Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in Children (ADHD in Children or Childhood ADHD)

  • Medical Author:
    Roxanne Dryden-Edwards, MD

    Dr. Roxanne Dryden-Edwards is an adult, child, and adolescent psychiatrist. She is a former Chair of the Committee on Developmental Disabilities for the American Psychiatric Association, Assistant Professor of Psychiatry at Johns Hopkins Hospital in Baltimore, Maryland, and Medical Director of the National Center for Children and Families in Bethesda, Maryland.

  • Medical Editor: William C. Shiel Jr., MD, FACP, FACR
    William C. Shiel Jr., MD, FACP, FACR

    William C. Shiel Jr., MD, FACP, FACR

    Dr. Shiel received a Bachelor of Science degree with honors from the University of Notre Dame. There he was involved in research in radiation biology and received the Huisking Scholarship. After graduating from St. Louis University School of Medicine, he completed his Internal Medicine residency and Rheumatology fellowship at the University of California, Irvine. He is board-certified in Internal Medicine and Rheumatology.

ADHD Symptoms in Children Slideshow Pictures

Quick GuideADHD Pictures Slideshow: Symptoms in Children

ADHD Pictures Slideshow: Symptoms in Children

Are there support groups for children with ADHD?

CHADD
4601 Presidents Drive, Suite 300
Lanham, MD 20706
301-306-7070

Where can people find more information on ADHD in children?

Attention Deficit Disorder Association
PO Box 543
Pottstown, PA 19464
484-945-2101

Attention Deficit Disorder Resources
223 Tacoma Ave S #100
Tacoma, WA 98402
253-759-5085

Children and Adults With Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder
8181 Professional Place, Suite 150
Landover, MD 20785
National Resource Center on AD/HD
800-233-4050

REFERENCES:

American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition. Arlington, Virginia: American Psychiatric Association, 2013.

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D'Agostino, R. "The drugging of the American boy." Esquire May 2014.

Davis, C. "Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: associations with overeating and obesity." Current Psychiatry Reports 12 (2010): 389-395.

DuPaul, G.J., and R.J. Volpe. "ADHD and learning disabilities: research findings and clinical implications." Current Attention Disorders Reports. 1.4 Dec. 2009: 152-155.

Field, S., D.R. Parker, S. Sawilowsky, et al. "Assessing the impact of ADHD coaching services on university students' learning skills, self-regulation, and well-being." Journal of Postsecondary Education and Disability 26.1 (2013): 67-81.

Gau, S.S.F., and H.L. Chiang. "Sleep Problems and Disorders among Adolescents with Persistent and Subthreshold Attention-deficit/Hyperactivity Disorders." Sleep May 2009.

Grandjean, P., and P.J. Landrigan. "Neurobehavioural effects of developmental toxicity." The Lancet Neurology 13.3. Mar. 2014: 330-338.

Hong, S.B., M.Y. Im, J.W. Kim, et al. "Environmental lead exposure and attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder symptom domains in a community sample of South Korean school-age children." Environmental Health Perspectives 123.3 March 2015.

Koerth-Baker, M. "The Not-so-hidden cause behind the A.D.H.D. epidemic." The New York Times Oct. 2013.

Lehman, S. "Childhood ADHD linked to secondhand smoke." Scientific American 2015.

Lichtenstein, P., L. Halldner, J. Zetterqvist, A. Sjolander, et al. "Medication for attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder and criminality." New England Journal of Medicine 367 Nov. 2012: 2006-2014.

Liew, Z., B. Ritz, C. Rebordosa, et al. "Acetaminophen use during pregnancy, behavioral problems, and hyperkinetic disorders." Journal of the American Medical Association of Pediatrics 2014.

Millichap, J.G., and M.M. Yee. "The Diet Factor in Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder." Pediatrics Jan. 2012.

Mimouni-Bloch, A., A. Kachevanskaya, F.B. Mimouni, A. Shuper, et al. "Breastfeeding may protect from developing attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder." Breastfeeding Medicine 8.4 Aug. 2013: 363-367.

Motamed, S., S. Ghorbanshiroudi, J. Khalatbari, et al. "The effectiveness of positive parenting skills training group for parents of children with attention deficit disorder-hyperactivity on behavior disorders in their children." Indian Journal of Science and Technology 4.10 (2011): 1358-1361.

Nauert, R. "Abnormal Sleep May Add to Emotional Problems in ADHD Kids." Psych Central May 2013.

Novotni, M. "Support groups for parents of children with ADHD." ADDitudeMag.com (2016).

Ringdahl, J.E., and T.S. Falcomata. "Applied behavioral analysis and the treatment of childhood psychopathology and developmental disabilities." Treating Childhood Psychopathology and Developmental Disabilities. Eds., et al, Matson, J.L. Berlin, Germany: Springer Science and Business Media, 2009.

Ruiz, R. "How childhood trauma could be mistaken for ADHD." The Atlantic July 2014.

Sagiv, S.K., J.N. Epstein, D.C. Bellinger, and S.A. Korrick. "Pre- and postnatal risk factors for ADHD in a nonclinical pediatric population." Journal of Attention Disorders 17.1 Jan. 2013: 47-57.

Simonoff, E., A. Pickles, T. Chaman, et al. "Psychiatric disorders in children with autism spectrum disorders: prevalence, comorbidity, and associated factors in a population-derived sample." Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 47.8 Aug. 2008: 921-929.

Smith, A.L., B. Hoza, K. Linnea, et al. "Pilot physical activity intervention reduces severity of ADHD symptoms in young children." Journal of Attention Disorders 17.1 Jan. 2013: 70-82.

Solanto, M.V., D.J. Marks, J. Wasserstein, et al. "Efficacy of meta-cognitive therapy for adult ADHD." American Journal of Psychiatry 167 (2010): 958-968.

Subcommittee on Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder, Steering Committee on Quality Improvement and Management. "ADHD: clinical practice guideline for the diagnosis, evaluation and treatment of Attention-Deficit/ Hyperactivity Disorder in children and adolescents." Pediatrics 128.5 Nov. 2011.

Tanner, T.B., and M.P. Metcalf. ADHD Success Guide for Teens. Chapel Hill, NC: Clinical Tools, Inc., February 2001.

Thapar, A., and M. Rutter. "Do prenatal risk factors cause psychiatric disorder? Be wary of causal claims." The British Journal of Psychiatry 195 (2009): 100-101.

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Turka, L.A. and A. Caplan. "What Is the Evidence for Our Standards of Care?" Journal of Clinical Investigation 121.7 (2011): 2530.

Vasconcelos, M.M., A.F. Malheiros, J. Werner, Jr., et al. "Contribution of psychosocial risk factors for attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder." Archives of Neuropsychiatry 63.1 March 2005: 68-74.

Visser, S.N., M.L. Danielson, R.H. Bitsko, J.R. Holbrook, et al. "Trends in the parent-report of health care provider-diagnosed and medicated attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: United States, 2003–2011." Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry 53.1 Jan. 2014: 34-46.

Wilens, T.E., S.V. Faraone, J. Biederman, and S. Gunawardene. "Does stimulant therapy of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder beget later substance abuse? A meta-analytic review of the literature." Pediatrics 111.1 Jan. 2003: 179-185.

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Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 5/2/2016

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