.
Taylor, F.B., and J. Russo. "Efficacy of modafinil compared to dextroamphetamine for the treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in adults." Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology 10.4 Winter 2000: 311-320.
Thapar, A., and M. Rutter. "Do prenatal risk factors cause psychiatric disorder? Be wary of causal claims." The British Journal of Psychiatry 195 (2009): 100-101.
Weiss, M., and C. Murray. "Assessment and management of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder in adults." Canadian Medical Association Journal 168.6 Mar. 2003.
Wilens, T.E., S.V. Faraone, J. Biederman, and S. Gunawardene. "Does stimulant therapy of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder beget later substance abuse? A meta-analytic review of the literature." Pediatrics 111.1 Jan. 2003: 179-185.