- ADHD Symptoms in Children Slideshow Pictures
- Take the Adult ADHD Quiz
- Brain Foods Slideshow
- Adult ADHD FAQs
- Patient Comments: Adult ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder) - Symptoms
- Patient Comments: Adult ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder) - Diagnosis
- Find a local Psychiatrist in your town
- Adult attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) facts
- What is attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)?
- What are causes and risk factors for adult ADHD?
- How prevalent is adult ADHD?
- What are adult ADHD symptoms and signs?
- What tests do health-care professionals use to diagnose adult ADHD?
- What is the treatment for adult ADHD? What are adult ADHD medications?
- Are there any home remedies for adult ADHD?
- What are complications of adult ADHD?
- What is the prognosis of adult ADHD?
- Is it possible to prevent adult ADHD?
- Are support groups available for those living with adult ADHD?
- Where can people find additional information on adult attention deficit hyperactivity disorder?
Quick GuideADHD in Adults: Signs, Cause, and Management
What tests do health-care professionals use to diagnose adult ADHD?
In order to be assigned the diagnosis of ADHD, a child should exhibit six symptoms of inattention or six symptoms of combined hyperactivity and impulsivity, and an older teen or adult need only demonstrate five of each group of symptoms. Symptoms should begin prior to 12 years of age, occur in more than one setting (like home and work), be significant enough to cause difficulties for the person, and not be able to be better explained by another illness. There are three types of ADHD: predominately inattentive presentation, predominately hyperactive/impulsive presentation, and the combined (inattentive, hyperactive, and impulsive) presentation.
Many health-care professionals may help determine the diagnosis of ADHD. A professional will likely perform or refer for a thorough medical interview and physical exam as part of the evaluation. Since ADHD can be associated with other mental-health problems like depression, bipolar disorder, obsessive compulsive disorder, and other anxiety disorders, as well as with autism-spectrum disorders, the evaluator will likely screen for signs of those and other forms of mental illness. The signs and symptoms of adult ADHD may also be caused by many medical conditions or can be a side effect of a number of medications. Therefore, blood tests are frequently done as part of the initial assessment. Occasionally, an imaging study like an X-ray or CAT scan may be necessary. As part of the evaluation, the individual may be asked questions from a standardized questionnaire or self-test to assist in determining the diagnosis. Some ADHD symptom checklists for children have been adapted to screen for the condition in adults. Examples of such diagnostic tools include the Conners' Adult ADHD Rating Scale (CAARS) and the Adult Self Report Scale.